The 705th Combat Training Squadron, home of Air Combat Command’s Distributed Mission Operations Center, recently hosted one of the largest coalitions of DoD and joint virtual air combat exercises across eight time zones at Air Force Base Kirtland, New Mexico, October 24 to November 5.
Coalition VIRTUAL FLAG exercises led by the United States Air Force focus on major combat operations in a realistic theater against a close-to-peer threat in a dynamic training environment.
The CVFs are designed to establish and maintain joint and coalition partnerships between the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Canada by focusing on the planning, execution and debriefing of a multitude of sets of missions in the air, space, surface and cyber domains.
All units operate in a lively, virtual and constructive environment that allows combatants to prepare for war and then train to do so in a synthetic environment so that they can learn to be effective in combat. .
CVF 22-1 trained more than 344 participants, 200 joint fighters and 144 coalition fighters, and conducted more than 6,461 joint training events for 67 units using seven networks and 23 different systems connected at 29 sites across the world.
For the first time, DMOC integrated cyber effects and planning into CVF 22-1 training scenarios requiring defense against opposing forces cyber maneuvers. The groups were divided into Blue Cyber Teams, made up of a British Cyber Protection Team, reinforced by members of Canadian intelligence, merging cyber intelligence into the larger operational framework, and Red Cyber Teams, made up of an opposing force of the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. members running a team of enemy cyber operators attempting to disrupt operations.
While the cyber teams were physically located in Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, they worked in a virtual “lineup” of computers in the UK that took up a lot of bandwidth to run all the required cyber intrusion tools. The team was able to resolve these issues in the early days and achieve valuable e-learning goals.
DMOC is building a complete cyber cell in Kirtland and will continue to refine and include cybernetic learning objectives seamlessly in its simulation environment to fit into all other areas.
“The 705th CTS has developed its distributed mission operations capabilities over the decades and integrating a field like cyber is a challenge the squadron is delighted to meet,” said the US captain. Space Force Oliver Peery, Cyberspace Operations Flight Commander, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.
The roles of cyber operators will continue to grow in future exercises and will continue to progress towards true Joint Command and Control in all areas, or JADC2.
“I think the 705th Combat Training Squadron has something very unique to provide to the cyber fighter, integrating cyber into a realistic warfare exercise and not only forcing traditional operators to be more aware of the effects of cyber. on a battlefield environment, but for cyber to see how they can really support and directly integrate their offensive and defensive capabilities into the operational environment, ”said Peery.
The DMOC develops realistic and relevant training environments and scenarios for participants while allowing individual units to add elements so that they can achieve required training goals or certifications during CVF.
The US military used the CVF 22-1 to certify three air defense artillery fire control officers; ADAFCOs are the United States air defense representative at C2 nodes.
CVF 22-1 introduced participants to a contemporary multi-domain threat where exercise participants had to think through complex sets of problems.
“22 Wing offered personnel the opportunity to practice in a state-of-the-art command and control training center, working alongside other members of the Royal Canadian Air Force, from the Canadian Army, the United States Air Force and the United States. Marine Corps that formed the Control and Reporting Center, ”said Royal Canadian Air Force Maj. Shaun Hyland, Exercise and Event Management Coordinator, Royal Canadian Air Force Aerospace Warfare Center.
The DMOC exercise scenarios allow participating combatants to uncover sticking points in their plans and crews to resolve them, whether in mission planning or in real time during the period of vulnerability.
“Exercise Coalition VIRTUAL FLAG is the world’s first distributed synthetic training environment where colleagues from many countries can train for large-scale operational warfare,” said Graham Orme, Royal Air Force squadron leader. “Joint planning and execution allows participants to learn through shared expertise in multiple areas, from combat air to space and cyber. “
Orme continued: “The staff dedicated to the simulator allows the creation of tailor-made scenarios that push operators, test their skills and allow the development of new techniques and procedures. As such, exercise is a valuable part of the annual any strength training program.
DMOC-Space, Schriever Space Force Base, Colo., Sent real-time exercise data to Kirtland during CVF. The data transfer allowed the DMOC to forgo the issuance of a theoretical event that further strengthened the C2 of the joint forces and the coalition during the virtual large-force exercise.
In addition to missile warning data, the 392nd CTS, Schriever SFB, Colo., Also provided global positioning system data to DMOC to use its GPS environment generator for the first time in CVF. This allowed pilots using DMOC flight simulators to deploy precision weapons in a degraded environment by simulated GPS.
“CVF offers a unique opportunity to integrate the space realm into the tactical environment by using the virtual construction of the DMOC to determine best practices and ultimately learn how to maximize combat effectiveness,” said USSF Tina Bragdon , expert and planner in the space matter of the 705th CTS. .
Space capabilities bring more to combat than ever before, but we must ensure that we harness them to the best of our nation. Relevance on the battlefield does not derive from independence, but from interdependence and the successful fusion of capabilities.
“This exercise is the culmination of 18 months of training for our QSIC [Qualified Space Instructors Course] students, ”said Laura Ridley-Siddall, Royal Air Force squadron leader, Air and Space Warfare School officer commanding space training. “This year, for the first time, we used the fully simulated environment as the final assessment for our QSI students in the Space Service Officer position.”
When planning VIRTUAL FLAG exercises, the goal of DMOC is to incorporate new capabilities to continuously provide an environment in which the fighter can train with the forces with which he might expect to coordinate during ‘major combat operations.
“This is particularly poignant when running our coalition events as there are many assets that US operators have never had the opportunity to work with until CVF,” said Lt. Col. de USAF Michael Butler, 705th CTS director of operations. “While DMOC has traditionally included the space and cybernetic domains in our exercises, in CVF 22-1 we have focused on integrating the coalition’s space and cybernetic capabilities with great success. “
Butler continued, “We have built a solid foundation in CVF 22-1 and learned many lessons that will allow us to make our scenarios more robust and realistic for future exercises.”
CVF 22-1 provided a unique opportunity for joint forces of the USAF, USSF, United States, United States Marine Corps, US Navy and four partner nations of s ” train as part of a complex and integrated virtual-virtual constructive training exercise.
“Modern warfare is much more complex and dynamic than ever before, and victory demands the highest skill in planning and executing operational objectives smarter, faster, and more accurately than your adversary,” said Walt Marvin , US Space Force, 392nd CTS exercise planner. “We have to fight together effectively in a common environment, and most likely as a coalition of nations. “
The 705th CTS reports to the 505th Combat Training Group, Nellis AFB, Nevada, and the 505th Command and Control Wing, headquartered at Hurlburt Field, Florida.
“Coalition and joint partners interested in participating in future VF or CVF exercises should contact [email protected] to connect with DMOC,” said USAF Lt. Col. Lindsay Post, commander from 705th CTS, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico.
|Date posted:||11.24.2021 13:06|
|Site:||KIRTLAND AIR BASE, New Mexico, United States|
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