History organization

History organization

Thanksgiving not forgotten in prisons

Even as bad choices landed people in state prisons, holiday celebrations such as Thanksgiving continued even while incarcerated.

Prisons began observing Thanksgiving in 1868

Thanksgiving events held in San Quentin really began in 1868.

“As the good people of San Francisco prepared to enjoy Thanksgiving Day, few thought of (those incarcerated in) San Quentin. A year ago yesterday several gentlemen of this town formed a committee to attend to the welfare of these unfortunates,” reported the San Francisco Chronicle, November 19, 1869. “Yesterday a party of ladies and gentlemen set out on the steamer Contra Costa to attend and participate in Thanksgiving held at the prison.

In 1921, Folsom State Prison celebrated the day with a movie, baseball game, and running races. “A fine Thanksgiving dinner of roast pork and other good things was served,” reported The Folsom Telegraph, November 25, 1921.

The personnel were not forgotten as “an elaborate Thanksgiving dinner was prepared for officers and guards. The party was under the personal direction of Earl W. Blanchard.

New board chairman celebrates Thanksgiving with incarcerated population

When William Morrish was appointed head of the State Prisons Commission in 1925, he chose to spend Thanksgiving Day at San Quentin. He planned to see prison conditions firsthand and make announcements about improving rehabilitation efforts, including in the area of ​​education.

“A new education system will be put into operation in San Quentin. Prisoners, many of whom cannot read or write, will have the opportunity to engage in studies leading them to high school. All recognized subjects taught in public primary schools will be included in the new prison school,” the newspaper reported.

“(We) will resume working for the better welfare of the men and women who have been placed in our care,” Morrish said. “We are ready to forget (past criticism) and write our success story on a new page in prison history.”

It was also the first time the prison allowed incarcerated women to attend the annual Thanksgiving track meet. Although not allowed in the courtyard, the 64 women were granted a vantage point on the hill near the residence of manager Frank Smith.

“The routine of prison and the gloom of a foggy Thanksgiving morning were shattered by another innovation today, when prisoners received a special breakfast of pork sausages, potatoes and gravy , of bread and coffee. (This replaced) the usual bread and unsweetened porridge and coffee without milk. Warden Smith was responsible for the additional privilege,” reported the Oakland Tribune, November 26, 1925.

Sport a Thanksgiving tradition, even in prison

The 1925 track and field events began at 9:30 a.m., featuring the University of California track team and officials from the Pacific Athletic Association to act as referees and judges. “Nearly 1,000 visitors, all men, watched the various events which included the 50, 100, 220 and 440 yard dashes, high and wide jumps, tug of war, pole vault, the three-legged race and several (other) contests,” the newspaper reports.

At the time, tobacco and pipes were not considered contraband, as the track record shows.

“The award-winning prison athletes received pipes, tobacco, candy, safety razors, handkerchiefs, soap and ties,” the Tribune wrote.

The meal that year was roast pork and applesauce, mashed potatoes and gravy, bread, minced pie, candies, salted peanuts and apples. A total of 1,700 loaves of bread were consumed along with $2,500 worth of roast pork.

Prisons and Thanksgiving in the 1950s

San Quentin’s 1954 menu included 7,000 pounds of roast pork, 1,200 raisin pies, 1,200 pounds of cheese, mashed potatoes and gravy, bread, coffee, milk, and sugar. The day ended with a concert and a baseball game.

On November 16, 1958, The Independent-Journal published an article about the efforts of San Quentin’s incarcerated kitchen crew preparing a Thanksgiving feast.

“Kitchen helpers today began the herculean job of slicing the meat from 190 turkeys, prizes for tomorrow’s Thanksgiving dinner at San Quentin State Prison,” the newspaper reported. “The portions are weighed, wrapped and will be heated before going to the mess trays of the 4,844 inmates of San Quentin. Roast turkeys, stuffing, cranberry sauce and vegetables will be polished with minced pie for dessert.

The men were also offered “potatoes, baked yams, peas (and) green salad”. According to the newspaper, “the prison cooks had a full day’s work ahead of them” to prepare the holiday meal.

The California Institution for Women (CIW) and California Institution for Men (CIM) saw a movie and provided Thanksgiving meals in 1959.

“The CIW program will include church services on Thanksgiving morning and “The Great Caruso” (film) that evening. Turkey, potatoes, vegetables, salad and dessert will be served at dinner,” reports the Pomona Progress Bulletin, November 19, 1959. “A dinner of turkey with chicken broth and rice, potatoes, vegetables, and pumpkin pie will be served at the CIM. “The Ten Commandments” will air on Thanksgiving night.

Read the previous story about prison and Thanksgiving.

By Don Chaddock, Inside CDCR Editor

Follow us on YouTube, Facebook and Twitter.

read more
History organization

Bates in the news: November 18, 2022 | New

A selection of recent mentions of Bates and Bates people in the news.

Ralph Sylvester ’50

Lewiston and Auburn mark Veterans Day – Lewiston sun diary

The Lewiston sun diary led its Veterans Day coverage with the story of World War II Army veteran Ralph Sylvester ’50, now 98.

As writer Steve Sherlock wrote, “Perhaps none of the hundreds who attended Friday’s solemn ceremony at Veterans Memorial Park observed more Veterans Day services than Ralph Sylvester d ‘Auburn.”

Bobcat Den regular Ralph Sylvester ’50 arrives for breakfast on August 17, 2021, a routine revived after being disrupted by the Den’s closure in March 2020 due to the pandemic. (H. Jay Burns/Bates College)

Sylvester fought on the beaches of Normandy on D-Day and in the Battle of the Bulge. A soldier with the 295th Combat Engineers, “he built bridges over the Elbe that allowed American and British armies in the west and Soviet Union forces in the east to link up for the first time near the end of the war in 1945.

The 98-year-old World War II veteran was at Omaha Beach on D-Day, fought in the Battle of the Bulge and built bridges over the Elbe that allowed American and British armies from the west and to Soviet Union forces in the east to link up for the first time towards the end of the war in 1945.

“Today brings back a lot of memories of all the others who were killed,” Sylvester told the newspaper. “About 20% of our company members were killed in the Battle of the Bulge, where 3,500 anti-tank mines were unknown to us.”

Edmond Muskie ’36

Pollution is still flowing through the Clean Water Act loophole – E&E news

Among the many stories marking the 50th anniversary of the enactment of the Clean Water Act, on October 18, 1972, E&E news took an in-depth look at the tough decisions Senator Ed Muskie ’36 and his fellow lawmakers had to make while crafting the landmark legislation.

One decision was not to try to tackle what is known as “non-point source pollution”, which refers to pollutants like pesticides, oil and fertilizers that flow into waterways. water from land.

When crafting the legislation in the early 1970s, lawmakers simply couldn’t find the right “vehicle” to deal with diffuse pollution, which is still largely unregulated today.

“This is an area where there are still conceptual issues as well as drafting issues and regulatory issues in general,” said Tom Jorling, then Republican minority counsel for the Senate Public Works Committee.

“I still haven’t seen anyone recommending something that would work,” he added. “It’s not that it wasn’t done in 1972; it’s being honest and saying it couldn’t be done right in 2022.”

Mana Abdi, OIE staff

Lewiston woman makes history as one of first two Somali Americans elected to Maine Legislative Assembly

Mana Abdi, program coordinator at the Bates Office of Intercultural Education, is one of two Somali-Americans elected to the Maine Legislative Assembly this year, the first in state history.

Her victory is a sign that the Legislative Assembly is becoming more representative of the people it serves, Abdi told the Lewiston sun diaryand it brings Maine closer to a better future for all.

“Lewiston deserves safe, affordable and available housing and good jobs,” Abdi said. “I will be a strong and relentless voice for our community in Augusta.”

Read the stories:

Daniel Hoffman ’85

My late wife Kim taught me to honor our loved ones by focusing on something that will outlive us – FoxNews

In an opinion piece for Fox News, Daniel Hoffman ’85, former CIA station chief and Fox News contributor, writes about the legacy of his late wife, Kim Hoffman, who died in 2021 of cancer. Their son, Jerron Hoffman, has dedicated himself to helping hospitalized children with cancer.

Daniel Hoffman '85 and his son, Jerron, prank
Daniel Hoffman ’85 and his son, Jerron, filling ‘Joy Jars’ at a fundraiser for the Jessie Rees Foundation, a non-profit pediatric cancer organization. (Photo courtesy of Daniel Hoffman)

“I realized that families battling cancer or mourning their lost loved ones who cancer stole from them had so much in common,” Hoffman writes. “Cancer forges the common ground between us, from which we draw our strength in each other.”

Beverly Johnson, Faculty of Earth and Climate Sciences

Study shows Gulf of Maine cools for 900 years, then warms rapidly since late 1800s — ScienMag

The water off the Gulf of Maine is warming rapidly. New research co-authored by Beverly Johnson, professor of earth and climate sciences, shows that recent warming is reversing 900 years of cooling and is accompanied by changes in ocean currents.

The results have been published in the open access journal Earth & Environment Communications and reported in ScienMag.

Arctica islandica clams, such as those collected by Nina Whitney, assistant research professor in Western Washington University's Marine and Coastal Science Program and lead author of the study, are one of the types of clams collected by the team during of his research on the Gulf of Maine.  Photo courtesy of Nina Whitney
Arctica islandica clams, such as those collected by Nina Whitney, assistant research professor in Western Washington University’s Marine and Coastal Science Program and lead author of the study, are one of the types of clams collected by the team during of his research on the Gulf of Maine. (Photo courtesy of Nina Whitney)

The results? In the late 1800s, coinciding with the emerging Industrial Revolution, the Gulf of Maine began to warm and receive more water from the Gulf Stream, with the main driving factor being greenhouse gas emissions. At the current rate, the water in the Gulf of Maine could increase by 4 degrees Celsius every 100 years.

Jonathan Adler ’00

Psychology in Theater with PSPR Editor Jonathan Adler — Personality and Social Psychology Society

In 2019, Jonathan Adler ’00, professor of psychology at Olin College of Engineering, was looking for a way to tell lesser-known stories of the AIDS pandemic in the United States.

Jonathan Adler '00, center, stands with the cast of his play,
Jonathan Adler ’00, center in a dark blue shirt, stands with the cast of his play, Reverse transcription. (Photograph by Stan Barough)

Part of an Olin team that received a grant from the Mellon Foundation aimed at integrating arts and STEM, he teamed up with Boston University’s Jim Petosa to write a play, Reverse transcriptionwhich juxtaposes the stories of gay men during the AIDS and COVID pandemics in the United States. It premiered off Broadway last summer on Stage 2 at The Atlantic Theater Co., produced by PTP/NYC.

“For me, there is no separation between psychological issues and drama,” he told the Society for Personality and Social Psychology newsletter. (Adler edits the SPSP Journal.) “Like all stories, all plays feature characters trying to do something, so there are always psychological topics to explore.”

Adler believes “one of the greatest tragedies” of COVID is that society has failed to learn the psychological lessons learned during the AIDS pandemic. “The gay community came together in the 80s and 90s,” but during COVID, the pandemic “ultimately became a force of polarization, not of interdependence.”

Whitney Blanchard Soulé ’90

Meet Whitney Soule, leader of the team that decides whether you enter Penn – The Philadelphia Investigator
Whitney Soule '90.  Photo courtesy of Whitney Soule
Whitney Soule ’90, Vice Provost and Dean of Admissions at the University of Pennsylvania. (Photo courtesy of Whitney Soule)

The Vice Provost and Dean of Admissions at the University of Pennsylvania spoke with The Philadelphia Investigator on his career in college admissions, which began at Bates.

She had been a tour guide at Bates, and right after graduation the office had an unexpected opening and “needed someone right away. I was hired for a nine-month position, and 30 years later, here I am, still in admissions! I love it because the work is human-centered, mission-driven, and complex.

Noah Petro ’01

What the Moon can tell us about the Earth — Axios
Noah Petro '01.  Photo courtesy of Noé Petro
Noah Petro ’01, a project scientist for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission. (Photo courtesy of Noah Petro)

A project scientist for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission, currently orbiting the Moon, said Noah Petro ’01 Axios that he considers the Moon to be “Earth’s eighth continent”.

The launch of Artemis 1 on November 16, the first in a series of missions aimed at establishing a long-term human presence on the Moon, takes a step towards understanding a little more of our own planet’s history, says -he.

The Apollo missions sent humans “to these really wonderful places,” Petro said. “The six landing sites are really amazing. But we never went back there.”

“Part of the area where the Artemis missions will explore is at the edge of this huge basin,” Petro said. “We don’t know how old he is. So for me, understanding the age of this crater becomes a very important point in the history of the Earth and the history of the Moon in its formation.

read more
History organization

Federal Employee Group Again Urges OPM to Ban All Use of Salary History in Federal Hiring Process

An association of Justice Department employees on Tuesday renewed calls for the Office of Personnel Management to ban federal agencies from using salary histories when setting salaries for new federal employees during the induction process. hiring, citing their role in perpetuating gender and ethnic wage disparities.

Earlier this year, the Biden administration announced that the OPM had begun drafting new regulations to “address” the use of candidates’ salary histories when setting salaries for new hires at federal agencies. While there appears to be a consensus within the administration that using wage history to set a new employee’s salary perpetuates historic wage disparities based on gender and race, officials refrained from saying that they would completely ban the practice.

“A contributing factor to the gender pay gap is the common practice of requiring applicants to share their salary history,” Vice President Kamala Harris said last March. “[For] For many women, this practice can mean that unfair pay from a previous job will follow them to their current job, and so on. Our administration is therefore committed to eliminating discriminatory pay practices that undermine the economy, efficiency and effectiveness of the federal government, and that is why today our Office of Personnel Management will begin working on the use of salary history in hiring and salary setting. process for federal employees.

Officials suggested agencies would no longer be allowed to solicit salary histories from job applicants under the new regulations, but were less clear on whether applicants will be able to voluntarily provide agencies with their salary histories. . Employee organizations like the Department of Justice Gender Equality Network, a group of about 1,100 Justice Department employees, have argued that such a provision would provide a loophole that would allow pay disparities to persist.

In a letter to OPM Director Kiran Ahuja on Tuesday, DOJ GEN Chair Stacey Young said a “watertight” ban on the use of salary histories in the federal hiring process is needed. to ensure the government delivers on its promise to be a “model employer”. ”

“Despite a narrowing of the gender pay gap in recent years, as of September 2021, women employed in the executive branch still earn 5.9% less than their male colleagues, and this disparity remains much more acute for women employed in the executive branch. black, Latino and Native American women,” Young wrote. “Strong, top-down efforts are needed to completely eliminate wage inequality. . . But even if agencies stop soliciting wage histories, wage inequality will continue to be passed from job to job if agencies are allowed to count on salary history information that applicants choose to provide, or that agencies otherwise become aware of. »

The potential for abuse of a loophole where candidates can continue to volunteer their salary history is particularly acute at agencies like the Justice Department, the organization wrote, where the gender pay gap in some occupations is much higher than the government average.

“Without a comprehensive ban on salary history, male lawyers, who earn an average of 22.6% more than female lawyers, could still leverage their prior salary to negotiate higher starting salaries at the DOJ than their female counterparts as well. qualified,” the letter reads. “Similarly, when applying for federal sector positions in STEM fields, male applicants from Silicon Valley – where men earn up to 61% more than women in the same situation – could offer their salary and receive higher starting salaries than female applicants. with identical or superior references.

Young argued that ultimately, policies that improve diversity and equity are needed for government to compete with the private sector to attract talent.

“A comprehensive ban on both solicitation and consideration of candidates’ salary history will not only benefit employees; it will also benefit the federal government,” she wrote. “Taking meaningful steps to reduce pay gaps will improve agencies’ ability to recruit and retain top talent, advance compliance with government requirements [diversity, equity, inclusion and accessibility] warrants and reduce costly legal challenges to pay disparities under the Equal Pay Act and other civil rights laws.

read more
History organization

Highlights of the WPS Intermediate Meeting 2022

The AMA Women Physicians Section (WPS) held its 2022 business meeting on Friday, November 11, 2022.

The WPS has organized an inspiring Pathway to Leadership program. Esteemed panelists included:

  • Elisa Choi, MD, who is the current Chair of the Board of Governors of the American College of Physicians and former Governor of the ACP Massachusetts Chapter. Dr. Choi is the first woman, and only Asian American woman, to serve as Governor in the history of the Massachusetts ACP Chapter.
  • Louito Edje, MD, associate dean of graduate medical education at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center. Dr. Edje sits on the AMA’s Council on Medical Education and is a member of the Family Medicine Examination Committee of the Accreditation Council for Higher Medical Education.
  • Patrice Harris, MD, who is the CEO and co-founder of eMed, a digital healthcare company and is the general medical editor of Dr. Harris was the 174e president of the AMA and first African-American woman elected to that position.
  • Madelyn Butler, MD, an obstetrician-gynecologist from Florida, was elected to the board of directors of the American Medical Association in June 2021. Dr. Butler was vice chair of the Florida delegation to the AMA-HOD, member of the House of Delegates Committee Duties and Chairman of the WADA Constitution and Bylaws Reference Committee.

The WPS business meeting highlighted the key events of this year’s Women in Medicine Month.

The WPS considered several agenda items before the House of Delegates, including Resolution 227: Access to methotrexate based on clinical decisions which was drafted by the section.

Additionally, the WPS Associates meeting focused on a lively and insightful discussion on equity in career development.

Earlier today, WPS co-sponsored a session on protecting our healers with the IPPS, OMSS, PPPS, WPS and LGBTQ Advisory Committee.

read more
History organization

Colorado Social Studies Standards: State Board Braces for Final Ruling

Colorado’s State Board of Education is expected to hold a final vote on Thursday on social studies standards that will play a key role in what students learn.

The seven-member council has spent the past year and a half taking positions on issues such as whether LGBTQ people and their contributions should appear in courses and how students understand the forces that contribute to the Holocaust and other genocides.

Although the board is controlled by Democrats, Republicans have played an important role in setting standards on politically charged issues. Their objections, for example, prompted committee members to drop many references to racial and ethnic groups and LGBTQ people in favor of references to “diverse perspectives.”

But now some Democrats on the elected council are pushing to restore the credentials that were cut and name the many groups whose history and contributions they want to represent: Latino, Indigenous, African American, Asian American and LGBTQ.

Lisa Escárcega, a Democratic board member who sponsored several amendments, said she was responding to her constituents — parents, teachers and students. “People came out of the woodwork,” she said. “People are overwhelmingly in favor of restoring the cuts.”

The council is also due to review standards on genocide and the Holocaust adopted in August. As Chalkbeat reports, these standards bear the ideological hallmark of conservative Republican Steve Durham, who wants students to learn the misconception that the Nazis were socialists and that left-wing regimes are particularly susceptible to committing genocide.

Amendments posted on the Council of State’s website suggest restoring lost references to Rwanda, Darfur and Bosnia; add the descriptor “fascist” before mentions of the Nazi Party; and add the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado to the list of genocides students should study.

Republican deputies also want to reverse certain decisions. Debora Scheffel again calls on the State Board to adopt the conservative US Birthright program as the basis for Colorado’s civic standards. The council rejected the program last month in a party vote.

Whatever form the standards take after Thursday’s vote, they are likely to spark more debate at the local level. Unlike many states, Colorado does not set a curriculum or textbooks. School districts — some of them with new conservative majorities on the board — will have to decide how and whether to turn new standards into new lesson plans.

How Social Studies Became a Struggle

Updates to Colorado’s social studies standards were prompted by a series of state laws that called for stronger civics education, media literacy, and personal financial literacy. New laws also made learning about the Holocaust and genocide a condition of graduation and called for social studies courses to do more to include the perspectives of diverse groups.

Democrats led those efforts, but many bills passed with bipartisan support. Committees of teachers and other experts worked to incorporate the new requirements into state standards. Committee members hoped their work would inspire teachers to think more critically about how they frame their lessons.

But when the draft standards were made public last November, the Conservatives reacted strongly.

“I think it will be harmful for children to learn to group people together based on their skin color or their sexuality and then assume they understand their values ​​and their character,” said Pam Benigno, director education policies for the Independence Institute, in an interview earlier this year.

Benigno said a different committee could have come up with standards that “leave students with a complete history of America but also feel inspired by the progress we’ve made.”

The State Council received thousands of comments on the standards. While supportive comments outnumbered critics, opponents outlined the standards in no-nonsense terms: They would divide Americans by group and introduce children to sex from an early age. Board chair Angelika Schroeder, a Democrat from Boulder, expressed concern that the state was putting itself at odds with the values ​​of many parents.

The debate echoed those unfolding in state houses and school board meetings across the country.

Members of the standards committee, in response to feedback, have published new draft standards that refer to “diverse groups” and “diverse perspectives,” but rarely mention which groups by name.

This decision triggered its own reaction. Lawmakers warned the Council of State that they were violating the intent of the legislation. Gay youth and their parents, teachers and friends told the State Board that knowing that gay, lesbian and transgender people have always been part of society and that their families were treated as normal would have made a huge difference to their mental health.

“This is a real opportunity to advance educational equity for all students,” said Meredith Gleitz, policy manager for One Colorado, an LGBTQ advocacy group. “There is substantial research that shows that when young people see themselves reflected in the program, it has a significant impact on their mental health, their behavioral health, their studies.”

The Latino Education Coalition and the Latino Action Council have made restoring specific references to ethnic and racial groups and LGBTQ people an election priority.

“We are very concerned that they will eliminate this story,” said Milo Marquez, a leader of both groups. “How can we expect students to engage when they discover people who are unlike them? »

Specific examples could support more inclusive teaching

Democratic members Escárcega and Karla Esser propose restoring many specifics to the standards.

In first grade, rather than discussing “what makes a culture unique,” teachers could encourage students to “discuss the common and unique characteristics of different cultures, including African American, Latino, American Asian descent, Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, Indigenous peoples, LGBTQ and religious minorities, using multiple sources of information.

In fifth grade, rather than asking, “How have omissions in historical records shaped our understanding of history?” teachers would also be encouraged to ask, “Which voices have been excluded from the process of establishing the United States government?”

“It sets a baseline for what everyone should know and it allows districts that want to go above and beyond to do so,” Escárcega said.

Escárcega said she has been deeply influenced by the testimonies of young LGBTQ people and hopes that recognizing their place in society can contribute to safer and more welcoming school environments.

Gleitz of One Colorado said teachers need those specific references in the standards to defend themselves if a parent questions why they’re highlighting black perspectives or teaching a trailblazer who was LGBTQ.

Mark agrees. “Superintendents [in conservatives areas] say they can’t implement it because their school board doesn’t believe in it. This creates equity for all of our students. By making this mandatory, it allows all of these communities to do so.

Sam Westerdale, an American history teacher at Rangeview High School in Aurora who served on the standards committee, said she sees students eager for more diverse perspectives and hopes the new social studies standards will foster that. When she was a student, she rarely saw her mother’s Latina identity portrayed.

The committee also did not want to overwhelm teachers with too many content requirements and sought to create standards that would balance the positive and negative aspects of American history.

“We were doing our best for a balanced and objective tone,” she said. “It’s a job for the whole state. It’s not just about you or your district. It’s for everyone.

Genocide standards inaccurate and need change, committee says

Teachers who helped write the Colorado history standards, including Westerdale, are appalled at the final form the genocide standards took under Durham’s influence and that efforts to improve the standards by adding the word Nazi alongside the party’s full name, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, still retained much of Durham’s preferred language referring extensively to socialist governments.

In a letter to members of the Council of State, the history teachers wrote that the standards prescribed teaching inaccurate history – “a precedent which is terrifying for a number of reasons” – in describing past atrocities committed by the Chinese government as genocide when they do not. meet common definitions of the term. Moreover, the standards ignore that “the majority of genocides were committed by far-right fascist leaders or groups.”

Committee members asked the Council of State to seriously consider their original recommendation that students should learn about the Holocaust and genocides in Armenia, Ukraine, Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Darfur and on the modern genocide of the Uyghurs, as well as “other acts of mass violence such as the political, economic and social policies of Joseph Stalin and the cultural revolution of Mao Zedong and the great famine which resulted from it.”

It is unclear whether the norms of genocide will change, but several council members want to reopen the discussion. Democrat Rebecca McClellan has two amendments, one to add the word “fascist” before the name of the Nazi party to clarify their political leanings and another to restore references to Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur that were lost when the council accepted Durham’s preferred language. .

Schroeder, the chairman of the board, suggested adding references to “19th century genocides” and specifically the Sand Creek Massacre, in which US troops raided an Arapaho and Cheyenne encampment consisting of largely women, children and elders early in the morning, killing over 200 and committing other atrocities.

State Senator Julie Gonzales, who sponsored legislation requiring more inclusive social education, said she was shocked to see the standards deviate so much from her intent and proud of how the community has rallied together. to champion the value of more diverse perspectives.

“The tenor of the debate showed me that we have to watch these debates very closely,” she said. She hopes the State Board “does the right thing, adopts social studies standards that comply with the law, and provides students in Colorado with the opportunity to learn an inclusive and true story from people who have contributed to the welfare of our state and our nation.

Bureau Chief Erica Meltzer covers education policy and politics and oversees Chalkbeat Colorado’s education coverage. Contact Erica at [email protected].

read more
History organization

Railroad History Buff Presents at Upcoming Nanaimo Historical Society Meeting

A railroad history buff will discuss the challenges of building a railroad on Vancouver Island in the 1880s at the upcoming meeting of the Nanaimo Historical Society. (Photo submitted)

Railroad History Buff Presents at Upcoming Nanaimo Historical Society Meeting

Mike Bonkowski discusses the rise and demise of the E&N Railroad

The next guest speaker from the Nanaimo Historical Society will show how sections of the now overgrown and silent E&N Railroad negotiated mountain ranges, rivers, hills, ravines and railroad crossings.

In his presentation, “E&N Railroad: Obstacles and Challenges Still Visible Today,” Mike Bonkowski will talk about the two-year project to build the original 115-kilometre stretch of railroad between Victoria and the coal mines around Nanaimo in 1886, how the railroad then expanded to Courtenay, Lake Cowichan and Port Alberni in the years after Dunsmuir sold the track to the Canadian Pacific Railway and how the railroad began to fail economically.

Bonkowski is a longtime Nanaimo resident who enjoys walking through railroad history and photographing and filming today’s scenes along the railroad.

The next monthly historical society meeting will be November 10 at 7 p.m. at the Bowen Park Activity Center.

For more information, visit

[email protected]
Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter

the story

Create a free account today and get top headlines delivered to your inbox Monday through Saturday.

read more
History organization

Risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in patients with diabetes and a history of acute pancreatitis: a nationwide cohort study

In this large-scale, national cohort study, the independent risk of stroke, MI, and mortality was significantly higher in diabetic participants with a history of AP compared to those without a history of AP at 10-year follow-up . Adjusted HRs were 1.5 to 2.4 after controlling for important confounding variables. The results of this study suggest that active management of cardiovascular risk factors is necessary in diabetic patients with a history of AP.

A recent similar large-scale cohort study reported that the adjusted RR for acute cardiovascular disease was 1.76 (95% CI, 1.47-2.12) in patients with AP, which is comparable to our result.5. However, unlike our study, the report did not adjust for important confounders such as smoking and alcohol. Additionally, the report did not consider the temporal sequence of AP and CVD onset over the research period, making it difficult to assess causality. In contrast, our study shows possible causation because we constructed a separate cohort of diabetic patients with a history of AP but no CVD, and also performed follow-up to assess CVD incidence or death over a long period. Another similar cohort study suggested that the risk of acute coronary syndrome is higher in patients with a first PA than in those without PA (adjusted HR 2.46, in diabetic patients)6. The study also showed that about a third of acute coronary syndromes developed within a month of the onset of AP. However, the study did not include a latency period, which implies the possibility of including many CVD patients before AP. Additionally, the study also did not adjust for important factors such as smoking or BMI.

AP is an acute systemic inflammatory process that is associated with variable involvement of one or more organ systems to varying degrees11. In particular, the cardiovascular system can be affected at all stages of AP, including hemodynamic, cardiac rhythm and pericardial changes. Therefore, fluid resuscitation is important in the early stages of AP12,13,14. AP is also known to be associated with microcirculation disturbances15. These changes are hypothesized to play an important role in short-term cardiovascular outcomes and may affect the occurrence of CVD through long-term atherosclerosis.5. The release of several inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and monocyte chemoattractant protein chemokines-1 in the process of PA16 may be associated with the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis17.18. However, further research is needed to elucidate the exact mechanism.

As shown in Table 1, insulin or additional antidiabetic agents are often required for diabetic patients with a history of AP. This suggests that BP may be associated with the level of endocrine dysfunction, which appears to affect the severity of diabetes, which in turn may increase CVD risk. A previous meta-analysis showed that prediabetes and/or diabetes were observed in 37% of individuals after AP, with a relative risk of 2.7 at 5 years after diagnosis.19. As a result, a large portion of diabetic participants with a history of AP could belong to pancreatogenic or type 3c diabetes.20. However, it is difficult to confirm the causal relationship between AP and diabetes in our study, as we identified diabetic participants who had a history of AP at baseline.

Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that the highest HR was all-cause mortality (2.353), followed by MI (1.998) and stroke (1.534) from Model 5 (Table 2 ). The simple sum of the incidence rate per 1000 person-years for cardiovascular disease was 16.76 and that of all-cause mortality was 34.88 among participants with a history of AP. Therefore, it is expected that other contributing factors to mortality other than CVD clearly exist. Although we were unable to investigate the cause of death for each patient, some patients may have died of various malignant neoplasms known to increase with diabetes, particularly the increased risk of pancreatic cancer after a diagnosis of AP.21. Additionally, some patients may have died from other life-threatening complications of diabetes such as infection or end-stage renal failure.22. Interestingly, subgroup analysis showed that mortality was higher in younger participants (23. It is known that the mortality rate is higher when AP progresses to CP24, and thus several factors associated with the AP-CP sequence may have greatly contributed to the increased mortality in young participants in our study. However, as the occurrence of CP was not assessed as an outcome in our study, it was difficult to determine the substantial impact of CP.

In fact, the risk of CVD was higher in patients with CP (adjusted RR, 3.42) than in those with AP (adjusted RR, 1.76) in the aforementioned study.5. An increased risk of CVD in patients with CP has also been reported in other studies, with a range of 1.27 to 1.45325,26,27. However, caution should be exercised in interpreting the results due to the heterogeneity of CP patients. With respect to research based on claims data such as our study, it is highly likely that true CP patients cannot be correctly identified using diagnostic codes alone. In our view, a more careful operational definition is needed to perform the so-called big data study for CP. Accordingly, we recognized that it was difficult to define CP as a study outcome.

There are several limitations to our study. First, results may vary depending on the etiology and severity of AP, which was not taken into account in our study. This is a somewhat intrinsic limitation of the NHIS database. Second, as mentioned above, participants who develop diabetes after AP are likely to be diagnosed with type 3c diabetes rather than T2DM. However, it was difficult to identify the number of these participants included in this study. Third, the medications administered to our participants were not taken into account. In diabetic patients, drugs such as antithrombotic agents28.29 or metformin5.30 may affect cardiovascular outcomes and mortality. Fourth, we did not assess other conditions such as angina, heart failure, or peripheral arterial disease that fall under the category of cardiovascular disease.31. Finally, there were statistically significant differences regarding several characteristics of the two groups, such as baseline characteristics including age, BMI, alcohol consumption, and smoking history, which may directly affect cardiovascular disease. . In addition, information on smoking and alcohol consumption obtained from surveys is likely to be underestimated. These factors were difficult to manipulate by matching because there were many risk factors shared by AP and CVD. AP appears to play some role as we were able to obtain significant results even after adjusting for confounders by the Cox proportional hazard ratio method. Nonetheless, the strength of our study is that we presented CVD risk and mortality, adjusting for important confounding variables by long-term follow-up, for history of AP in a relatively uniform and large number of participants. diabetics who have undergone health examinations.

read more
History organization

Your doctor may have given you up if you haven’t been seen in a few years


When Claudia Siegel had a bug in her stomach this year, she contacted her GP to get something to ease her diarrhea. The Philadelphia resident was surprised when she received a message online telling her that because she hadn’t seen her doctor in over three years, she was no longer a patient.

And since he wasn’t accepting new patients, she had to find a new primary care physician.

“I think that’s unconscionable,” Siegel said, noting that many patients may have avoided the doctor’s office in recent years because of the pandemic. “There was no notification to patients that they were about to lose their doctor.”

At the start of the open enrollment period – when people can get health insurance – people should check to see if they are still patients with their doctor, experts say.

It’s shocking to hear that you’ve been kicked out of a doctor’s practice because a few years have passed since your last visit, but the approach isn’t uncommon. How widespread the experiment is, no one can say. But specialists do it too.

The argument for abandoning the occasional patient makes sense. Since many primary care physicians have a waiting list of potential patients, removing those they rarely see opens up windows for patients and improves access for others.

“Most primary care practices are incredibly busy, in part due to pent-up demand due to covid,” said Russell Phillips, director of the Center for Primary Care at Harvard Medical School and general internist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. .

“Even though continuity of care is important, if the patient hasn’t come and we don’t know if he’s coming, it’s hard to give him space,” he said.

A difficult transition to a new doctor

Patients often move or find another doctor when their insurance changes, without telling the practice, experts say. Additionally, doctors may seek to classify people they haven’t seen in a long time as new patients, as their medical, family, and social histories may require tedious updating after a long break. Patient status is one element that determines how much doctors are paid.

Yet the transition can be stressful for patients.

“I can fully understand the patient’s perspective,” said Courtney Jones, senior director of case management at the Patient Advocate Foundation. “You think you have a medical team that you trusted before to help you make decisions, and now you have to find another trusted team.”

Siegel said she rarely went to the doctor, adhering to her doctor father’s advice that people shouldn’t go unless they were sick. She hadn’t been to her doctor’s office in person recently, but Siegel said she corresponded with office staff, including updating them on her coronavirus vaccination status.

After receiving the referral online through the Jefferson Health System patient portal, Siegel called the family practice patient line directly. They told him that three years was the protocol and that they had to follow it.

“I asked, ‘And the patient?’ said Siegel. “They didn’t have an answer to that.”

That was a month before Siegel, who is covered by Medicare’s traditional fee-for-service program, could see a doctor who was accepting new patients. By then, her stomach virus symptoms were gone.

Jefferson Health does not have a policy that patients lose their doctor if they are not seen regularly, according to a statement from spokesperson Damien Woods.

He said, however, “Patients who have not been seen by their provider for three years or more are classified in electronic medical records as new patients (rather than established patients), per Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services guidelines. (CMS). Whenever possible, Jefferson works with these patients to keep them with their primary care provider and offers options for new providers in certain circumstances.

The American Medical Association’s ethical guidelines recommend that doctors notify patients in advance when they are withdrawing from their records so that patients have time to find other doctors.

But the organization, which represents doctors, has no guidance on maintaining a patient panel, AMA spokesman Robert Mills said.

The American Academy of Family Physicians, which represents and advocates for family physicians, declined to comment for this story.

The demand for services is expected to increase

A primary care physician’s patient panel typically includes those who have been seen within the past two years, said Phillips, of Harvard. Doctors may have 2,000 or more patients, studies show. Maintaining an acceptable number of patients is crucial, both for effective patient care and for physicians.

Demand for medical services is expected to continue to outstrip supply over the coming decades as people age and need more care, while the number of doctors retiring increases. According to projections by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by 2034 there will be a shortage of up to 48,000 primary care physicians.

Maintaining a regular relationship with a primary care provider can help people manage chronic conditions and identify new problems early. Regular check-in also helps ensure people receive important routine services such as vaccinations and blood pressure checks, said David Blumenthal, a former primary care doctor who is chairman of the Commonwealth Fund, a research and policy organization.

Healthcare organizations are increasingly working to require physicians to meet certain quality measures, such as managing patients’ high blood pressure or providing comprehensive diabetes care. In this environment, “it could be problematic for physicians to be responsible for the health of patients who don’t see them,” Blumenthal said.

Money is there too. Regular visits are good for a firm’s bottom line.

In general, doctors are not obligated to continue seeing certain patients. A physician may dismiss patients for not following clinical recommendations or for regularly canceling or missing appointments. Belligerent or abusive behavior is also grounds for abandonment of a patient.

In some cases, physicians may be legally liable for “patient abandonment,” a form of medical malpractice. State rules vary, but there are common elements. These rules generally apply when a doctor harms a patient by dropping him suddenly at a critical stage of treatment. It would generally not apply if a patient has not seen the doctor for several years.

Even if the quiet abandonment of a rarely seen patient has no immediate medical consequences, patients should be informed, experts said.

“That’s really good customer service to explain the situation,” said Rick Gundling, senior vice president of the Healthcare Financial Management Association, an organization for finance professionals. As for Siegel, he said: “This woman should not be left hanging. If you are the patient, the doctor must be proactive.

This article was produced by Kaiser Health News, a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, an endowed nonprofit organization that provides information on health issues to the nation.

read more
History organization

Homer author Tom Kizzia named Alaska historian of the year

Tom Kizzia at Homer’s Pratt Museum in fall 2021. (Photo courtesy of Jeremy Pataky/Porphyry Press)

A Homer resident has been named the 2022 Historian of the Year by the Alaska Historical Society.

Tom Kizzia is a journalist and author who came to the Kenai Peninsula nearly five decades ago. He spent three years at the Homer News in the late 1970s before joining the Anchorage Daily News, where he worked for 25 years.

He has written about everything from the history of the Kenaitze Indian tribe to the failed effort to bring Jewish refugees to Alaska before World War II to the cowboys at the head of Kachemak Bay. He is also the author of three books, including “The Wake of The Unseen Object”, “Pilgrim’s Wilderness” and, most recently, “Cold Mountain Path”.

Kizzia’s award, officially known as the James H. Ducker Historian of the Year Award, is named after longtime Alaskan professor James Ducker, who for 30 years served as the journal’s editor-in-chief. Alaska Historical Society, Alaska History.

KBBI’s Hope McKenney sat down with Kizzia on Tuesday to discuss her writing, inspiration, and what’s next.


Tom Kizia: One of the things that made Alaska really exciting for me, right out of college where I was sort of majoring in American studies and history and American literature, was that everything was so new and fresh, and all these big decisions were being made that had been made in other states. It seemed like if I was a reporter in another state, I would be in a group of reporters trying to cover some additional decisions. And here huge decisions were being made, and there were no other journalists around to write about it. So I really felt like it was a historical moment that I was writing about. And it was with a sort of sense of this sweep of history that I was looking at – the native land claims and the building of the pipeline and the creation of all the national parks here. All these things that were happening in the 70s when I came here. It was a really exciting time, the creation of the Permanent Fund, limited entries, huge decisions, and I felt like history was being shaped.

And so, you know, there’s this cliché about journalism, that it’s the first draft of the story. I really felt like I was writing almost as a historian, or providing information for future historians. So I’ve always had that interest. And then over time, as I started to realize, even though it’s a new state, it has a rich, deep past, and I would find stories in that past to start telling. So while I was looking for good stories to tell, some of them belonged to the past. And these are the ones that I liked to dig up and I had the indulgence of the newspapers to let me do that.

Hope McKenney: So you just received the 2022 Historian of the Year Award from the Alaska Historical Society. Why did you receive this award? Tell me a bit about “Cold Mountain Path”, and also about your journalism in Alaska that led to this moment?

Tom Kizia: Well, you know, my previous book was the one about the Pilgrim family, “Pilgrim’s Wilderness.” And it was at McCarthy, in the early years of this century. And I had included a few chapters about how we got here in McCarthy, kind of a ghost town decade, which made my first draft of this book, and my editor in New York thought that was slowing down the momentum family history, which was kind of a page-turner. And so they made me boil it down to a page or two. So I pulled this information out, I kind of wanted to find him a home. And when I read those deleted chapters in McCarthy, when I had a public reading, everyone wanted to know more. So I undertook to do a second book about those ghost town years. And that was the origin of the “Cold Mountain Path” project. And it was a bigger project than I expected. But it was, you know, a local story, but it was a locality that had all these sorts of mythical overtones, and so I tried to work some of that into the book as well. And it was really great.

You know, we just published it last year, it was published by Porphyry Press, which is a publisher out of Alaska, just starting out there. And the welcome was great. And I think the book seemed to capture for people something about ancient Alaska that comes through in our own memory. And one of the reasons I was drawn to the story was that it was a recent enough story that I could still interview people and use my journalistic techniques to write about the story. I didn’t have the secondary sources that we usually have, I was digging everything myself. It was great, great fun and a great challenge.

Hope McKenney: And I would like to hear you talk a bit about your work as a journalist. I mean, you’re such a figure in this state. Your journalism spans nearly five decades at this point. I mean, how does your work as a reporter, as a journalist, inform this historical writing?

Tom Kizia: I do not know. I think one way is that I had developed as a journalist a sense of storytelling, and I was trying to find stories that would have kind of, you know, their own page-turning drama, or at least stories that would transport you to the thumb column of the newspaper page. And then I wanted to take that storytelling quality and apply it to the story. A kind of narrative history as opposed to something that was sort of a dry collection of facts.

Hope McKenney: And so, you have almost five decades of experience as a journalist in this state. You have written three books, now you have received the Historian of the Year award. What’s next for you?

Tom Kizia: What does all this mean? I do not know. I have a lot of things that I want to write. And so a lot of things I still want to write and I’ll do my best to get those things done. But I don’t have a big plan at this point. You know, I think when I came here to work at the Homer News, I thought I was going to write the great American novel. And I don’t feel a great compulsion to attempt that at this point. But maybe I’ll surprise everyone or surprise myself and go in that direction.

read more
History organization

History No Longer a Mystery for the SC Historical Society: Historian Appears at Rotary Club Meeting October 19 | Community News

Landmarks from Palmetto State’s past, such as Eliza Lucas Pinckney and Robert Mills, were brought to life in a presentation given by Scott Stephens of the South Carolina Historical Society (SCHS) at the reunion. of October 18 from the Rotary Club of Summerville. at the Hilton Garden Inn.

The keynote speaker recounted the origins of the SCHS in 1855 resulting from a group of men determining that South Carolina was neglected as far as its position and influence in building the United States.

This movement was led by James Louis Petigru (1789-1863), a former South Carolina attorney general, who was described as something of a diplomat for his ability as a Unionist to have civil discourse with the secessionists of the United States. ‘era.

“They were able to talk openly and openly discuss different issues, talk about their differences, and really respect each other’s opinions,” Stephens recounted while describing Petigru, made famous by his quote stating, “South Carolina is too small to to be a nation and too big to be an insane asylum.”

Petigru at the time found himself trying to promote his home state and South Carolina’s history as the state tried to secede from the Union and that, according to Stephens, had no meaning for the politician and jurist who played a major role in the recodification of state law.

Thus began the Historical Society’s task of collecting artifacts, with its fundamental mission to “collect, preserve, and disseminate information relating specifically to the history of the state in all its departments”.

Since then, Stephens has estimated that his group has compiled over two million items in its collection, many of which can be viewed at the SCHS fireproof building at 100 Meeting Street in Charleston. Some relics date back to the mid-1600s.

Mentioning some of the valuable features of the organization, the SCHS Vice President of Development highlighted a collection of manuscripts from Eliza Lucas Pinckney (1722-1793), a botanist who at the age of 16 years, developed a strain of indigo that grew in the Lowcountry. She had actually taken responsibility for three plantations in the area and would then go on to grow another variety of indigo in the upstate.

Indigo would become the colony’s third-largest export crop by the mid-1700s.

Stephens went on to fill Summerville Rotarians on Pinckney’s notable lineage, as she was the mother of Charles Coatesworth Pinckney, who signed the Declaration of Independence and Thomas Pinckney, one of the state’s first governors and the first ambassador to Britain.

His son, Thomas Pinckney Jr (1780-1842) settled just outside of Clemson and formed the first Farm Bureau to lay the foundations of agriculture in that part of the state.

Another notable touched by Stephens was Robert Mills (1781-1855), a native of Charleston, who designed the SCHS fireproof building, as it was the first fireproof building in the country. Mills also designed the first and second Washington Monuments in Baltimore and DC respectively.

“If you drive through the woods of South Carolina,” Stephens claimed, “you’ll find a building that Robert Mills designed in almost every county.”

Sharing a side story about Mills, the former president of the Rotary Club of Greenville noted that when the legendary design master courted his wife, he was looked upon with great derision by his future father-in-law, who – like many in the era – viewed architects as of lower social status, lower than that of a garbage collector.

Stephens invited Rotary members to tour the Fireproof Building and marvel at Mills’ cantilevered staircase, tall windows and 20-inch walls. An upcoming SCHS tour on Nov. 11 will take the public through six to seven churches in downtown Charleston.

For those wishing to delve into history books, Stephens recommended that they go to the Addlestone Library at 205 Calhoun St, where there are approximately 7,000 manuscript collections and more than 8,000 first edition books, as well as 10,000 original images.

A powder horn that once belonged to “Swamp Fox” Francis Marion is one of many notable artifacts in the way it was personally decorated to the finest detail.

“South Carolina has a rich history. Now you can argue that there are a lot of things in our history that we shouldn’t be proud of, but there are a number of things that we should be proud of. Look history for what it is and learning that history,” Stephens assumed.

read more
History organization

Elon University / Today in Elon / Dorothy Roberts speaks about “reproductive justice” at a conference

Roberts, professor of law and sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, delivered the Periclean Scholars guest lecture Thursday night at Whitley Auditorium.

In June, the United States Supreme Court issued a landmark decision with its Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, reversing the reproductive freedom granted with Roe v. Wade in 1973.

Despite how devastating the decision was for human rights, Periclean Scholars guest speaker Dorothy Roberts begs the question: Did we have real reproductive freedom in America before the Dobbs decision?

“One way to look at it is to think about the extent of reproductive freedom we had at the time Roe was decided and subsequent decisions,” said Roberts, a Penn Integrates Knowledge professor and professor of law and Sociology from George A. Weiss University at the University of Pennsylvania, to those who gathered in Whitley Auditorium on October 20 for his lecture, “From Reproductive Choice to Reproductive Justice.”

Roberts, author of “Killing the Black Body” and “Torn Apart: How the Child Welfare System Destroys Black Families and How Abolition Can Build a Safe World”, cited Harris v. McRae, which ruled that Medicaid participating states aren’t required to fund medically necessary abortions, and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, who decided that states could deliberately put obstacles in the way of people seeking to terminate a pregnancy as long as it was not an undue burden.

In the immediate aftermath of this latest ruling, states across the country wasted no time in putting up these barriers, preventing people from exercising what should have been a constitutional right. “Hundreds of laws have been passed, many of which have been passed in recent years, that were very restrictive,” Roberts said. “Is it real freedom if states can pass laws to deliberately prevent you from exercising your right? Usually, we think that if we have a right, that means our government officials shouldn’t be able to stop us from exercising it. But it was different in this type of law.

More broadly, Roberts explained how throughout American history there has been a lack of true reproductive freedom. From the reproductive servitude of black women during slavery to the forced sterilization during the 19th and 20th centuries that still occurs today, at no time have all women in America had complete control over their bodies.

Dorothy Roberts at the Periclean Scholar Guest Lecture on Thursday, October 20.

Roberts said there are many bias policies in the United States based on the idea that black women’s fertility is a biological threat to their children, their communities and the nation. Despicable stereotypes and derogatory terms, such as “feel good queen” or “cracked babies” – which research has consistently discredited as mere myth – have been pushed by many major news outlets and led to the implemented many harmful policies, including the prosecution of pregnant women. Black women who used drugs and the end of federal welfare law.

Referencing editorials from the Philadelphia Inquirer and the Houston Post, Roberts illustrated how many people thought black children were going to be biologically disadvantaged by their mothers. “This author [of the Houston Post editorial] does not say that this biological underclass is caused by structural racism. They say this biological underclass of black children is caused by their mothers,” she said.

“Half of black children in America are born into poverty. A shameful figure that the nation should be ashamed of,” she continued. “But instead they say, ‘Well, it’s not the fault of the inequality in our country. It’s because their mothers have too many babies.

Roberts argued that to overcome these injustices, we need to think about them not only through a humanist lens but also through an abolitionist lens. Asking what we need to change and what we need to build is the starting point for having a society where true freedom can be a reality and not just a theory.

“If we think about how to join the movements for social change – the movement for family justice, for the abolition of prisons, for reproductive justice, for economic justice, for environmental justice – all of this is essential to build a society where people can truly have autonomy over their lives. body,” she said. “Truly thrive in our society without the kinds of policies and images that devalue anyone’s ability to have children.”

The Periclean Scholar Invited Lecture is the result of the work of the Periclean Scholars Class of 2024. This cohort of Periclean scholars focused on promoting anti-racism initiatives and were interested in bringing Roberts to Elon for his work on equity in reproductive justice. To that end, they wrote an Excellence Fund grant and collected sponsorships, said Vanessa Drew-Branch, faculty mentor for the Scholars. “They’re not interested in fairness for fairness, they’re trying to make a difference on campus, in Alamance County and eventually in Morocco once we start working there.”

Pericles Project Director Mat Gendle said this cohort of scholars actively reached out to various groups and organizations to make the event possible to further the mission of the Pericles Project.

“The overall mission is to help our students learn to do ethical, appropriate, and impactful community work with community partners. And I think having Dr. Roberts come to Elon supports the broader mission of the Class of 2024,” Gendle said, “to try to engender and increase the constructive conversation on our campus about what the Against racism.

The Periclean Scholar guest lecture was part of the Elon University Speaker Series, presented by North Carolina public radio WUNC. This year’s lecture series explores the theme “Living well in a changing world”.

read more
History organization

DC United fires general manager Lucy Rushton


DC United on Wednesday sacked chief executive Lucy Rushton after two seasons, including a 2022 campaign that ended with the worst record in MLS.

Rushton, originally from England, became the second female general manager in league history when United hired her from the Atlanta organization in early 2021. She has worked closely with manager Dave Kasper longtime DC general who, upon Rushton’s arrival, became the club’s sporting director and chairman. football operations.

“The club’s performance on the pitch this season was unacceptable,” co-chairmen Jason Levien and Steve Kaplan said in a statement. “We owe it to our supporters, our players and our great community to compete at a high level. We are focused on building leadership that will work closely with Wayne Rooney and our management team to create a team that will once again compete at the top level of Major League Soccer.

“In order to accomplish this and grow as a club, we felt it was necessary to make this decision and bring in new leadership.”

Kasper will remain in his post, said people familiar with the situation who spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to discuss the matter. The club have hired a search firm to identify a replacement for Rushton. His successor would work alongside Kasper rather than under him, these people said.

Wayne Rooney, the former star player turned United manager mid-season, is expected to be part of the process.

United finished 7-21-6, one of the worst records in their 26-year history. The campaign was marred by a coaching change at the start of the season – Hernán Losada was sacked six games in his second year, and assistant Chad Ashton took care of caretaker duties until Rooney’s appointment – and multiple unbalanced defeats. The season ended with a four-game losing streak and a six-game winless rut.

United, which won the MLS Cup four times between 1996 and 2004, missed the playoffs three consecutive years and haven’t won a playoff game since 2015.

Following a 5-2 loss to FC Cincinnati in the Oct. 9 season finale, Rooney suggested the organization would make changes not only to the roster but also to personnel.

“It’s a lot of work for us now to make sure we bring in the right players, we bring in the players who are going to develop the squad,” he said. “There are small changes in the squad that also need to happen – which will happen.”

Rushton, who served as Atlanta’s video and technical analysis manager for five years, said by text Wednesday that she did not wish to comment. Levien, Kaplan and Kasper declined to comment, a club spokesperson said.

Before United signed Rushton, the only female MLS general manager was Lynne Meterparel with San Jose in 1999-2000, but she had more business responsibilities than influence on the roster.

Rushton’s dismissal came as she was negotiating new player contracts and working with Kasper and Rooney on roster decisions.

She wasn’t the only change on Wednesday. Performance director Victor Lonchuk, who worked closely with the coaching staff on player preparation, has also been sacked, United have announced. He had been hired by Losada in March.

Ashton, an assistant since 2007, will be reassigned within the organization, and assistant Nicolás Frutos, who was hired by Losada, will not return next season, people familiar with the situation have said.

United are looking for an experienced assistant, preferably with MLS knowledge, to join Rooney’s staff. Rooney will choose from a number of candidates put forward by the front office, said a person who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter.

read more
History organization

Regular Press Conference by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin on October 17, 2022

CCTV: In recent days, leaders of many countries and international organizations have sent messages and letters to Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, to express their congratulations on the the opening of the 20th CPC National Congress. Do you have a comment on this?

Wang Wenbin: As you said, in recent days, leaders of many countries and international organizations have sent messages and letters to President Xi Jinping, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, to extend congratulations to him on the opening of the 20th CPC National Congress. They noted that the 20th National Congress will mark a new stage in the cause of socialist construction in China and expressed their belief that under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its center, China will successfully realize its national revival. They stressed the importance they attach to relations with China and stressed China’s role as a champion of world peace, security, multilateralism and a just and equitable international order and as a important driver of the global economy. They hailed China’s efforts to enhance win-win cooperation between countries through the Belt and Road Initiative and expressed their readiness to consolidate and further deepen friendship and partnership with China. China.

Those who are committed to the welfare of the world can always find friends all over the world. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its heart, China has resolutely pursued peaceful development, called for building a new type of international relations characterized by mutual respect, fairness and justice and win-win cooperation and have advanced the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. China has always been a force for world peace, a contributor to global development and a defender of international order. China has provided its ideas and solutions to solve major global problems and helped build consensus and synergy to advance human development and progress. All of this has been widely recognized around the world. Multiple international polls show that China’s role is welcomed by much of the world, especially developing countries. UN Secretary-General António Guterres hailed China as an indispensable and trustworthy life force in promoting world peace and development.

In the new journey of building a modern socialist country in all respects, the CPC will stick to its founding mission of realizing people’s happiness, national rejuvenation and human progress with unswerving conviction, and lead the Chinese people in this great renewal enterprise united as one. Meanwhile, we will always regard China’s development as part of human development, share development opportunities with other countries, and continue to work with the rest of the world to advance the building of a community with a shared future for China. humanity and create new, greater contributions to world peace and common development.

China News Service: Today marks the 30th International Day for the Eradication of World Poverty and the ninth National Day for the Eradication of Poverty in China. In a report delivered to the 20th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping noted that the past decade has marked three major events of great immediate impact and profound historical significance for the cause of the Party and the people, including including the historic feat of eradicating absolute poverty and completing the construction of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. What does China’s success in eradicating absolute poverty mean for the country and the world?

Wang Wenbin: The eradication of poverty is a long-held dream of the Chinese people and a centuries-old pursuit of mankind.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its heart, we have won the greatest battle against poverty in human history, and once and for all , solved the problem of absolute poverty in China. . China has achieved the Sustainable Development Goal of ending poverty ten years ahead of schedule and has notably reduced the global poverty rate, thus making a significant contribution to the cause of poverty reduction in the world.

China is not only a model and a pioneer in global poverty alleviation, but also an advocate and participant in global poverty alleviation cooperation. The World Bank has projected that the Belt and Road cooperation will lift 7.6 million people out of extreme poverty and 32 million people out of moderate poverty in relevant countries by 2030. China has launched the Global Development Initiative (GDI) and is committed to a development-oriented and people-centered approach. China released its first list of projects covering areas such as poverty alleviation and food security, launched an international NGO network for poverty alleviation cooperation, and established the Global Alliance for of poverty and development. All measures aim to promote the sharing of experiences in poverty reduction and to promote global cooperation in poverty reduction.

On the path to the pursuit of happiness, no country or nation should be left behind. China will continue to put people first and uphold the common interests of mankind. We will advance and actively participate in global cooperation on poverty reduction and development, and work with the international community to bring ideas and strength to building a community with a shared future for humanity.

Bloomberg: Politico has reported that Chinese officials are blocking US efforts to set the agenda for a face-to-face meeting between President Xi and President Biden on the sidelines of the G20 summit. Does the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have any comments?

Wang Wenbin: I believe you may have noticed that the US has already said the story is wrong.

The Paper: It is reported that on October 17, the Japanese leader and some political dignitaries sent ritual offerings to Yasukuni Shrine on the occasion of the shrine’s autumn festival, and some Cabinet members visited the shrine. Do you have a comment?

Wang Wenbin: China firmly rejects Japan’s negative measures regarding the Yasukuni Shrine and has made solemn demarches to the Japanese side. We urge the Japanese side to sincerely acknowledge its statements and commitments to frankly confront and reflect on its history of aggression, frankly break with militarism, and earn the trust of its Asian neighbors and the international community as a whole. through concrete actions.

Reuters: South Pacific defense ministers will meet in Tonga on Tuesday as Australia seeks a closer military relationship with the three island nations that have defense forces to counter China’s security push in the region. What is the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s comment on this?

Wang Wenbin: We hope military cooperation between relevant countries will promote regional peace and stability and not target any third parties.

CCTV: The 20th CPC National Congress is being held. More than 2,000 delegates from all walks of life fulfill their duties. Some comments went, the election of delegates demonstrated how fully democracy is practiced. What’s your comment ?

Wang Wenbin: The election of delegates to the 20th CPC National Congress is an important part of preparing for the 20th CPC National Congress. Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its heart, the preparation has been thoughtful and meticulous. A total of 2,296 high-calibre delegates were elected by 38 electoral units across the country. Their composition is well structured, and they come from a broad spectrum. They embody the good qualities that CPC members represent in the new era. For the first time ever, the 20th CPC National Congress openly solicited the opinion of the whole party and society on the work related to the National Congress. More than 8.5 million suggestions and comments in various fields were collected, thus laying an important foundation for the success of the congress.

The preparation for the National Congress is a great example of combining the need to follow the Party’s leadership and the practice of democracy, illustrating how the Party gives full play to democracy within itself and follows the mass line. The international community has high expectations for the 20th CPC National Congress and praises the preparation. Experts and scholars from countries such as Tanzania, Jordan, Kazakhstan and Pakistan shared the view that the CCP is fully aware of the importance of serving the people and that its policy-making is based on knowing what the public thinks, and evaluates a policy by examining whether it serves the interest of the people and the development and progress of the country. They view the Chinese governance system as an achievement of democratic centralism which has led China to unprecedented achievements.

General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed that people’s democracy is the life of socialism and what is the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country. Chinese democracy has come a long way, from “bean voting” in the Shaan-Gan-Ning border region during the Yan’an period to the successful preparation of the 20th CPC National Congress. We believe that the excellent delegates to the National Congress representing the more than 96 million CPC members, who have gone through a rigorous electoral process, will pool the will of the Party, live up to the expectations of the people, and bring new, important contributions to the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country and the full realization of the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Bloomberg: The Financial Times reported that a document prepared by the EU’s external service advises members to diversify supply chains outside of China. Does the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have a comment?

Wang Wenbin: Global industrial and supply chains, as they currently exist, are the result of the combined force of the market and the choices of companies. The arbitrary imposition of restrictions for political purposes disrupts international cooperation and destabilizes industrial and supply chains. It is not conducive to the development of industries and does not serve the interests of any country.

China and the EU are partners, not rivals. Our economies are closely linked and highly complementary. Our cooperation far exceeds the competition. As the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, noted the other day, Chinese commodities have done much better and much more to contain inflation than all central banks combined. . We hope the European side will view China-EU cooperation objectively, expand common interests and contribute to the stability of global industrial and supply chains.

read more
History organization

Interview with Man Utd legend Andy Cole about Black History Month 2022

The Treble winner, 51 today, speaks passionately about the role models and influence of black players in an in-depth conversation with club journalist Sam Carney which you can read below.

Cole is particularly attached to the lack of opportunities for black coaches and managers in English football, pointing to the fact that his great friend Dwight Yorke has been unable to find his way home. As Andy explains, Yorkie’s eventual chance came from the other side of the world with Australian club Macarthur FC and, like all Reds, he was delighted to see him win a domestic cup earlier this month .

Watch or read the full interview with Coley here…

First of all Andy, can you sum up how important Black History Month is and who were your black role models when you were growing up?
“Yes, it’s very important and I agree that we deserve more than a month, but that’s the way it is. He’s very important. I think you still look up to your dad as a role model because, in the end when you grow up he is the provider so I would say my dad who passed away in June In terms of football Cyrille Regis was my biggest inspiration and he was one of the reasons I wanted to playing football. We all have role models and he was definitely mine.

And were there people like John Barnes and maybe Ian Wright later on?
“I think John is a big part of the idol of the younger generation, younger than my generation, but I respect John 100%. I think he was a fantastic player. But for me it was more Cyrille Regis Wrighty is more of a friend, obviously I look up to him and what he’s accomplished in his career as well, but my role model was Cyrille Regis.

read more
History organization

Members of the historical society take a walk through time at the former wartime airfield at Sawbridgeworth

A team from the city’s historical society explored one of the city’s most fascinating historical gems on foot.

Members of the Sawbridgeworth Local History Society, led by Elizabeth Waugh, scoured the nettles and rubble looking at what was once a 43-acre site with three runways, defense emplacement and combat headquarters.

History society founder Theo van de Bilt told India that seven members of the East Herts Aviation Society and others brought a deep understanding of the maps that “imposed the past on the present”. He added that the paintings by Eric Ravilious, the war artist attached to the site in 1942, were called the color record of the time.

Members of the local Sawbridgeworth History Society took a walk back in time at the town’s old airfield (59832236)

“There was a free and friendly exchange of information on a day when the big, bright blue sky and puffy clouds could have been painted by Ravilious,” said Theo adding, “Thank you to landowner David Morris for the access.”

A Zoom lecture in 2021 by Elizabeth Waugh revealed the airfield was first used during World War I, known as Matham’s Wood and from 1916 to 1918 it became a night landing ground for the 39th Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps, which defended London against high altitude German bombers and airships.

After 1918 the airstrips were removed and the area reverted to farmland, but from 1937 the airfield, then known as Matham’s Wood Advanced Landing Ground, was reinstated and improved and became a training center. From 1940 it was extended to three tracks eventually housing 1,000 people. The name RAF Sawbridgeworth originated when Wing Commander Geddes began using this title to direct correspondence in 1940.

Members of the local Sawbridgeworth History Society took a walk back in time at the town's old airfield (59832240)
Members of the local Sawbridgeworth History Society took a walk back in time at the town’s old airfield (59832240)

The next society conference on October 27 will be moderated by Nik Pringle on the two murders that changed the course of policing in Hertfordshire.

read more
History organization

Black History Museum to Go on Trial for Plans for Charlottesville’s Robert E. Lee Monument

A circuit court judge set up a trial on Monday in February as part of a lawsuit to stop a Charlottesville museum from melting down a monument to Robert E. Lee that was removed from city property in 2021.

The bronze statue stood in a Charlottesville park near the downtown mall, before the city council voted to donate the monument to the Jefferson School African American Heritage Center. The organization, which opened in 2013, plans to turn the Confederate monument into a work of public art.

Two organizations that unsuccessfully sought ownership of last year, the 26-foot-tall statue sued the city and Jefferson School to overturn the council’s decision.

Andrea Douglas, executive director of the Jefferson School, met with supporters outside the courthouse ahead of Monday’s hearing.

“We shouldn’t even be here today,” Douglas said. “We should have been able to do what we wanted to do because that’s what we decided for our city.”

Hashim Davis, a teacher at Albemarle High School read a quote from writer and social commentator James Baldwin.

On Monday, Andrea Douglas, executive director of the Jefferson School, speaks to a group of about 50 supporters of the Swords into Plowshares initiative outside Charlottesville Circuit Court. (Photo: Whittney Evans/VPM News)

“Whatever is faced cannot be changed. But nothing can be changed until it is confronted,” he read to a group of about 50 outside Charlottesville Circuit Court, a few blocks from where he stood. found Lee’s statue. He told his supporters that Swords into Plowshares – the Jefferson School’s proposal for the Lee monument – ​​is a show of courage.

“This is an act of relentless determination, and it goes beyond the desecration of statues, but rather is about the consecration of our shared history,” he said. “It’s about actively and courageously facing our future.”

The suing groups want to preserve the statue and claim the process of acquiring the Lee monument violated state antitrust laws.

Last fall, the city approached interested parties to take ownership of the monument. Dozens of organizations expressed interest, but the city settled on the Jefferson School. The Trevilian Station Battlefield Foundation and the Ratcliffe Foundation, which operates the Ellenbrook Museum in Rosedale, said the city does not have the authority to donate a Confederate monument they know will be destroyed.

The organizations asked the court to require the Jefferson School to publicly disclose the statue’s current location, as well as whether it has been taken down or damaged in any way. The court agreed to give the plaintiffs limited access, but refused to release the whereabouts of the statue.

A lawyer for the Trevilian Station and Ratcliffe foundations declined to answer questions after the hearing. Email requests for comment on Monday were not returned by the end of the day.

University of Virginia graduate Paul G. McIntire funded the design and construction of the equestrian statue. Unveiled in 1924, the 12ft by 8ft monument is seen as the impetus for the 2017 Unite the Right rally, which brought hundreds of white nationalists and neo-Nazis to Charlottesville and resulted in the death of activist Heather Heyer .

read more
History organization

The Devon History Society announces the best books of the year

The Devon History Society is pleased to announce this year’s awards for the best books on Devon history, which will be presented at the Society’s AGM on Saturday 8th October. The prices are as follows:

WG Hoskins Award

Winner: Helen Wilson, for The Remarkable Pinwill sisters: from “ladies woodcarvers” to professionals – cover photo attached.

Strongly recommended: Julia Neville, Mitzi Auchterlonie, Paul Auchterlonie and Ann Roberts for Devon Women in Public and Professional Life, 1900-1950: Votes, Voices and Vocations

Local History Society Award

Winner: The Way of the Wharves (Mike Teare, Bob Kirby and Antony Burt), for A History of East-the-Water, Bideford

Academic award

Winner: Devon and Cornwall Record Society (ed. Todd Gray), for The Exeter Cloth Dispatch Book, 1763-1765

Dr Helen Wilson said: “I am delighted to receive the WG Hoskins Prize from the Devon History Society for my book on the Pinwill sisters. It is a welcome acknowledgment of the importance of the Pinwills’ woodcarving business in the history of Devon women. I hope this will highlight their contribution to the betterment of many churches across Devon, such as those in Ermington, Newton Abbot, Manaton and Sheepstor, as well as in Plymouth where they have established their business.

For more information on prices or books, please contact Julia Neville on 01392-461157 or [email protected]

read more
History organization

Democratic Governors Association: Tim Michels’ story to hide his extremism

A new Associated Press report highlights how Wisconsin GOP gubernatorial candidate Tim Michels has a long history of covering up or trying to change his extreme views on major issues, including his support for the 1849 Wisconsin law prohibiting abortion without exception for rape or incest.

For most of the election cycle, Michels has stated vehemently that if elected governor he would support an “exact mirror” of Wisconsin’s 1849 law, he would not pledge to protect contraception, and the latest time he ran for office, he signed a pledge supporting a constitutional amendment that would have banned abortion nationwide.

Now that he has secured his MAGA base, he is trying to back down from his extreme positions and says he would sign a law banning abortion but making exceptions for rape and incest.

For someone who touts himself as a “man of conviction” and a “man who doesn’t waver,” Michels certainly shifts a lot of his stances to hide his extreme views.

“Since entering the race in April, Michels has endorsed Donald Trump for a race in 2024, after initially refusing to endorse anyone; said the state’s bipartisan election commission should be scrapped, after initially saying he wanted to keep it; and started welcoming big dollar donations after earlier saying he wouldn’t take more than $500,” reports the AP.

“The people of Wisconsin deserve better than Tim Michels, who repeatedly tries to trick them into electing him and his radical agenda,” said Christina Amestoy, Senior Communications Advisor at the DGA. “During this time, Governor Tony Evers has consistently shown up and delivered on his promises and the values ​​he has stood for throughout his career, not just for political play. Governor Evers is the only candidate for office governor of Wisconsin who is committed to protecting abortion rights — period.

read more
History organization

The Wickham History Society is holding a free exhibition about old Hampshire village life

VISITORS will be able to take a journey through Wickham’s history with guided walks, experts and books.

The Wickham History Society is hosting the Wickham Village Life Exhibition for a weekend dedicated to what village life was like around the country’s second largest medieval square.

On Saturday October 1 and Sunday October 2, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m., visitors will be welcomed to the Wickham Community Center to step back in time at the free exhibit showcasing agriculture, Chesapeake Mill, the Beverley Babes, Wickham in times of warfare, water meadows and other aspects of village life.

READ MORE: Soroptimist International Winchester celebrates Diamond Anniversary with weekend of public events supporting women’s education

Attendees can book a guided history walk at the exhibition office, departing from the Mill Lane Community Center at 1 p.m. each day.

Roman Wickham, a new guide to Wickham’s growing importance as an ancient Roman settlement following recent archaeological digs, will be available for purchase. Wickham experts will be on hand to answer questions and other local history publications will be on sale.

Society chairman Geoff Philpotts said: “Our past shapes our future, and Wickham is a prime example. The early medieval village square admired by so many visitors is an example of thirteenth century town planning which still works in the 21st century – keeping our village’s businesses and businesses thriving even in today’s tough times.

“The Wickham History Society exhibit shows how our village developed into a thriving community, thanks to a strip of river gravel that forded well in prehistoric times to make another and celebrate our 60th anniversary (Covid delayed) as a company.”

SEE ALSO: Arson attack on children’s play area in Kings Worthy is under police investigation

Wickham History Society, founded in 1960, strives to promote a better understanding of local Wickham history. The active volunteer-run society currently has 90 members and a busy schedule of lectures and local history walks and tours.

Find out more at

read more
History organization

Maldon Society Lecture on the History of the Maldon Railway

A lecture on the history of the Victorian railway and its uses will be held in Maldon.

The Maldon Society has organized the next lecture hosted by Adrian Wright titled By Train to the Seaside terminating at Maldon East Station.

Adrian will reminisce about the history of the old railway and look at old photos and posters from its active days.

A spokesperson for the Maldon Society said: “The development of the Victorian railway made possible the mass migration to English seaside resorts such as Walton, Clacton and Maldon each summer.

“The lecture will be supported by photographic evidence, including nostalgic views of steam-era holiday trains and the colorful posters that adorned the station, enticing families to vacation at rail-served stations.”

READ MORE>>> Company set to plant 96 additional oak trees in memory of Her Majesty

The conference will take place on Thursday 6 October at the Swan Hotel, High Street Maldon.

Drinks can be purchased at the bar and taken to the Cygnet room.

Doors will open at 6:30 p.m. and the meeting will begin at 7 p.m.

A raffle will be held to help raise funds for the Maldon Society and visitors will be asked to donate while members have free entry.

Please email [email protected] or call Dorreen on 01621 853428 to pre-register your intention to come so the committee can arrange seating.

read more
History organization

What is forgotten in the American-Philippine friendship

On the eve of the 50th anniversary of his father’s brutal declaration of martial law, Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. arrived in New York for the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly. As he and President Biden discussed strategy in the South China Sea, a contempt order against young Marcos – ruling that his family must pay $2 billion to survivors of his father’s 14-year unilateral rule under martial law – remains unenforced. And as he delivered a guest address to the New York branch of the Asia Society, activists and victims of human rights abuses by the former Marcos regime are fighting the historic revisionism that led to the resurgence of the family in national politics.

A friendship and a shared history between the two nations have often been the official framework of this binational relationship. On August 5, ahead of the State Department’s official visit to the Philippines, he described the partnership as one of “friends, partners and allies”, based on “people to people” ties, exemplified by the great Filipino community in the United States. But such euphemisms effectively concealed the brutal realities on which this relationship was based: the colonization of the archipelago by the United States. This erasure continues to shape silences in the relationship, hampering fights for justice and redress across the Pacific.

In 1896, after more than 330 years of colonization by Spain, the natives of the archipelago took up arms against their colonial rulers in what became known as the Philippine Revolution. In 1898, taking advantage of the rapid decline of the Spanish Empire, the United States offered military assistance to revolutionaries in Cuba and the Philippines, promising the insurgents that it, a growing world power, would recognize independence movements led by the natives.

This series of interventions led to the Spanish–American War between April 21 and August 13, 1898, and the decisive American military victory that followed. However, instead of recognizing the newly declared First Philippine Republic, the United States purchased the former Spanish island colonies in the Treaty of Paris for a total of $20 million. After this betrayal of trust, the leaders of the republic declare war on the United States, their former ally.

What followed was brutality that remains largely erased from American historical memory. During the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), an estimated 20,000 Filipino soldiers and 200,000 to 1 million civilians died before the United States declared the conflict over. Even then, from 1902 to the mid-1910s, revolutionary movements multiplied against the new occupying power. As historians have argued, the Philippine-American War may not have ended in 1902, but rather took on a new name: counterinsurgency.

In 1934, amid a wave of anti-Filipino racism on the West Coast of the United States, Congress passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which capped migration from the Philippines to the mainland United States at 50 people per year. , even though the country was under American domination. .

In exchange, the Philippines would become a Commonwealth, a provisionally autonomous nation for 10 years, before gaining full independence. The following year, in the presence of American and Filipino colleagues, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ratified the 1935 Constitution of the Philippine Commonwealth, modeled on the American Constitution. During World War II, the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, another violent period of colonization declared by an imperial power under the guise of liberation. After evacuating in March 1942, General Douglas MacArthur—who had served as military adviser to the Commonwealth of the Philippines—invaded the island of Leyte in October 1944. In January 1945, the United States again occupied Manila and recaptured its southeast . Asian military and economic outpost.

These war aims foreshadowed U.S.-Philippine foreign relations in the decades immediately following the war. After World War II, on July 4, 1946, the United States granted independence to the Philippines. But the legacy of earlier US involvement in the archipelago has not gone away. Various economic treaties guaranteed that in return for American financial support for post-war redevelopment, the Philippines would grant American companies and citizens the rights to the natural resources of the islands, as well as the free use of the military areas of the archipelago. Indeed, despite formal independence, the Philippines remained a neocolony of the United States.

American colonial art set the legal precedent for the Marcos’ seizure of power. On September 23, 1972, Ferdinand Marcos Sr. declared that the Philippines would be subject to martial law. He pointed to Article VII, Section 10 of the 1935 Constitution, which was still in effect. It granted the president – ​​as commander-in-chief – discretionary powers to declare martial law as a preventive measure against “lawless violence, invasion, insurrection or rebellion”. These provisions stem from the early American colonization of the Philippines, during which military occupation was central to counterinsurgency.

Citing threats to his rule across the political spectrum, Marcos suspended habeas corpus and took control of Congress, granting himself authoritarian powers in perpetuity. Along with martial law, he declared his rule to be a new era in Philippine history, which he called the New Society.

The discretionary powers given to Marcos under martial law were not only about governance, but also applied to all aspects of Philippine society. The regime quickly suspended the free press, imprisoned political opponents of Marcos, and subjected Filipinos to curfews and strict surveillance. Those considered dissidents were tortured and ill-treated; an estimated 70,000 people were imprisoned and around 3,257 victims “disappeared” as a result of extrajudicial executions.

In the 1980s, the grip of the Marcos regime on the Philippines began to decline. The president’s health began to decline, and his wife, Imelda Marcos, became the new figurehead. In 1983, the regime’s popularity plummeted after the assassination of opposition leader Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. After several failed coups and impeachments, through mass mobilization, the People Power Revolution of 1986 ousted Marcos and his family from national politics.

As the citizens of Manila took to the streets in support of his opponent, Corazon Aquino, the Marcos fled the Philippines with the help of their country’s former colonial master, the United States.

Aboard a US Air Force C-130, the Marcos family and their cronies fled the Philippines to Anderson Air Force Base in Guam, then found refuge in Honolulu, another US outpost in the Peaceful. The family took much of their stolen plunder (including jewelry, cash, and rare artwork) with them, and their wealth is now estimated at over $10 billion. Despite litigation, a federal commission to recover stolen wealth, and a $3.9 billion tax bill, most of the money has not been recovered.

Over the years, the United States and the Philippines have maintained their mutually beneficial relationship as “partners.”

On November 20, 2001, two months after the fall of the Twin Towers, President George W. Bush met with Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to fortify US military interests in the Philippines. Citing a strong “people to people” relationship between Filipino Americans’ love of the United States and the Filipino people’s shared commitment to this trans-Pacific partnership, Arroyo said, “Long live the Philippines, and long live the friendship between the United States and the Philippines.

Former strongman President Rodrigo Duterte, who was publicly anti-American and expressed contempt for President Barack Obama, had much in common with his admirer, President Donald Trump. In 2020, Duterte expressed his support for his American counterpart, declaring him to be a “good president [who] deserves to be re-elected. »

And despite the voter fraud and intimidation that facilitated Marcos Jr.’s ascent to the presidency — and widespread protests denouncing the lack of integrity of the electoral process — on May 11, Biden congratulated the new administration on its victory. .

But we must remember that the basis of the US-Philippine “special relationship” is the erasure of colonial history. That on the 50th anniversary of martial law, the United Nations, the Biden administration and the Asia Society welcomed an ill-begotten president with open arms, signaling the strength of this historic amnesia – and the troubling future of Philippine politics and civic life.

The ongoing struggle for justice across the Pacific – for the repressed legacies of America’s campaign of extermination in the Philippines in the early 20th century, for survivors of martial law under Ferdinand Marcos Sr., for victims of executions extrajudicial under the so- called “War on Drugs” – takes place on the battlefield of historical memory. In the interest of redress and social justice, we must remember.

read more
History organization

UK Alumni Association launches oral history project

LEXINGTON, Kentucky (September 23, 2022) — Bringing the University of Kentucky experience to life and uniting alumni across generations are two main aims of the oral history project, led by the UK Alumni Association in partnership with nationally renowned yearbook company Publishing Concepts (PCI).

PCI staff will spend the next few months collecting stories from alumni which will be collated into a British oral history publication to be distributed in September 2023. Alumni will receive a communication which will provide relevant information on how to connect with PCI staff to share their British memories.

“The Oral History Project is essential in helping alumni stay connected to the university and an opportunity to preserve treasured memories,” said Jill Smith, associate vice president for alumni engagement and executive director of the UK Alumni Association. “We appreciate that our alumni take the time to reflect on their time in the UK and help us make this project a success.”

Alumni should ask themselves the following questions when considering memories they wish to share:

  • What made you choose the UK?
  • Has a British teacher or staff member had a profound impact on you?
  • Have relations with the United Kingdom turned into lasting relations?
  • What impact has the UK had on your professional success, relationships and/or life after graduation?
  • Were you on campus during a historic moment?
  • Are there several UK graduates in your family?
  • When you think back to your time in the UK, what makes you smile?

Alumni will be able to share stories as well as photos to include in the post.

Alumni’s participation in the oral history project will also ensure that contact information is up to date so that alumni receive relevant communications from the UK. Participation in the project is free for alumni, but alumni have the option of purchasing the finished product. Personal information is not shared outside of PCI and will be deleted at the end of the project.

For questions about the UK Oral History Project, call PCI at 800-982-1590 or the UK Alumni Association at 800-269-ALUM (2568) or email [email protected] For more information on the project, visit

The UK Alumni Association is committed to fostering lifelong alumni, friend, association and university engagement. For more information about the UK Alumni Association, visit or call 800-269-2586.

read more
History organization

NextFest returns with a two-day celebration of DC music culture

Whether called Meridian Hill or Malcolm X, the rectangular park on the southwest corner of Columbia Heights has been the site of community gatherings for more than a century.

The park’s inhabitants, as once compiled by Washington Post writer David Montgomery, have included “Edwardian strollers, Prohibition revelers, Depression bedrollers, overbearing senatorial wives, football players, drummers , drug dealers, abusers, lovers, writers, martial artists, the National Symphony Orchestra, the Von Trapp Family Singers, Sun Ra, Tito Puente, Angela Davis, Dick Gregory, Bill Clinton.

Since a revitalization in the early 1990s that restored its pre-bad days glory, the park has remained a gathering place for a diverse, if more mundane cast of characters. However, the weight of the park’s history is still present, even if it is unknown to new adoptees. As Steve Coleman – one of the main organizers of the park’s rehabilitation – once said, “The past, the present and the future must be present in the theme of every event.”

That’s certainly the case with NextFest, taking place in and around the park on September 24-25. Presented by CapitalBop, Long Live GoGo and Washington Parks & People, the second annual festival is a celebration of DC’s music culture, with a full day of jazz, funk and go-go performances on Saturdays and classes, discussions and lectures on Sundays.

“NextFest was born out of our desire to celebrate DC’s cultural heritage as a center for black music and black culture, and the recognition that in DC, politics, protests, music and gatherings are always linked,” said Giovanni Russonello, co-founder. and editor of CapitalBop.

For 12 years, CapitalBop has worked to enrich, preserve and promote DC’s jazz scene. When booking shows, the organization has tried to connect younger and older generations both on stage and in the crowd, while bringing music to craft spaces, galleries, rock clubs , theaters, warehouses and more. Often the bills extend beyond jazz to a wider range of sounds and styles, which CapitalBop and other organizers have sought to replicate with NextFest.

“CapitalBop is creating a space where it really displays all the different live music offerings that DC enjoys,” said Justin “Yaddiya” Johnson, founder of Long Live GoGo and co-organizer of the festival. “Live music is definitely part of the region’s DNA.”

Jazz can be more than a set of stylistic rules: it’s a state of mind, a messy community history, music that puts you in a specific place based on the physical experience of listening to it. In DC, CapitalBop and NextFest organizers hear jazz everywhere. And while DC’s musical identity is distinct and powerful, it’s not tied to any particular genre, despite efforts by some to categorize the city’s musicians. Russonello takes Chuck Brown as an example: In his music, the threads of the go-go are impossible to disentangle from inspirations like the blues guitar of Jimmy Reed, the jazz orchestration of Duke Ellington, the funk of James Brown and the soul of Barry. White. This musical tapestry informs NextFest.

“The criteria for booking this festival had not so much to do with genre as with [the question], ‘Is this music about community, and is it a healing force?’ ” he explains.

The Bill for NextFest provides this strength in different ways. There’s New Impressionz, UCB (a band about to celebrate its 25th anniversary), and the Soul Searchers (who started their career as Chuck Brown’s backing band). Veterans including jazz drummer Lenny Robinson and free jazz bassist William Parker and his Heart Trio are scheduled alongside DC soul singer Cecily. Meanwhile, the avant-garde of experimental music is explored by the Freddie Douggie duo of Ben Lamar Gay and Jayve Montgomery and genre agnostics Raw Poetic and Damu the Fudgemunk. And – as they did last year – drummers and dancers from the longtime Malcolm X Drum Circle will keep the beat alive, as they do every weekend.

To connect with the park’s history of activism and education – it was Angela Davis who requested that the park be named after Malcolm X, after all – NextFest also includes a day of culture and conversations at the Josephine Butler Parks Center, which is operated by festival co-presenter Washington Parks & People. The festival is also supported by the DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities and the DC Office of Cable Television, Film, Music and Entertainment as part of its 202Creates effort.

Having the membership of diverse organizations, both non-profit and city-run, not only makes NextFest possible, but speaks to its mission to bring people together and claim space for DC’s black musical heritage.

“It’s not a festival about pushing people out or improving an area or upward mobility,” Russonello said. “It’s a festival about getting as close to the ground as possible and staying in touch with the roots of what has always happened here.”

Concert: September 24 from noon to dusk at Meridian Hill Park, 16th and W streets NW. Musical performances, panel discussions and films: September 25 from 11:45 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. at the Josephine Butler Parks Center, 2437 15th St. NW. The complete program of the two days is available on Free.

Note: An earlier version of this story omitted the last paragraph. This version has been updated.

read more
History organization

No, Jason Bourne is not the real CIA – Harvard Gazette

The work of the CIA is fast and very strong in the popular imagination. It involves high-speed chases, jumping out of planes or off tops of buildings, firefights, and building explosions. In fact, says former CIA officer Alex Finley, “Generally the rule is, if the gun goes out or something goes boom, something has gone horribly wrong in your operation.”

For decades, the agency has played a vital role in US foreign policy decisions, various conflicts and crises abroad, from the blockade of Berlin in 1948 to Russia’s war of aggression in Ukraine. But his entire history and work, especially his successes, are rarely fully seen or clearly understood by the public. Part of that is the agency’s fault and part is simply the nature of the business, former officials and scholars said.

On the agency’s 75th anniversary, retired CIA directors, station chiefs and officers, along with academics and national security journalists gathered for a series of panel discussions to discuss the complex, but vitally important, task of organizing intelligence at a one-day event Friday at the Charles Hotel in Cambridge.

“The mission of the Central Intelligence Agency is to know the truth, not the small truth, not someone’s truth, but the truth of what is, not what you prefer; see beyond the horizon…and empower leaders to act before events dictate,” said Sue Gordon, who spent 27 years at the CIA and served as Senior Deputy Director of National Intelligence at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) from 2017. to 2019.

The agency has “a killer mission” and a very strong institutional culture that resembles a men’s basketball game. “When you’re playing basketball, if you don’t do anything with that goddamn ball, you don’t get it anymore,” Gordon told Paul Kolbe, director of the Belfer Center’s Intelligence Project, which organized the event.

When it comes to today’s challenges, “I think information disorder is the biggest threat we face,” said Gordon, now the Intelligence Project’s principal investigator. At a time when information and disinformation are flowing faster than ever, the CIA must stay abreast of a rapidly changing technological landscape, especially at its higher echelons. “I think we have to improve.”

The CIA came into being after World War II when the United States undertook a major reorganization of the nation’s military and civilian intelligence apparatus. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act, which created the Central Intelligence Agency to handle national security matters affecting foreign policy.

Over the years, most public perceptions of the CIA have come from spy novels and Hollywood blockbusters, like the Jason Bourne movies and Tom Cruise’s “Mission: Impossible” vehicle.

“Too often Hollywood puts spy shows in the action genre, and the problem is we end up with movies that are about assassinations, car chases and rogue agents,” John said. Sipher, a retired career clandestine CIA officer who now co-owns a production company that vets and develops intelligence-related material for film and television. While entertaining and cinematic, that’s not how things are actually done. “Spy stories are about the human factor, about betrayal, about trust, about flawed individuals in pressure situations, things like that – character-based stories.”

In real life, “If an operator is doing their job right, you’ll never know,” said former CIA officer Finley, author of a series of satirical books about a counterterrorism officer named Victor Caro who works for the CYA.

In pop culture, “the CIA is seen as either total badass, or completely evil and rogue, or some combination, as if they’re totally rogue and badass but in a good way,” he said. she declared.

These fictional depictions, of course, are completely unrealistic, but lifting the curtain on operations and information gathering would require greater transparency than the agency has always been willing — or able — to provide, panelists said. .

Some do a better job than others of succeeding in certain aspects of CIA life, but none are entirely successful, Sipher said.

“Argo,” which won the 2012 Best Picture Oscar, and “Charlie Wilson’s War” more accurately capture aspects of agency life. Other films and shows earning accolades include “Three Days of the Condor,” “The Bureau,” a French series, and, to a lesser extent, “The Americans.”

With so little visibility on the CIA, David Sanger, 1982, National Security Correspondent for The New York Times, interviewed a panel of intelligence historians on some of the agency’s most notable successes and failures.

Due to the inherent sensitivity of CIA operations and the need to protect sources and methods of intelligence gathering, as well as meet classification requirements under the law, the public may never know about some of the accomplishments. most outstanding or heroic officers of the agency, they said.

Michael Morell served as Acting Director and Deputy Director of the CIA between 2011 and 2013 and President George W. Bush’s presidential daily informant on September 11, 2001. He asked historians what metrics they use to assess the CIA’s successes. Nicholas Dujmovic, a clinical professor of intelligence at the Catholic University of America and a former CIA historian, said questions to ask would include, “Were American interests served by this? Were the objectives of the operation achieved or were the decision-makers supported? And also, very important, ‘Are the target people in the country involved? Were they helped in the short or long term? It will change your perspective on whether interfering in the 1948 Italian elections was a good thing to do or not, or restoring the shah to the throne in Iran.

read more
History organization

Welcome aboard, Captain Plew! NavalX has a new director > United States Navy > News-Stories

The ceremony welcomed the new director of NavalX, Captain Casey Plew, who took the reins from Captain Benjamin Van Buskirk. Vice Admiral Frank Morley, Principal Military Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition (ASN RDA), and Rear Admiral Lorin Selby, Chief of Naval Research, attended the event.

“NavalX is a valuable component of ONR that inspires and empowers the naval workforce to rapidly deliver high-impact capabilities across the Department of Defense. [DoD], connecting them with stakeholders in the acquisition ecosystem and leveraging the innovation pipeline,” said Selby. “These stakeholders include the Naval Research and Development Establishment, the Department of the Navy [DoN] and partners from industry and academia.

“It is a pleasure for me to welcome Captain Plew and say thank you and well done to Captain Van Buskirk,” he continued. “Captain. Van Buskirk has done an outstanding job of expanding the capabilities and increasing the influence of NavalX, which has proven to be a disruptive force for good within ONR and the DoN as a whole.

NavalX serves the US Navy and Marine Corps as an innovation and agility cell, supporting and connecting initiatives across the DoD. The organization allows collaboration; accelerates the pace of discovery, learning and experimentation; and promotes the naval workforce’s capacity for innovation and agility. It gives Sailors, Marines and DoN civilians valuable tools, training and resources to solve problems and translate ideas into practical solutions.

This allows naval organizations like the ONR to better meet the needs of warfighters by connecting people who promote innovative ideas with experts who can experiment with those ideas, invest in them, or help turn them into something tangible for the Navy and Marine Corps.

One of NavalX’s most important ways to do this is through its Tech Bridge network, which spans 18 national and international locations. The network is designed to bridge the gap between the DoN and emerging entities such as startups, small businesses, universities, non-profit organizations and private capital that have not traditionally been part of the development process and military acquisition.

“Captain. Van Buskirk has done an outstanding job of transitioning NavalX from a start-up environment to an established organization with codified processes and procedures for innovation,” Plew said. “I look forward to building on the valuable work he has done using these processes to strengthen innovation partnerships, source breakthrough ideas and technologies, integrate them into acquisition requirements, and ultimately deliver them. as abilities to fighters.”

Prior to assuming the Director role, Plew was at NavalX supporting the transition and combining the efforts of the ASN RDA Agility Cell with the efforts of the ONR Technology Acceleration Cell. Prior to that, he served as Commanding Officer of Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division, Virginia.

Plew holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Oregon State University, a master’s degree in national security and strategic studies from the US Naval War College, and a master’s degree in business administration from the Naval Postgraduate School.

He succeeds Van Buskirk, a naval aviator with extensive experience in technological innovation.

During his tenure as head of NavalX, Van Buskirk oversaw impressive growth, including expanding the Tech Bridge network to 18 locations. Most recently, the London Tech Bridge celebrated its grand opening in June.

Van Buskirk also led the transition of NavalX from a small independent organization under the ASN RDA to an entity under the command structure of the ONR. Although still small and under the ASN RDA, Van Buskirk said being part of the ONR gives NavalX a budget, the ability to hire staff and access to legal and contractual services from the ONR. .

“Captain. Plew is the perfect person to scale NavalX and expand its capabilities in the world of acquisition,” said Van Buskirk. “He has two decades of experience as an acquisition professional, has been a resource sponsor, has overseen large budgets and served as a warfare center commander. He brings valuable perspective that will help NavalX take it to the next level. »

read more
History organization

Otter Creek Historical Society raises funds to secure history

OTERVILLE — Hamilton Elementary School in Otterville claimed to be the first free integrated elementary school in the state and possibly the country.

Today, the Otter Creek Historical Society tries to preserve the school, which was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1998, and its history.

“We’re trying to fix it up so it can be used for baby showers and similar events,” company president Sonny Ranken said. “We just take one project at a time.”

Opened in 1836, the school was built from the will of Dr. Silas Hamilton to provide a place for a former slave named George Washington to attend school.

Hamilton was originally from Vermont, but he and his family traveled south and bought a plantation in hopes of showing Southerners that they should treat their slaves like human beings, Ranken said.

“He thought he would have a plantation where he would treat slaves humanely,” Ranken said.

After this failed venture, Hamilton traveled north and freed all of his slaves.

“He ended up having 28 slaves who he then freed in Ohio,” Ranken said.

Only three remained with him – an elderly couple who had worked in his household and a young boy who was essentially an orphan.

On a trip back to Vermont to visit his mother, Hamilton heard a child crying, only to find George Washington alone and in tears after his mother was sold.

Hamilton bought the boy for $100 and began raising him, intending to teach him medical work and send him to do missionary work in Africa.

But Hamilton died when Washington was only 10 years old, his education incomplete.

Instead, Hamilton left $4,000 in his will to complete the task — $2,000 to build a school and $2,000 to hire a teacher, said historical society member Jean Marshall.

“He wanted a place where George could be educated,” Marshall said.

And Washington did.

“George had a wonderful voice and was in the choir,” Marshall said. “He was well liked by everyone in the community…he worked for local farmers and saved all the money he made. He eventually bought his own farm. He was the first black man to buy lands in Illinois.”

When he died, Washington left money to build a monument in Hamilton’s honor, Ranken said, calling it the earliest known memorial left by a former slave to his former master. Washington also was buried next to Hamilton, another probable first.

“He was considered family,” Ranken said.

The rest of Washington’s money went into a fund to provide scholarships for “Americans of African descent.” This fund remains active and is governed by a council in the county of Jersey.

Although the original school building was demolished and rebuilt in the 1870s, the rebuilt school used the original stonework and its floor plan was similar to the school’s floor plan. ‘origin.

This second building served as a school until 1971, when it was closed.

The property on which the school building sits also houses the Hamilton memorial and the original school bell. Hamilton and Washington’s burial site is across the street.

Ranken attended the school before it closed, he said.

Marshall’s husband and children also attended school there, she said.

“We’re very possessive of this school,” Marshall said. “We had so much fun at this school; it was like a community center. When it closed, we were very upset.

Now the company is working to restore the building, including replacing the roof, waterproofing the basement and repairing electrical wiring. The group is still looking to repaint the windows, do some touch-ups, and get internet capabilities into the building.

To raise money for the building, the society will hold its 39th annual Hamilton Elementary School Festival – featuring vendors, activities, tours and entertainment – from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. on September 24 and from noon to 4 p.m. September 25 on the school grounds at 107 E. Main St. A paranormal tour with paranormal group Just Say Boo is also scheduled for September 24.

read more
History organization

Durham Museum pays tribute to John Hope Franklin with History Grove

John Hope Franklin is remembered not only for his groundbreaking historical studies focusing on the black experience in America, but also for his love of plants, especially orchids, one of which is named after him. So it’s fitting that when the Durham History Museum wanted to honor Franklin, it did so by naming a “History Grove” in his honor.

Located in the gardens on the edge of Durham’s Central Park, the grove was dedicated on Sunday in front of more than 50 friends and Durham residents. Franklin joins 14 other Durham notables in having a historic grove named after them.

The museum partners with local organizations to establish small groves of native trees and plants to honor individuals, families and others who have played a significant role in creating our unique community. Each grove contains seats where visitors can pause and reflect, and each site has a marker naming the winner.

A plaque highlighting Franklin’s accomplishments was placed in the garden last spring, but was dedicated last Sunday. Speakers including representatives from the History Museum, NC Central University and Duke.

“Dr. Franklin was originally from Oklahoma, but Durham is where he and his beloved wife Aurelia call home,” said Stelfanie Williams, vice president of Durham and regional affairs. “Dr. Franklin loved nature and cultivated an extensive collection of orchids, even having one named for him and Aurelia. It is therefore very appropriate to be here among the plants and flowers of this Central Park community space. With this, we honor his memory.

Franklin, who died in 2009, was the James B. Duke Professor Emeritus of History and for seven years served as Professor of Legal History at Duke Law School. As a scholar, John Hope Franklin was perhaps best known for his seminal study “From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans” (1947).

Among his many accomplishments, Franklin was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995, in recognition of his lifelong work as a teacher and historian of modern racial barriers. President Bill Clinton appointed him Chairman of the Presidential Race Initiative Advisory Council (1997-1999). In 2002, he received the Gold Medal in History, the highest honor awarded by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2006, he was awarded the John W. Kluge Lifetime Achievement in the Study of Humanity Award by the United States Library of Congress.

To find out more about the History Grove, see the Durham History Museum website.

read more
History organization

Power’s Title Rivals Qualifying Wrestling

Josef Newgarden’s season could have been summed up by missing the entry of the most spectacular corner of the NTT INDYCAR SERIES.

The No. 2 Hitachi Penske Chevrolet team driver was on the first qualifying lap Saturday at WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca when he cut a deterrent left-side curb as he approached the famous “corkscrew” and sped down the hill. With his car wedged against the track, he was literally stuck.

Newgarden’s mistake forced him to accept the 25th starting position for Sunday’s Firestone Grand Prix of Monterey (2:40 p.m. ET, NBC; 3 p.m. ET, Telemundo Deportes on Universo and INDYCAR Radio Network), clearly not the he favorite place to erase his 20-point deficit for Team Penske’s Will Power, the series points leader who will start on pole.

By winning the NTT P1 award, Power effectively extended his series lead to 21 points over Newgarden and Chip Ganassi Racing driver Scott Dixon. Power can secure the title by finishing third or better no matter what the other contenders do.

“I just made a mistake; it’s such a shame,” Newgarden said. “Yeah, it’s a disappointment. It’s a hassle for everyone. »

This track offers trouble at nearly every corner, which is something Newgarden has to hope for with many drivers ahead of him. Passing 24 cars to take the lead will otherwise be a challenge in a routine head-to-head battle. However, he said he thought he had “the fastest car on the course”.

“It’s not over, but it’s not ideal what just happened here,” Newgarden said. “So that’s what it is.”

Dixon is in much the same situation, although he will start higher up the field (13th). He and fellow title contenders Scott McLaughlin and Marcus Ericsson were in the same qualifying group as Newgarden, and they lost valuable time on the track as the AMR safety team went to the corkscrew to help the car blocked.

Dixon said he couldn’t get enough of a gap behind rookie Kyle Kirkwood (#14 Sexton Properties Chevrolet of AJ Foyt Racing) to make a difference. He finished the session 0.0866 seconds behind Ericsson for the final transfer spot.

“Maybe I should have held back a bit more, (but) I thought he was going to go,” said No. 9 PNC Bank rider Chip Ganassi Racing Honda of Kirkwood. “There was such a big gap to 15 (Graham Rahal) ahead of him, but ultimately you’re talking less than a tenth (of a second) that we missed it, which is frustrating.”

McLaughlin (#3 XPEL Team Penske Chevrolet) and Ericsson (#8 Huski Chocolate Chip Ganassi Racing Honda) made it through to round two, but that’s all they could do. They will start eighth and 10th respectively in the 26-car field. Both must win the race to have a chance at the championship. Ericsson is effectively 40 points from the lead, McLaughlin 42.

Now the quartet chasing Power must be hoping that tire degradation will play a big role in the 95-lap race and the peloton will be knocked down. Unless I’m mistaken, this is probably their best bet.

“It’s all up to the game as we’ve seen in many races,” Dixon said. “I think this year is going to be different for Monterey.”

Chase title marks

Much attention has been given to Dixon attempting to take the bottom rung of the ladder with a record seventh series championship, but Newgarden can take a big step as well.

Another championship would give Newgarden three for his career. Only seven drivers in history have that many, and only five drivers have more.

The three series champions include Louis Meyer (1928, 1929, 1933), Ted Horn (1946, 1947, 1948), Jimmy Bryan (1954, 1956, 1957), Rick Mears (1979, 1981, 1982), Al Unser ( 1970, 1983, 1985), Bobby Rahal (1986, 1987, 1992) and Sam Hornish Jr. (2001, 2002, 2006).

The quadruple winners are Mario Andretti (1965, 1966, 1969, 1984), Sébastien Bourdais (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007) and Dario Franchitti (2007, 2009, 2010, 2011).

AJ Foyt holds the record with seven season titles (1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1967, 1975, 1979). Dixon won his championships in 2003, 2008, 2013, 2015, 2018 and 2020.

Newgarden is one of 14 drivers with two season titles, which means Power could become No. 15.

Malukas and Lundgaard to settle rookie title

If series officials tally up any points on Saturday night, which they don’t, David Malukas would replace Christian Lundgaard for the rookie of the year award.

Malukas qualified seventh, narrowly missing out on what would have been his third-place Firestone Fast Six of the season. Lundgaard qualified 16th. In the race, the difference between these final positions is 12 points in favor of Malukas. Lundgaard leads by just five points.

Malukas’ qualifying effort in moto two was slowed by Ericsson’s spin in the corkscrew, giving him just one lap to deliver a quality lap. The driver of Dale Coyne Racing’s #18 Honda HMD with HMD said he wanted to get as much advantage as possible over Lundgaard, but didn’t want to risk a mistake that would leave him 12th.

“Let’s take it easy, let’s start the round,” Malukas said of the final lap of round two. “I think on our side we will try to have the best possible race. He is definitely (close). I was pushing really hard. We have that little gap, but the tire (degradation) is a huge issue here. Strategy is going to play a big role here.

Lundgaard acknowledged that he left last week’s test “a bit confused” and was still getting used to the various Firestone Firehawk compounds.

“We put the (alternative) tires on (here), and we went slower,” he said. “We just don’t seem to be using the maximum with (them).”

Last races together for some

The end of any racing season always ends team relationships. One of the big names in this series is Alexander Rossi who is racing in his final race with Andretti Autosport.

After seven seasons, eight race wins, a win in the 2016 Indianapolis 500 presented by Gainbridge, seven poles and two top-three finishes, Rossi will face Michael Andretti’s organization for the final time on Sunday. He will join Arrow McLaren SP for the 2023 season and beyond.

“Obviously we knew it was coming, but yeah, it’s going to be a sad day on Sunday for a lot of reasons,” Rossi said. “I’ve been with this team since the start of my INDYCAR career, and I know a lot of these (crew members) on a personal level, I know their families and we hang out away from the tracks.

“It’ll be a little weird to have that ‘Thank you, see you soon’ type dynamic, but it’s all part of life, and I’ll come away with more good memories than bad, and I really appreciate the whole organization. of Andretti Autosport over the past seven years.

Rossi said living in Indianapolis, like him and most of the crew, will allow many of their friendships to continue.

“Every time a change happens, it’s weird, but on the other side, there’s the excitement of new horizons and new opportunities, and I’m looking forward to that at the same time,” a- he declared.

Rossi will start third in the #27 NAPA AUTO PARTS/AutoNation Honda. He will be looking for his second race victory of the season.

More in motion

Sunday will also be Kyle Kirkwood’s last race at AJ Foyt Racing as he fills the seat vacated by Rossi in 2023. Kirkwood spent one season with the team and will start 17th in the season finale.

It remains to be seen whether Alex Palou (No. 10 NTT DATA Chip Ganassi Racing Honda) and Felix Rosenqvist (No. 7 Arrow McLaren SP Chevrolet) will return to their current rides depending on how Palou’s future is resolved. And then there is Colton Herta, the Andretti Autosport driver who is wanted by Scuderia AlphaTauri in Formula 1.

Herta has won the last two races of the series at this track from pole but will start 18th in the No.26 Gainbridge Honda after going off course in Turn 4 of qualifying.

“We just struggled all weekend,” Herta said. “I definitely made a mistake there, and that kind of held back our progress. We’ll have to try and find something for the race to try and tame that car because it seems like everyone is really struggling there. If we could find just a little, I think that would propel us a whole lot.

Jimmie Johnson told reporters that his sponsor, Carvana, would back him up again in 2023, but he didn’t say what his schedule would be. Johnson will start 23rd in the #48 Carvana Chip Ganassi Racing Honda.


  • As the NBC broadcast team noted, this might be the happiest front row in the show’s history. Alongside Power, who took his career-record 68th pole, rookie Callum Ilott (No. 77 Chevrolet Juncos Hollinger) clinched his best starting spot. It was Ilott’s first time reaching the Firestone Fast Six. Ilott said it was humiliating as a small one-car team driver to “fight with the big boys.”
  • Chevrolet celebrated its constructors’ championship on Saturday. He has won 11 of 16 races this season – 10 with Team Penske, the other with Arrow McLaren SP. Chevrolet has won seven of those titles since 2012. Three of its drivers are in contention for the championship on Sunday.
  • This is the fourth NTT INDYCAR SERIES race of the season for Simona De Silvestro. At the wheel of the Chevrolet Paretta Autosport n°16, she will start 26th. She and the team welcomed Olympic gold medalist Kaillie Humphries, a Canadian-American who won the monobob at the Beijing Winter Olympics earlier in the year, to the track on Saturday.
  • Sunday’s NTT INDYCAR SERIES action begins with a 30-minute practice at noon ET. NBC’s broadcast of the 95-lap race begins at 2:40 p.m. with the green flag expected at 3:30 p.m. Coverage begins at 3 p.m. on Telemundo Deportes on Universo and the INDYCAR radio network.
  • Sting Ray Robb took his first Indy Lights Presented by Cooper Tires win on Saturday in dominant fashion, crossing the finish line 11.0674 seconds ahead of Andretti Autosport teammate Christian Rasmussen. Linus Lundqvist has taken the green flag to officially clinch the series title and earn an incentive package to compete in the NTT INDYCAR SERIES next season. He finished sixth in Saturday’s race. The final race of the season is Sunday at 1 p.m. ET.
read more
History organization

Miami-Dade School Board Rejects October Declaration of LGBTQ History Month

Leaders of Florida’s largest school system have rejected a resolution to declare October LGBTQ History Month, another sign the state continues to swing right as Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis pushes to suppress discussions of sexual orientation in the classroom.

After a noisy six-hour meeting on Wednesday, the Miami-Dade school board voted 8 to 1 to block a measure that affirmed the county’s commitment to keeping all students safe — including those who identify as gay , lesbian, transgender or non-binary – and recognized LGBTQ History Month as “an effective way to educate and call to action our community to work together to fight prejudice and discrimination”.

The resolution would also ask the Superintendent of Schools to explore the possibility of providing Grade 12 teachers with resources to educate students about the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage as well as the precedent legal basis of anti-discrimination laws. Lower grade teachers would be free to reiterate “respect and support for LGBTQ students.”

The school board’s vote against the measure, which comes just a year after the body approved a similar resolution by a 7-1 vote, highlights the rapidly changing political landscape in Florida as conservative groups in parental rights advocates have mobilized to erase any discussion of topics such as gender and racial inequality in school.

This year, DeSantis and the Republican-controlled Florida Legislature enacted a new law that prohibits schools from teaching students in kindergarten through third grade about topics involving sexual orientation or gender identity. Lessons for older grades must now be “age-appropriate,” a vague term that is causing widespread confusion across the state about what teachers can say in class or whether they can even post identifying signs their classrooms as “safe spaces” for students who may feel intimidated.

Florida teachers rush to redo lessons as DeSantis laws go into effect

A school system lawyer told council members he did not believe the proposed resolution conflicted with the Parental Rights in Education Act. But several school board members still cited the new ordinance, which critics dubbed the “don’t say gay” law, as justification for their decision to rescind their previous support for LGBTQ History Month.

Ahead of the vote, dozens of parents and community members crammed into the meeting room, including some men aligned with the far-right extremist group the Proud Boys.

“We’re sitting around talking about recognizing LGBTQ History Month. What exactly does this mean? What will be celebrated? … What will be represented in our corridors? asked Christi Fraga, a board member who opposed the resolution. “If we are going to allow teachers to decide what can be taught in the classroom during this time, that concerns me.”

The board’s decision outraged Democratic lawmakers and gay rights activists, who accused leaders of the nation’s fourth-largest school system of cutting South Florida’s own ties to the national gay rights movement.

In the 1970s, gay rights activists in Miami feuded with Anita Bryant, a religious conservative who used South Florida to launch her nationwide campaign against anti-discrimination ordinances. Then, in the 1980s, during the AIDS epidemic, gay people flocked to Miami Beach and helped make it a global destination for tourism and entertainment.

“I’m horrified, but I’m not surprised given the turn Florida has taken under Governor DeSantis,” said Michael Rajner, 51, a South Florida gay rights activist. “He seemed to turn the Sunshine State into a fascist state and take us back to the dark ages.”

DeSantis’ office did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the vote.

Equality Florida, a gay rights group, also decried the school board’s decision.

“Tonight’s vote is further evidence of the chilling effect of Florida’s discriminatory Don’t Say LGBTQ law and the toxic anti-LGBTQ environment fostered by Governor DeSantis,” said Joe Saunders, political director of Equality Florida, in a written statement. .

Rajner said he fears the school board’s decision could further stifle discussion in the classroom of LGBTQ people – wondering, for example, whether teachers who bring up Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg will be allowed to note that he is the first openly gay law firm in the country. member.

“LGBT youth should have a role model, the same way Barack and Michelle Obama gave hope to so many young black people,” he said.

But Anthony Verdugo, executive director of the Miami-based Christian Family Coalition, a conservative political advocacy group, said Wednesday’s vote shows how conservative parents now oppose the teaching of issues in schools that don’t are not directly related to “reading”. , writing and arithmetic.

“Schools are there for education, not for indoctrination,” Verdugo said, repeating debunked theories that children choose their sexual orientation based on their exposure to LGBTQ issues. “We celebrate the content of people’s character, not their sexual preference or gender identity.”

Verdugo added that he still supports other school district designations, such as Black History Month and Hispanic Heritage Month.

“These are notable and morally neutral questions,” he said. “Issues of sex and sexual activity, these are not morally neutral.”

Verdugo noted that Wednesday’s victory follows the success of the conservatives last month in winning two seats on the Miami-Dade school board, which he said will secure a new conservative majority when the new board is elected in November. He believes the outcome of that election also caused the current board to reject the resolution.

DeSantis shows influence with ‘anti-awakening’ school board wins

“I don’t think the margin would have been great, and last night parents, students and citizens showed up in force,” said Verdugo, who also downplayed the Proud Boys’ presence. “Individuals and groups have the right to speak out, whatever issue drives them.”

At one point during the meeting, some of the parents in the audience began yelling at Andrea S. Pita Mendez, a 17-year-old high school student who serves on the council as a nonvoting student councilor.

After saying she represents “the voice of 340,000 students,” Mendez began to push back against council members’ claim that their clients are district parents.

“They’re not. It’s the students,” Mendez said. “The parents aren’t because they don’t sit eight hours a day.”

As Mendez spoke, some audience members moaned and yelled at her, causing her to briefly interrupt her remarks.

When the outburst subsided, Mendez again pleaded for the board to support the resolution.

“You’re not in these hallways every day. We are,” said Mendez, who is also president of her student government association. “And our students told me that they support this article. Students are allowed to make up their own minds about the information they learn.

read more
History organization

140 years of Princeton history

Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower won a landslide victory with nearly 55% of the popular vote in the 1952 presidential election, still a pittance compared to the 73% majority he won in the Daily Princetonian’s presidential poll .

Against the backdrop of the Red Scare of the 1950s, the use of the word “communist” in the “Prince” peaked during that decade, leading some articles to even speculate about the existence of a secret communist cell on the campus.

Our analysis of this decade also revealed a disproportionate use of terms such as “prayer”, “worship” and “episcopal”, often included in the Religious Notice section of the article. Although the requirement for the University chapel did not end until 1964, the “prince” sparked much discussion on the subject throughout the 1950s, including a poll in 1951 which found that 75 % of undergraduates surveyed viewed mandatory attendance at religious services as “unfavorable.”

The decade also saw major changes on Prospect Avenue. In 1949, Alfred de Jonge ’49 pointed out in a letter to the editor that while 81.3% of all eligible feuds were accepted into a dining club after a round of feuds, only 32.1% of Jewish feuds eligible had been accepted. The following feuding season, more than three-quarters of the sophomore class pledged not to join a dining club unless everyone bickering could get an offer.

As a result of this protest, the interclub committee was able to maintain a “100%” match rate until 1958, when 23 sophomores, more than half of whom were Jewish, did not receive of offer. The resulting scandal, which was the subject of a national outcry, was known as the “Dirty Bicker” of 1958.

A major vernacular shift also took place during the Eisenhower years. Although the word “frosh” was first mentioned in the “Prince” much earlier in the 20th century, its use exploded in the 1950s, alongside “soph”.

Read more: Discover the origins of the Jewish community on campus

read more
History organization

City Life Org – New-York Historical Society sheds contemporary light on a defining chapter of American history in The Salem Witch Trials: Reckoning and Reclaiming exhibit

Alexander McQueen, 1969 -2010. Evening dress (detail), of the In Memory of Elizabeth How, Salem, 1692, Ready-to-wear collection, fall/winter 2007. Velvet, glass pearls and satin. Peabody Essex Museum, gift from anonymous donors in London Friends of the Peabody Essex Museum, 2011.44.1. Photo by Bob Packert

On view from October 7, 2022 to January 22, 2023

In an episode that has resonated in American culture from colonial times until today, more than 200 residents of Salem, Massachusetts, were accused of witchcraft in 1692-1693. The trials led to the execution of 20 people, mostly women, and the death in prison of at least five others. The last of the defendants, Elizabeth Johnson Jr., was officially cleared in July 2022.

This fall, the New York Historical Society is re-examining this defining moment in American history and considering from a contemporary perspective how mass hysteria can lead to fatal injustice in exposure. The Salem Witch Trials: Calculation and Recovery. On view from October 7, 2022 to January 22, 2023 at the Joyce B. Cowin Women’s History Gallery, this traveling exhibition is organized by the Peabody Essex Museum (PEM) in Salem, Massachusetts, and is coordinated at the New-York Historical by its Center for Women’s History, which uncovers the lives and legacies of the women who have shaped and continue to shape the American experience.

“Countless scholars and authors, from Nathaniel Hawthorne to Arthur Miller, have preserved the memory and significance of the Salem witch trials, but this critical turning point in American history has never been seen as it is in The Salem Witch Trials: Account and Recovery,said Dr. Louise Mirrer, President and CEO of New-York Historical. “We are proud to present this extraordinary exhibit through our Women’s History Center, illustrating the Center’s mission to rethink familiar chapters of the past and deepen our understanding of them. We hope our visitors leave with a new perspective on these terrible events over 300 years ago and what they still mean to us today.

“The Salem Witch Trials have become rhetorical shorthand in contemporary discourse, but the actual historical events are often overlooked,” said Dan Lipcan, Ann C. Pingree director of PEM at the Phillips Library, along with curator Paula Richter and Associate Curator Lydia Gordon. “When we designed this exhibit, we wanted to provide a framework for a modern-day audience to understand what this chapter in history meant for the development of this country and what it says about the potential for each of us. We want visitors to feel the ongoing impact of the Salem Witch Trials, to think about what they say about race and gender, and to think about how they themselves might react at times similar widespread injustice.

The exhibition opens with historical artifacts, rare documents and contemporary narratives, which include testimonies of dreams, ghosts and visions. The handwritten letters and petitions of innocence of the defendants reflect the human toll. Contextual materials such as furniture and other everyday objects help situate the Salem witch trials within the European tradition of witch hunts, which dates back to the 14th century, while suggesting the crucial ways in which this episode diverged. Rare documents from the collection of the New-York Historical, including one of the earliest written accounts of the 1693 trial, are also on display.

The exhibit also features two salvaged projects by contemporary artists who are descendants of the accused, including a dress and accompanying photographs from fashion designer Alexander McQueen’s Fall/Winter 2007 collection, In memory of Elizabeth How, 1692. In creating this collection, based on research into the designer’s ancestor – one of the first women to be convicted and hanged as a witch – McQueen has extracted historic symbols of witchcraft, paganism, religious persecution and Magic. Documents show how Elizabeth How was charged and ultimately convicted in July 1692, adding to the gravity of the creator’s spectacle. Another section presents the series of photographer Frances F. Denny Major Arcana: Portraits of Witches in America in which powerful portraits challenge the traditional notion of witchcraft by celebrating the spectrum of identities and spiritual practices found in communities of people who identify as witches today. In addition to the photographs, a special sound component allows visitors to listen to the voices of these modern-day witches.

The exhibit concludes with an exhibit that connects the Salem witch trials to modern life by inviting visitors to reflect on the role they believe they play in times of injustice. It also features an immersive experience based on the New-York Historical tarot card collection that invites viewers to imagine what recovery from witchcraft might mean.

The Salem Witch Trials: Calculation and Recovery is organized by the Peabody Essex Museum (PEM) in Salem, Massachusetts. This exhibit was co-curated by Dan Lipcan, Ann C. Pingree Director of the Phillips Library; Paula Richter, curator; and Lydia Gordon; Associate curator. At the New-York Historical, it was coordinated by Anna Danziger Halperin, Mellon Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Women’s History and Public History, Center for Women’s History.

On October 24, a curator’s gallery tour, led by Anna Danziger Halperin of New-York Historical, provides an overview of the exhibits. Private group tours can also be arranged throughout the exhibition. Additional programs will be added to the schedule in the coming weeks.

Families can explore The Salem Witch Trials: Calculation and Recovery and its central question – in times of injustice, what role can you play? – with an exhibition guide, costumed interpretation, storytelling, programs in Spanish and a Halloween celebration. Living history programs offer families the opportunity to learn from modern practitioners and make connections between their experiences and those of the falsely accused in 1692. In October, Hablemos, our free bilingual Spanish/English program, explores the stories and traditions of witches. and witchcraft in the Spanish-speaking world. On Sunday, October 30, the Halloween Family Party includes both modern traditions such as scary stories and candy eating, while offering families a chance to reframe and reflect on their understanding of witches. Families can also consider how false accusations and injustice can have a huge impact on people’s lives, both in the past and today. Additional details will be added to the family program schedule.

The Joyce B. Cowin Women’s History Gallery exhibits are made possible by Joyce B. Cowin and the New York Historical Women’s History Council. Exhibits at New-York Historical are made possible by Dr. Agnes Hsu-Tang and Oscar Tang, the Saunders Trust for American History, the Evelyn & Seymour Neuman Fund, the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council, and the New York State Council on the Arts with support from the Office of the Governor and the New York State Legislature. WNET is the media sponsor.

About the New York Historical Society
Discover 400 years of history through groundbreaking exhibits, immersive films, and thought-provoking conversations between renowned historians and public figures at the New-York Historical Society, New York’s premier museum. A great destination for history since 1804, the Patricia D. Klingenstein Museum and Library conveys the stories of the diverse populations of the city and country, expanding our understanding of who we are as Americans and how we have become. Always up to the challenge of bringing little or unknown stories to light, New-York Historical will soon inaugurate a new annex housing its Academy for American Democracy as well as the American LGBTQ+ Museum. These latest efforts to help shape the future by documenting the past join New York Historical’s DiMenna Children’s History Museum and Women’s History Center. Digital exhibitions, applications and our For the ages podcast allow visitors from around the world to dive deeper into the story. Connect with us at or @nyhistory on Facebook, TwitterInstagram, YouTube and Tumblr.

read more
History organization

Reviews | Naming commission suggests changes to West Point


The agency that Congress created in 2020 to clear the names of Confederate generals from U.S. military assets and recommend alternatives continues to advance its long-awaited mission. The Naming Commission, as it is concisely called, is to submit a final report to Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin by October 1. The first installment, submitted Aug. 8, recommended new names for nine Army installations, proposing the first women and people of color to be recognized.

The second episode, focusing on the US Military Academy at West Point and the US Naval Academy at Annapolis, was released on Monday. Once again, the commission did not hesitate. Of West Point, the commission noted, “His history in the service of the defense of the United States makes him particularly incongruous for Confederate commemoration” – that is, recognizing “the men who fought against the States United States of America and whose cause sought to destroy the nation as we know it.” As the report noted, denying the Confederate place of honor was the practice of the institution for more than 60 years. after the Civil War, until, influenced by a nationwide movement—among whites—to romanticize the “lost cause,” West Point awarded honors to alumni who wore gray.

“Capehart” podcast: How Ty Seidule went from worshiping Robert E. Lee to one of his fiercest critics

The commission essentially calls for restoring the previous approach. It recommends that West Point remove barracks, streets, a gate, monument and other symbols bearing the name or likeness of figures such as Robert E. Lee and PGT Beauregard, with the name change entrusted to the academy itself. The commission recommended that the Naval Academy rename two buildings and a street that currently honor a Confederate naval officer and a Confederate civilian official. The commission correctly refused to alter the neutral memorials of the two institutions which simply mention the Confederate service of graduates on lists combined with the majority who defended the Union.

In one notable case, the commission has pushed the boundaries of its mandate, which is to consider “the commemoration of the Confederate States of America or anyone who has voluntarily served” with the Confederacy. Strictly speaking, this would not include the Ku Klux Klan, which emerged as a terrorist organization after the Civil War. And yet, since 1965, a small bas-relief depicting an armed, hooded figure and the words “Ku Klux Klan” has been visible on an 11-foot-tall bronze triptych dedicated to veterans of World War II and the Korea, at the entrance to Bartlett Hall at West Point. The Klansman is one of dozens of similarly sized historical figures carved into the middle of a large painting, titled “History of the United States of America”, which depicts several Confederate generals – but also Indigenous leader Tecumseh, feminist Susan B. Anthony and abolitionists John Brown and William Lloyd Garrison.

The commission recommended removing the Confederate figures from the triptych, but lacked the legal authority to do more than draw public attention to the depiction of the Klan, whose original intent is ambiguous. The sculptor who made it acknowledged at the time that the KKK was “criminal”, but this context is not explicit on the work. West Point, which credibly says it doesn’t condone racism, should address this issue thoughtfully, but on the same timeline the commission suggested for the removal of Confederate iconography — “without delay.”

read more
History organization

How Economies Grow Through Light History : Planet Money : NPR

By James Yang for NPR

Take the final summer school quiz here

Our latest episode is also the biggest yet of Planet Money 2022 Summer School. And we’re about to celebrate graduation! (If you pass the test). So abandon seniority and open your mind to the biggest question of all: what causes human progress?

The short answer: what economists call productivity.

Productivity is the economic measure of what we are able to produce over a given period of time. It is one of the central ideas of economics because it has a huge impact on our quality of life.

Higher productivity means, first and foremost, that we have access to the same or even better goods and services without working as much. This has all kinds of positive consequences. Lower prices, higher overall production, and (at least in theory) more free time! This does not mean that the winnings will be shared equally, and we will talk about that as well.

So how can we as a society become richer and better off? The great arbiter of economic productivity is technology. It is what allows us to do more in less time, to create new things or new experiences, to spend less time working and more relaxing.

For our last course of the summer, light: a case study in productivity. Thousands of years ago, people lived in terrifying darkness after sunset. Artificial light was so difficult to produce that in cities around the world it was a luxury that, at first, few people had access to indoors for long periods of time. But now look, we are rich with light at all hours. We look at how productivity has made light an inescapable part (no pun intended) of our daily lives to see what lessons we can learn for human progress in general.


  • Productivity gains
  • Technology
  • Work/leisure compromise
  • 15 hour work week

Music: Welcome to California, Instant in the sun, Where did you go?, Pump and circumstance & summer anthem

Find us: Twitter / Facebook / instagram / ICT Tac

Subscribe to our show on Apple podcast, Pocket casts and NPR one.

Want extra credit? Subscribe to Planet Money Newsletter

read more
History organization

Arizona Coyotes welcome Koelzer and Cheverie to various training camps

Kelsey Koelzer and Kori Cheverie worked as assistant coaches under coach André Tourigny during the team’s intrasquad scrimmage in July. (Photo courtesy of the Arizona Coyotes)

SCOTTSDALE – Kelsey Koelzer and Kori Cheverie represent the future in the moment.

That was clear this year at the Arizona Coyotes’ development camp, where they worked as assistant coaches under coach André Tourigny during the intrasquad meeting in July. Koelzer and Cheverie’s participation was made possible through the Coyotes’ Diversified Training Camp, which launched in September and aims to create more diversity in the coaching talent pool.

Keolzer and Cheverie took full advantage of the opportunity to show their belonging, regardless of gender or race.

“We want to prove that we’re not just good coaches, we’re just good hockey coaches,” Koelzer said. “It’s something we each bring. Each person brings a different wealth of knowledge to the table.

Cheverie agrees, saying, “I’ll be really excited for the day we don’t have to have an interview about what an amazing opportunity for a woman this is. It’s just an amazing opportunity as a hockey coach.

Tourigny acknowledged the differences women face when coaching in a male-dominated league and the challenges minorities face when entering a venue where they are few and far between. Born in French-speaking Quebec, the Coyotes coach can understand the desire to earn a job solely on merit.

“I’m French, and the first time I coached for Team Canada, people were saying they needed a Frenchman on staff,” Tourigny said. “I didn’t want to be part of the staff because I was French. I wanted to be part of the staff because I am a good coach. The goal is to have the best coaching period. No sex, no gender, nothing, just good coaching.

Koelzer became the first black head coach in NCAA ice hockey history in September 2019, when she took over Arcadia University’s women’s ice hockey program. Her resume includes more accolades for the first time as Princeton’s first-ever women’s hockey All-American and the first black player selected first overall in a North American Hockey League pro draft.

Cheverie, currently an assistant coach with Hockey Canada, has history coaching men’s ice hockey teams. She became the first woman to coach a Canadian men’s national team as the assistant coach of the men’s World Under-18 Championship team and worked as an assistant coach with the men’s hockey team Ryerson University from 2016 to 2021.

“I think anytime you can coach at the highest level, that’s where I want to be,” Cheverie said, “whether it’s on the men’s side or the women’s side. And in the meantime, I’m just trying to gain as much knowledge and experience as possible so that if that opportunity arises, I’m ready to take it. That’s kind of how I approach my coaching career.

Coyotes general manager Bill Armstrong and Tourigny hope the NHL catches up to the NFL and NBA when it comes to the number of professional female coaches in the sport.

The start of the 2021 NFL season featured 12 female assistant coaches, and seven women were NBA assistant coaches in the 2021-22 season.

Armstrong, a former AHL coach, was thrilled the Coyotes welcomed women to learn from their coaching staff for the second year in a row.

Related story

“Just to have people around you with more knowledge to share with you…they’re going to leave camp and they’re going to be inspired by new ideas and new ways of presenting and new thinking processes about coaching” , Armstrong said. “It’s going to have a huge impact for them as they move forward in their careers.”

While a few states, including Texas and Florida, have seen a rapid 71% increase in the number of girls playing hockey over the past decade, participation remains heavily skewed. According to a study by Zippia, men outnumber women 9 to 1 in turnout across the country. Access could be one of the reasons for the imbalance between men and women.

“I didn’t have a women’s team; that was not an option,” Koelzer said. “I had no choice but to play with the guys if I wanted to play hockey. And that was something I had absolutely no problem with.

“When I was growing up I knew I would go to college, but playing college hockey wasn’t something I knew was in the cards for me. Once I had that knowledge, once I had the confidence to say that was my end goal, it really helped propel my game forward.”

Koelzer and Cheverie hope their success stories, groundbreaking achievements and efforts to create more opportunity will help break down barriers for women aiming to succeed in male-dominated sport in the future. Still, the two coaches, the Coyotes organization and a group of others realize there is work to be done.

But, at least the groundwork is laid for like-minded women interested in coaching professional hockey – and the future is bright.

read more
History organization

The 23 best photos of British coronations throughout history

For the past 900 years, the coronations of British monarchs – ceremonies filled with pomp, pageantry and religious rituals – have taken place at Westminster Abbey. But the first monarch to photograph his coronation was King Edward VII, Queen Victoria’s eldest son. To celebrate the 70th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth’s coronation, take a journey through history to view the coronations of past monarchs. Here, see the best photos from the coronations of King Edward VIII, King George V, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II.

Advertising – Continue Reading Below

King Edward VIII’s coronation was originally scheduled for June 26, 1902, but three days before his scheduled date he underwent emergency stomach surgery.

Foreign delegations did not return for the postponed coronation ceremony, August 9, 1902, so the celebration was largely a national affair.

King Edward VIII was still recovering from his illness, so he was crowned with the Imperial State Crown, not the heaviest St. Edward’s Crown.

Queen Alexandra was crowned with a brand new crown, Queen Alexandra’s Crown, for the coronation. It was made with the Koh-i-Noor diamond.

Prior to her husband’s accession to the throne, Queen Alexandra was Princess of Wales from 1863 to 1901 – the longest term to hold the title. She was also born a princess in the family of House Glücksburg. In 1863, her parents ascended the Danish throne as King Christian IX and Queen Louise.

King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra’s second son, George, was third in line to the throne when he was born, and he grew up not expecting to become king. However, his older brother, Albert Victor, died of pneumonia. George ended up marrying his brother’s fiancée, Princess Mary of Teck.

After the death of his father, George became king. He wrote in his diary: “I lost my best friend and the best of fathers…I never had a [cross] word with him in my life. I am heartbroken and overwhelmed with grief but God will help me with my responsibilities and my darling May will be my comfort as she always has been. May God give me strength and direction in the heavy task before me.”

The coronation took place on June 22, 1911.

Their children were all in attendance, including Prince Edward and Princess Mary (pictured here). Prince Edward was heir apparent and succeeded his father as King Edward VIII until he abdicated less than a year later. He never had a coronation and was the shortest-reigning British monarch.


The Delhi Durbar coronation, 1911

King George V and Queen Mary were proclaimed Emperor and Empress of India at a ceremony in Delhi in December 1911.

The Delhi Durbar translates to “Court of Delhi” and has only been held three times in history – 1877, 1903 and 1911.

King George V was the only British ruler to attend the durbar.

King George VI ascended the throne after his brother’s abdication. His brother’s coronation had been scheduled for 12 May 1937 – and it was decided that George’s coronation would instead take place on that date.

The coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth was the first to be filmed, although it was not broadcast.

The coronation of King George VI was the third coronation to take place in the 20th century.

The British royal family appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the coronation. George’s daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, are in the center.

A view of the crowds outside Buckingham Palace and the Royal Coach passing the Queen Victoria Memorial.

The procession inside Westminster Abbey, the site of the coronations of British monarchs for nine centuries.


Queen Elizabeth II, 1953

Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne when she was just 25 years old and her coronation took place fourteen months later.

Queen Elizabeth’s coronation was fully televised and broadcast live.

Prince Philip chaired the Coronation Commission and played a key role in planning the day’s events and deciding to televise the ceremony.

Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip waved to the crowd from the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the coronation.

Advertising – Continue Reading Below

read more
History organization

Women have always been key to the labor movement


Workers have formed unions in a historic wave of unionization over the past year. Much of this activity has taken place in retail stores, cafes and museums, where most frontline workers are women. Indeed, women and non-binary people have played a key role in these efforts.

While men dominated union organizing for much of the 20th century, women have long been the backbone of the workers’ rights movement. In fact, the largest labor demonstration in the United States before the Civil War took place in Lynn, Massachusetts, in the winter of 1860, and it would not have happened without working women. This first step of the labor movement should have been a first step towards steady progress towards equality in the workplace. Instead, he scored the first in a series of setbacks and missed chances.

By 1850, Lynn was on its way to becoming the shoe capital of the world, and its workforce was two-thirds female. Eighty percent of employed women in Lynn and surrounding Essex County worked in the shoe industry, with many working part-time from home in a system known as “working from home”. This system allowed women to support their husband’s or father’s trade through piecework rather than earning a separate income outside the home. Male craftsmen approved of this system because it allowed women to contribute to household income and continue to perform expected domestic tasks such as cooking, cleaning, and raising children.

Shoemaking became more mechanized and modernized over the next decade, and the gender ratio evened out. Shoe workers, men and women, met regularly to discuss labor issues. But these organizations were segregated by gender – men, as well as some women, saw women’s participation in the industry as a temporary situation that would end when they married and became mothers. When a men’s strike committee was formed, members rejected a proposal to include an alliance of homeworkers and factory workers in their efforts.

Three thousand Lynn shoe workers walked off the job in February 1860 to protect their wages and improve their working conditions. Strikers from across New England soon joined them, insisting that manufacturers agree on a universal “price schedule” that would prevent competition between workers in different cities and ensure that shoemakers in other areas could not have an undue influence on the market.

The great shoemakers’ strike made national news. Even then-presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln chimed in, saying, “I’m glad to see that a system of labor prevails in New England, where workers can strike whenever they want, where they don’t have to work, whether you pay them or not. Lincoln spoke in Hartford, where he denounced the conditions under which nearly 4 million enslaved black people worked on Southern plantations. But he was also wary of spiraling conditions for factory workers in the North.

The extraordinary support Lynn shoe workers enjoyed when they began their strike quickly evaporated as the orderly march erupted into chaos. Strikers and supporters shouted “Scabs!” and “Chase them!” to the managers who continued to work in their shoe stores. Many spectators along the route were drinking heavily and became violent. A strikebreaker who was spotted returning home with exterior work from a manufacturer was attacked by an angry mob. The strike committee had initially sworn not to interfere with the transportation of goods and materials during the strike, but mobs of people ignored that promise and attacked the wagons and their drivers, destroying packages and blocking shipments. Police from nearby areas were called in to help keep transportation safe, and the mayor of Lynn swore in dozens of special police officers to restore order. The once friendly relationship between city officials and shoemakers had soured within days.

This anarchy was devastating for a movement rooted in a moral code of craftsmanship, where success depended on the unequivocal approval of other shoe towns in the region. Previously, smaller protests that were more akin to family holiday parades and focused on ideas of class equity and opportunity for all in the early Republic had built community support. The goal had been a respectful and mutually beneficial arrangement between manufacturers and workers – not antagonistic competition. A local newspaper summed up the public sentiment by noting: “The anarchy of part of the strikers has deprived the whole movement of much of its moral force and has turned the sympathies of the public against it”.

An emergency meeting of the strike committee is called and its leader, Alonzo Draper, proposes to include the local workers in their movement. It would bring the movement back to a high moral level, lessen harmful images of violence and lawlessness, and promote the strike as a defense of “traditional New England families” and their values.

Soon, Draper was addressing a gathering of hundreds of female shoe workers. He explained why they should strike in the name of men. His argument was adamantly focused on the needs of male workers, even reminding young women in the audience that if men did not earn a living wage, they would not be able to marry and support their wives and children.

Women stepped in with their own grievances and wage demands, thwarting the assumption that women’s sole interest in defending labor rights was to bolster family income. Although female homeworkers, who outnumbered shop workers, were fully aligned with the idea of ​​a family wage and thus accepted their work as subordinate to that of men, self-employed female factory workers did not were not. After a heated debate, they finally agreed to join the strike in an effort to raise wages for men and women.

In early March, 1,000 female shoe workers joined 5,000 men in a procession through the streets of Lynn amid a Nor’easter that created blizzard-like conditions. Women marched in traditional long dresses with stiff crinoline skirts and ruffled bonnets, holding umbrellas in one hand and pro-labor signs in the other.

Draper’s plan was a success. Major newspapers nationwide covered the event, and a lengthy Chicago Tribune article noted, “The most interesting part of the whole affair has been the movement among women. … Are these girls the independent, free and lucid women we hear so much about? An article in the New York Daily Herald asserted that “what was needed most now was a canvassing or rallying committee to go among the cobblers of Boston, of both branches of labor, men and women, and use their influence to have a large audience. meeting to help their friends in Lynn.

Ten days later, 10,000 strikers – men and women – marched through Lynn in what was the largest labor demonstration of its time. The work stoppage and reduced inventory it created raised the wholesale price of shoes, and Massachusetts shoe bosses agreed to raise men’s wages.

However, the manufacturers refused to sign a universal price agreement that would protect against hiring lower-paid migrant workers or hiring scabs, and there was no formal union recognition. When the men began to return to work at the end of the month, the women who went on strike in solidarity were dismayed and angry that they had been asked to return to work without signed wage agreements or agreed price lists for themselves.

When religious leaders and residents questioned the morals of single women working in Lynn and congregating in local amphitheaters, restaurants and recreation areas, female workers fought back. They made their case in public meetings and in the editorial pages of popular newspapers and magazines. But it was too little, too late.

Draper and his strike committee had succeeded in manipulating female workers to raise men’s wages, but they had done so by exploiting cultural issues around women’s place as breadwinners. This reinforced a gender hierarchy that diminished women’s power in defending workers’ rights. Women would continue to fight back throughout the 19th century, even creating the first all-female union, but they would never again dominate the American shoe industry in numbers.

The chance to secure a future for women workers on an equal footing with men has been lost. And the impact of this profound loss is still felt today far beyond the shoe industry.

read more
History organization

Old Autauga Historical Society Brings History to Autauga County Courthouse – Elmore-Autauga News

Larry Caver of OAHS points out the location of the first courthouse.

Tatum Northington

Elmore/Autauga News

Top photo From left to right, Beth DeBusk, Lynn Burrell, Barbara Russell, Larry Caver, Judge Joy Booth, David Washatka and Michele Washatka

On Friday, August 19, the Old Autauga Historical Society and Judge Joy Booth proudly unveiled a project they have been working on for years at the Autauga County Courthouse in Prattville.

The project is a set of four panels, each depicting an Autauga County courthouse and explaining the history of each, dating back to 1818. Society President Larry Caver explained, “Most people don’t realize that there have been more than two courthouses in Autauga. county and that we were a county prior to the formation of Alabama in 1819.”

The Old Autauga Historical Society officially formed on January 1, 2020 and currently has approximately 300 members. The mission of OAHS is “to share and preserve the history of ancient Autauga County, which includes present-day Autauga County, and areas west of the Coosa River in Autauga County. Elmore and areas south of Chestnut Creek in Chilton County”.

Caver tells us that the Autauga County Courthouse project was just one of many the company is working on, including the preservation of the Vine Hill Presbyterian Church, as well as the old schoolhouse. Mulberry.

The Autauga County Courthouse project was important to complete first because “many residents don’t understand that our county has such a deep history,” Caver explained. The sign display is located in the lobby of the current Autauga Courthouse.

Judge Joy Booth told EAN that in her 12 years at the courthouse, “we wanted something to commemorate Autauga County. We have a lot of visitors who don’t come to trial, like excursions and tourists, and we wanted people to know the story.

So she got together with Caver and OAHS and the project came to life.

OAHS got to work and discovered that there was quite a bit of historical documentation in a safe behind Judge Booth’s desk containing chancery records, which were the missing pieces from their search.

The four panels each share a part of Autauga County’s history. The first panel shows the original courthouse located in the city of Washington, which is now the current property where International Paper is located. There is not much photographic information about the period, but there are well-preserved chancery records.

The second panel shows the town of Kingston, which is now considered a ghost town, and would be considered the current area northeast of Prattville. This courthouse was the center of the county until the end of the Civil War. However, after the Civil War, the present counties of Chilton and Elmore were formed and Daniel Pratt wanted the courthouse to be in Prattville. It was moved, which Caver says “Concreting Prattville as a city”.

The third and fourth panels show the two Prattville courthouses. The third courthouse was located where the Martin Dance Factory now stands and was built in 1870. It was the courthouse until the current building was built in 1905 and completed in 1906.

These panels contain many more photos and recordings and these are now on public display.

There are maps showing where everything was located in the county as well as the names of the citizens who worked at the courthouse. A local barrister and chancery, Captain Abney, worked until his death in his courthouse office. A judge lived in the prison and there was a special door that separated his residence from the prison itself.

A special piece of paper caught the eye of this reporter which displayed the name of Pleasye Northington, who was the first woman to work at the registry office.

All in all, this exhibit is one every resident of Prattvillian and Autauga County must visit at least once. The large amount of historical information in a small space is truly remarkable. OAHS has done a fantastic job of capturing the significance of the Autauga County Courthouse’s history and really brought the hall to life.

The Old Autauga Historical Society meets quarterly and you can join for just $10. You can follow their activities by joining their private group on Facebook. Their first quarterly meeting of 2023 will take place on Saturday, January 14, 2023 at the historic Robinson Springs UMC in Millbrook, so be sure to mark your calendars.

read more
History organization

In 1896, black readers accused the Washington Post of bias


When some of the district’s leading black intellectuals gathered near the AME Metropolitan Church in the spring of 1896, they were in no mood to fire any punches. Frankly, they had had enough.

So, members of the Bethel Literary and Historical Association crafted a resolution that castigated a respected Washington institution. This institution, the BLHA proclaimed, had “persevered in its attempt to create a sense of unease toward people of color by falsely and viciously denigrating them and downplaying their claim to full respect for their rights.” That organization’s stance, Bethel’s board of directors declaimed, displayed an “illy-hidden hatred” toward African Americans.

This entity? The Washington Post.

You can find the neatly inked resolution in the Bethel Paper Archive, which is housed at Howard University’s Moorland-Spingarn Research Center (and is available online).

The treatment of black Americans by the white-owned press is a long and twisted story, ranging from basic neglect to outright racism. Since its founding in 1877, The Post has flipped between these poles. But what motivated this resolution? Was it a specific item? Was this a reflection of the Post’s general tenor toward African Americans? Answer The man dug.

The Bethel Literary and Historical Association takes its name from the building in which it met: Bethel Hall, on M Street NW, next to the AME Metropolitan Church. The society was founded in 1881 by the bishop of the AME church Daniel Payneone of many such groups created as black literacy rates rose during Reconstruction.

The church’s location – in the “Athens of America” ​​and just blocks from the White House – made it an important center for African-American cultural and political thought at a time when the question of what citizenship meant for black Americans was still unsettled, said William H. Lamar IVthe current pastor of the Metropolitan AME

Bethel’s weekly gatherings usually began with a performance—a piano recital or a poem—followed by a lecture that tapped into a myriad of topics: history, literature, science, medicine, politics. The meetings were designed for both “grassroots enjoyment and height of spirit,” said Dana Williamsdean of Howard’s graduate school and professor of African-American literature (who happens to be married to Reverend Lamar).

What prompted this group to criticize The Post? It was an editorial that appeared in the newspaper on February 2, 1896, under the headline “Color Line in Massachusetts.”

The Post editorial was inspired by recent events in Boston, where a black cleric named Bishop Arnett was refused hotel accommodation while attending a convention. “Of course, this incident caused the usual explosion of excitement,” The Post wrote, dismissively.

The Post editorial chastised newspapers such as the Boston Post for focusing on the incident and treating it “as if it were a novelty”.

The Post added, “Why keep this ridiculous semblance of amazement and soar in great commotion every time the expected and the inevitable happens?”

The columnist explained that some white people — whether in Mississippi, South Carolina or even Massachusetts — didn’t want to share hotels or theaters with black people. Wrote The Post: “The social recognition of the Negro is [as] impossible in one part of the country as in another.

After reading the editorial at her home on P Street NW, an African-American Post subscriber named Mary E. Nalle composed a letter to the editor. While praising the Post’s fundamental “liberality”, the schoolteacher noted that the paper lately seemed to place more emphasis on incidents involving bias. It wasn’t the increased coverage that bothered her, though. That was something else: the Post didn’t seem very critical of this bias.

Nalle wrote, “If, in reporting these incidents, where color bias plays such a large part, the Post feels called upon to make any comment, would that not be in keeping with the high moral plane on which the newspaper stands? once stood to point? the narrowness, the injustice of such a prejudice?

You can tell what The Post thought of Nalle’s letter from the headline it chose to run above: “Unwarranted Accusation That This Document Promotes Racial Bias.”

The same day it printed Nalle’s letter – February 4 – the newspaper published an op-ed in defense, writing on its cover of African Americans: “[We] have always rejoiced in all evidence of their advancement and applauded every step in the direction of their ambitions.

According to The Post, the problem was that black people were too quick to make race an issue: the whole breed. They forced society to treat them as a class and not as individuals.

The editorial argued that “Jews, Slavs, Latins or Anglo-Saxons” had not been seen coming together when someone was kicked out of a theater for being unruly.

This editorial prompted more letters from Bethel members. J.L. Love wrote that while it may be true that unruly white men have been kicked out of theaters, “no one would ever be guilty of assuming it’s because they’re white, when when black men are ‘bounced’ “, the reason given by those who rebound is usually that they are black. He can still be as cultured or refined; indeed, he can even be attractive, but he is devalued simply because of the accident of color .

Like Nalle, Love criticized The Post for writing gratuitously about prejudice, in a way that “in no way tends to promote good feeling between the races, but on the contrary tends to disrupt that good feeling that already exists.” .

Another letter writer, Ida A. Gibbs, wondered if The Post was implying that Bishop Arnett was excluded for any reason other than color. “He is certainly not a desperado nigger, but an intelligent gentleman, whose appearance speaks for himself,” she wrote.

A modern reader might be struck by several things. One is the familiarity of the arguments. Another is what Williams to Howard calls “rhetorical practice.” The language is beautiful — and passionate. What stands out is the disappointment that must have fueled this Bethel resolve: We subscribe to this newspaper, and this is how our community is covered?

“Imagine how bad it would have been if the [editorial writer] had been black,” Williams said. “The story to be told would not have been ‘Why are they [Boston] newspapers claiming it’s news? Instead, the story would have been ‘Hip, hip hooray for the courage of those papers.’ ”

Williams noticed something else: The Post’s white columnist chastised black people for seemingly favoring the group over the individual. But going through life solely as an individual was no luxury for many African Americans. Succeeding on individual merit was not guaranteed in a country where you were automatically assigned to a group and then discriminated against because of the skin color of that group.

The Washington Post has not always covered itself in glory on race issues, especially during the racial unrest of 1919, when an irresponsible front-page story sparked a vigilante action that left about 40 people dead.

Williams said Bethel members who spoke out in 1896 wanted more from The Post. As she put it, “A functional newspaper really says, ‘Part of our job is to enact democracy or to make sure that the perspectives that would enable us to enact democracy are shared.’ ”

read more
History organization

Ireland has changed its anti-abortion laws. Can he come up with a plan for the United States?

Placeholder while loading article actions

Ireland’s 2018 referendum on legalizing abortion was hailed as a victory by abortion rights activists and seen as a beacon of hope in the United States after the overthrow of Roe vs. Wade. The result was a remarkable turnaround for Ireland, a deeply Catholic country that criminalized abortion in 1861 and then added the law to its constitution in 1983.

Much of the impetus for the 2018 referendum is attributed to Savita Halappanavar, who died of sepsis in a Galway hospital during a miscarriage of her foetus. Although they knew that her life was increasingly in danger and that the fetus would not survive, the doctors refused to perform an abortion as long as the fetus had a heartbeat. By the time the heartbeat stopped a few days later, Halappanavar’s organs had begun to shut down and she died shortly thereafter.

Halappanavar’s tragic and unnecessary death was certainly a catalyst for the referendum, but it was by no means the only one. Ireland has had a long and complicated history with access to abortion, ranging from a total ban, to a (poor) balance between the life of the fetus and that of the woman, to – like the referendum of 2018 made it possible – full acceptance of abortion up to the 12th week of pregnancy.

This story is instructive for the United States as it grapples with the legal implications of Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization. In Ireland, three issues caused the most confusion and conflict in the years leading up to the 2018 vote: traveling for abortions, providing information about abortion options and determining when the life of a woman is sufficiently threatened to allow an abortion. Ireland’s history also shows how individual cases, some shocking, have exposed the shortcomings of the law and paved the way for its evolution.

Historically, Ireland’s position on abortion has been extremely harsh. Abortion was criminalized in Ireland in 1861 with the Offenses Against the Person Act and reconfirmed when Ireland gained independence and adopted its 1937 Constitution. When the UK decriminalized abortion in 1967, a large number of Irish women began to travel to the UK for the procedure.

In 1983, in response to pressure from religious organizations and fears that an Irish court would issue a decision similar to that of the United States Supreme Court in 1973 Roe vs. Wade decision, Ireland passed a referendum which enshrined the “right to life of the unborn child… with due regard to the equal right to life of the mother”. This law appears to place the life of an unborn fetus and that of a woman on an equal footing, meaning that a fetus must be protected unless the woman’s life is in danger. But in reality, the life of the fetus took precedence, leading to the death of women who were denied medical treatment that could harm the fetus.

A 1988 case against a group of clinics that offered abortion advice made it illegal for anyone to advise or assist a woman who wanted to travel abroad for an abortion. Some women have circumvented these restrictions by traveling to the UK on “shopping trips”, while others without the means or ability to travel have died after being forced to carry a foetus.

With the Irish courts’ anti-abortion stance seemingly frozen, Irish women began to approach the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice in an attempt to convince them to demand that the Irish courts change their position. As a member of the Council of Europe and the European Union, Ireland is bound by treaty to follow the decisions of these European courts. So in the early 1990s, when European courts issued rulings requiring Ireland to allow people to provide information about abortion or how to travel abroad to get one, the law changed accordingly.

Yet many women were unable to use this information due to age or finances. Two Irish court decisions in the 1990s created an exception to the law prohibiting travel for an abortion in cases where the pregnant woman threatened to commit suicide. In these cases, they were teenage girls who were either wards of the state or did not have parental permission to travel, and the court in both cases granted them the ability to travel. These cases received high profile, leading to public pressure on the government to reconsider.

As a result, the public voted in three referendums, which changed the law to allow women to travel for an abortion and to receive information about such travel. The third referendum, which attempted to remove the risk of suicide as a reason for allowing abortion in Ireland, failed. In 2002, the government again let the public vote to remove the suicide exception, effectively removing the issue from the hands of the judiciary, and this referendum was not passed a second time.

Irish public opinion on abortion was clearly changing, and in 2003 a survey showed that just over half of Irish people believed that a woman should be able to have an abortion under any circumstances. In 2007, an Irish court allowed a minor to travel for an abortion not because she was suicidal, but because the fetus would not survive due to severe brain damage.

Despite court rulings and public opinion, there are still many cases where women are denied medical treatment because they are pregnant. The case of Savita Halappanavar is simply the one that has received the most media attention. Following her case and a 2010 European Court of Human Rights ruling, Ireland passed the Pregnancy Life Protection Act (PLDPA) in 2013, which listed 25 hospitals public places where women could have abortions if their lives were in danger. including suicide. However, the guidance document for this act created several restrictions, such as requiring two medical specialists to certify that the woman’s life was in danger.

The PLDPA also failed to address cases where the fetus would not survive. At this point, the United Nations Human Rights Committee got involved and concluded in 2016, and then again in 2018, that Ireland violated a woman’s right to privacy by not giving her information on how to obtain an abortion after learning that her fetus had died fatally. birth defect.

Finally, after so many lost court cases, public disapproval, reports of over 170,000 women traveling to the UK for abortions, sustained activism and declining church influence catholic after child abuse scandals in the 1990s, the Irish government finally decided to act in 2016. It created a Citizens’ Assembly made up of 99 randomly selected people and reflecting the Irish population in terms of demographics such as age, gender, geography and diversity of beliefs about abortion.

After meeting several times over five months and hearing from medical, legal and ethical experts, the assembly issued a report recommending that abortion be legal in Ireland up to 12 weeks, or at any time during the pregnancy if certain conditions are met, such as a threat to the life of the woman or the fetus. Following this report, the Irish government debated the issue and eventually organized the referendum which was passed in 2018.

Ireland’s story offers hope that the United States might find a way to legalize abortion, but it also shows how a government can obstruct changes that have strong public support by passing unpopular legislation and blocking any attempt at judicial reform. Ireland’s history shows how many setbacks abortion rights activists are likely to face in the post-Dobbs United States, and how women’s lives will be weighed down and even sacrificed along the way. There are no quick fixes, only painful lessons to learn. But only learning these lessons will undo the Dobbs decision and give American women the right to choose an abortion.

read more
History organization

Orange County Pacific Islander Asian American Midterm Voters

Expanding efforts to mobilize Asian American and Pacific Islander voters for midterm elections, national political group targets three close congressional races in Orange County and looks to small businesses to build support for Democrats .

Justice Unites Us, a super PAC led by Democrats AAPI, will focus on trying to overthrow the OC-centric interior seats of Republican Representatives Young Kim and Michelle Steel while protecting Democratic Representative Katie Porter in a mostly coastal district.

As part of its multimillion-dollar nationwide effort, the organization plans to tap into small business hubs — grocery stores, dry cleaners, convenience stores — to help raise voter awareness.

Organizers will meet with owners to explain why they are trying to rally the AAPI community to vote and ask if they are willing to help the cause, Justice Unites Us said. They will ask owners to submit documentation about the election – printed in several languages ​​or in the language most used in the neighborhood – and to use their influence with loyal customers to inform them about the races.

The super PAC’s approach is one that immigrant communities might be more receptive to, said Rep. Ted Lieu, a Democrat from Torrance who is honorary co-chair of Justice Unites Us.

Lieu, who is Taiwanese American, highlighted his own upbringing, which included helping his family with their small business. They sold gifts and jewelry at flea markets until they were able to run six gift shops. He recounted how many people came in or passed when he and his brother were guarding one of the stores after school.

For Asian American residents of Orange County and elsewhere, “maybe the best way to get their information is to go talk to someone they know or have a conversation in a local small business with the owner they know,” Lieu said. “They’re talking to another friend at a local small business who has a bunch of flyers for Jay Chen for Congress. They take one and they see it in their language.

Chen, a businessman, lieutenant commander of the Naval Reserve and administrator of Mt. San Antonio College, challenges Steel in the new 45th congressional district, which includes the Asian American centers of Westminster, Cerritos and Artesia. Pulmonologist Dr. Asif Mahmood competes with Kim in the 40th District, which includes Rancho Santa Margarita and Aliso Viejo.

The Republican National Committee is also providing updates on what motivates AAPI voters, with outreach activities such as setting up tables at gas stations to ask residents about their concerns. The committee’s presence in Orange County, where it opened an AAPI community center last year, is its strongest in the state because of its “robust team,” the California RNC spokeswoman said. , Hallie Balch.

Both major parties have traditionally ignored these demographics until recently, when Orange County races became more competitive and officials realized the size and growth of this diverse population, said Karthick Ramakrishnan, a professor of politics. public at UC Riverside.

According to the Pew Research Center, Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial or ethnic group in the United States. In Orange County, home to one of the nation’s largest Asian American communities, more than a fifth of the population is AAPI, according to the US Census.

Minh Nguyen, executive director of Justice Unites Us, noted the diversity of Orange County’s AAPI population and said, “If our voters unite, we can not only help Democrats win two targeted races, but potentially help our party keep control of the House. .”

In addition to partnering with businesses, PAC will also focus on traditional door-to-door and phone banking campaigns in its target areas, including Orange County.

The county has long been a dark red conservative stronghold, but it has turned increasingly purple in recent years. In March, 37% of registered voters in the county were Democrats, compared to about 33% registered as Republicans, according to the nonpartisan California Target Book, a subscription service detailing political campaign information.

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee has committed a seven-figure nationwide investment to help mobilize AAPI voters a year ahead of the midterms. He plans to work with community leaders on awareness, conduct research into the needs of various fields, and dispel misinformation on social media.

Justice Unites Us — which under political action committee rules is not allowed to coordinate with campaigns — is also launching its targeted outreach in key U.S. Senate races in Arizona, Pennsylvania, Nevada and in Georgia.

Significant investment and a focus on AAPI voters helped Democrats narrowly sweep all seven of OC’s congressional districts in 2018, Ramakrishnan said.

In 2020, Kim and Steel helped Republicans repel the Blue Wave and retake two competitive congressional districts in Orange County. The women also made history as two of the first three Korean American women elected to the United States House of Representatives.

The following year, the RNC took advantage of the momentum and opened an Asia-Pacific American Community Center in the tiny Saigon of Westminster.

The facility, which is also used as an RNC field office, has been used by residents to hold dance lessons, share meals together and play games, in addition to telephone banking, Balch said.

The RNC has also expanded the languages ​​offered in outreach materials to include Vietnamese, Korean and Chinese as well as Hindi and Spanish. This weekend, the RNC will host its first class at the center for those working on citizenship, providing the kind of civics questions that appear on the naturalization test, Balch said. Participants will also receive help with English skills, she added.

“We have some of the most active volunteers leaving this office,” she said. “The ground game is really strong. There are people knocking on doors every day, phone banking several times a week, and door launches that always happen on weekends.

As campaigns begin to gear up, Ramakrishnan predicts AAPI voters could once again help swing red districts to blue, largely fueled by worries about hate crimes.

He is intrigued to see how the approach used by Justice Unites Us will play out with county businesses.

“These ethnic businesses have traditionally not published partisan literature,” Ramakrishnan said. “It will be interesting to see if some of these posts are more partisan posts – to what extent these ethnic business owners will allow them because they don’t necessarily want to alienate their customer base either. So I think they will have to be creative about how to engage these people.

read more
History organization

Elon University / Today at Elon / ElonComm is strongly represented at the AEJMC conference in Detroit

Faculty members Israel Balderas, Amanda Sturgill and Shannon Zenner received awards at the Association for Journalism and Mass Communication Education’s 2022 national convention.

With a dozen faculty, staff and students in attendance, the Elon University School of Communications was well represented at the Association for Journalism and Mass Communication Education’s 2022 National Convention. (AEJMC) in Detroit last week.

The ElonComm contingent attending the AEJMC 2022 National Convention enjoys a light moment in the rain in Detroit. Photo courtesy of Vanessa Bravo.

The conference, which took place from August 3-6, was the first in-person meeting of the AEJMC in three years and the four-day event included several highlights from ElonComm, including faculty members Israel Balderas , Amanda Sturgill and Shannon Zenner collecting awards.

Sturgill and a team of Interactive Media graduate students won first place in the Communication Technology and Visual Communication divisions’ Best of the Web/Best of Digital competition. In early 2021, a group of six students partnered with the Terra Cotta Heritage Foundation, located in Greensboro, to preserve the history of more than 200 families who lived and worked at Terra Cotta. As part of their project, the graduate students interviewed community members and conducted their own research to create a new website for the foundation, The new site has been designed to share the story of Terra Cotta in an engaging and accessible way for future generations.

Led by Sturgill, the student group included Yasmeen Grandison (Project Manager), Meagan Chalmers (Head of Video), Madeleine Horrell (Content Strategist), Meg Boericke (Head of Design), Michael Boyd (Head of Photography) and Ben Johnson (web developer).

Associate Professor Amanda Sturgill presents the award-winning website her team of Interactive Media students developed for the Terra Cotta Heritage Foundation. Photo courtesy of Bravo.

Zenner was recognized for her first-place faculty paper in the visual communication division. She presented her co-authored research entitled “You’re Just Not My Type: The Relationship between Fonts, Political Ideology, and Affective Polarization”. Additionally, Zenner was recognized as the winner of the 2022 Innovations in Teaching Competition for her research submission titled, “The Simple Self Evaluation: An Ungrading Technique to Increase Risk-Taking and Creativity.”

Finally, Balderas won third place in a teaching ideas competition panel presented by the association’s Law and Politics division.

Assistant Professor Shannon Zenner actively participated in the AEMJC convention, giving presentations, moderating panels and collecting a few awards. Photo courtesy of Zenner.

In addition to this year’s winners, Elon’s conference attendees included Vanessa Bravo, Dan Haygood, Jenny Jiang, Amber Moser, Jane O’Boyle, Hal Vincent and Qian Xu, as well as students Leila Jackson ’22 and Lindsay Gelman ’23.

Below is a recap of other Elon-related activities at the AEJMC convention:

  • Israel Balderas was a panelist on the panel on First Amendment Topics titled “‘Deplorable Speech’: The Radicals, Scoundrels, and Reds Behind Free Speech Precedents.” Organized by the Law and Policy Division of the AMCY, the panel profiled the individuals and groups behind many of the most lauded and famous precedents in free speech, including their motivations and reactions to their cases. Balderas was also a panelist on a teaching session titled “Designing and Teaching the Combined Law and Ethics Course.”
  • jenny jiang and Qian Xu co-presented “Co-evolution of discourse between influencers and regular users: A case study of tweets using the co-hashtags of #StopAsianHate and #BlackLivesMatter” as part of a committee-based article research session of reading. The session highlighted the positive impact of social media. Jiang, Xu, and Ashleigh Afromsky shared additional research, titled “What do employers expect for jobs requiring media analysis? A Comparison Between In-Person and Remote Positions During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” during the Internships and Careers Interest Group Best Papers session.
  • Amber Moser was a panelist for a teaching session titled “Preparing for Careers Beyond Academia after PhD”. The panel explored how PhD students can prepare for careers outside of academia by talking with PhD students. graduates who have secured employment in the technology industry.
  • Leila Jackson ’22 presented “Black, biracial or otherwise? An Analysis of Tweets Concerning Meghan Markle’s Race” as part of the Cultural and Critical Studies Division’s peer-reviewed article session. The session focused on critical and cultural studies in media communication.
  • bravo vanessa moderated the Minorities and Communication Division High Density Research Session and served as a commentator for the Division’s Best Papers, MAC Division Session. Additionally, Bravo presented the faculty and student scholarships to the respective winners at the MAC Division Social Gathering.
  • Shannon Zenner moderated a research group session titled “The Future of Visual Research and Visual Meaning Creation: Shaping Our Tools, Techniques, Methodologies, and Partnerships” and co-hosted the Visual Communication Division’s annual luncheon . Additionally, she served as a commentator for the division’s peer-reviewed papers session (poster) examining conflict, ideology, and memory.
  • Hal Vincent facilitated a session on professional freedom and responsibility titled “Beyond the Classroom: Leveraging Extracurricular Experiences to Equip Students from Diverse Backgrounds to Compete for the Best Jobs.” He was also a panelist for a session titled “Welcome Home: Celebrating, Encouraging and Coaching the Hybrid Practitioner/Scholar/Teacher Model at AEJMC”.
  • Amanda Sturgill participated in the discussion at the Communication Technology Division’s Top Faculty Research Session.

Also present was Elon’s graduate Contia’ Prince ’18, G’19, a doctoral candidate at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Prince presented a research paper titled “Instagram Faces and Fashion Nova Bodies: Black Women, Cosmetic Surgery and Hyper-Visual Culture,” at a session hosted by the Minorities and Communications Division.


The Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) is a non-profit educational association of educators, students and media professionals in journalism and mass communication. The association’s mission is to advance education, foster scholarly research, cultivate better professional practice, and promote the free flow of communication.

read more
History organization

Breakthrough: Landmark Climate Bill Passes Senate

As record heatwaves and flooding continue to hit communities across the United States, lawmakers have just taken a big step to address the climate crisis that is triggering and intensifying these disasters.

On August 7, the Senate passed the “Cut Inflation Act of 2022,” a budget deal that invests nearly $370 billion in renewable energy, environmental justice programs, old-growth forest protection, and other measures. According to an outside analysis, the bill will reduce U.S. climate emissions by at least 40% over the next eight years.

The novel crowns a year-and-a-half-long saga in which the legislative vehicle delivering these climate solutions has changed shape, changed name, clashed with political intrigue, and come back from the dead more once. Ie could not have crossed the finish line without the passionate voices of people like our members and supporters—thank you!

“Today is a great day. As climate alarm bells ring across the country, we celebrate and sigh with relief as the Senate passes the largest investment in climate and environmental justice in history. of the United States,” Jamie Williams, president of the Wilderness Society, said in a statement about the bill passage.

read more
History organization

How to create a successful e-commerce site

Organizations can build e-commerce sites relatively quickly, but for maximum success they need to consider key elements such as layout, catalog quality, and product pricing.

E-commerce websites can reach large audiences and allow people to shop 24/7, which can help organizations increase revenue and acquire new customers. Additionally, these sites require less overhead to operate than physical stores. However, if business owners do not consider the target audience, page design, and contact center staffing before building their e-commerce websites, their sites may fail due to a Poor CX and customer service.

Why create an e-commerce site?

An e-commerce website can boost an organization’s customer experience because it provides customers with the convenience and flexibility to shop anywhere, anytime. These online stores can use automatic product recommendations to provide customers with a personalized shopping experience and improve an organization’s ability to sell. Additionally, e-commerce sites can generate a high return on investment as they require a small investment compared to physical stores, which require location rental, utility fees, and in-store staff.

8 steps to create an e-commerce site

E-commerce websites can generate significant revenue, but only if organizations follow best practices. To create a successful e-commerce website, business owners should follow the following steps.

1. Consider an e-commerce platform

Organizations no longer need to design a top-down e-commerce website. In the past, they had to customize every catalog, checkout, and shipping page themselves. Now, organizations have the option of integrating their sites with an e-commerce platform.

Several vendors offer platforms that allow professionals to customize page designs and integrate them with their organization’s domain name. These platforms, many of which offer simple administrative functions, include the following:

  • Shopify
  • Square
  • BigCommerce
  • Wix
  • WooCommerce
  • Amazon
  • eBay

Although many platforms largely target US and European markets, other e-commerce platforms, such as and Alibaba, provide access to markets in China. Organizations that don’t want to invest in web development should consider an e-commerce platform.

2. Design for target audience and brand identity

Organizations need to identify their target audiences so that they can create an e-commerce site design that meets customer expectations. For example, customers of a jewelry store probably appreciate fashion and elegance and would appreciate a trendy and stylish site design when shopping online. Conversely, an outdoor clothing store may wish to focus their site design on robustness. Customer demographics such as age, gender, income level, and geographic location can help organizations understand the design preferences of their audience.

Additionally, organizations need to match their e-commerce site design to their brand identity to encourage brand recognition. For example, if a beauty salon uses a pink star as its logo, they might consider a pink-themed site design that features the logo in key places. Once organizations have identified their target audiences, creative teams can design layouts that resonate with their customers and brand identity.

3. Build a marketing strategy

To maximize site traffic, organizations should market their e-commerce sites across all channels that can reach their target audiences, which can include social media and Google Ads. Additionally, marketing teams should use SEO best practices in their content to reach new search engine users and send out email newsletters to stay in touch with existing customers.

Discover eight steps that can help organizations build successful e-commerce websites.

4. Offer a mobile option

Many people use their phones to shop online. Therefore, before an organization develops their e-commerce site or chooses a third-party platform, they must ensure that the developers or the platform can facilitate a smooth mobile experience. Organizations can also create mobile apps that customers can download for free on iPhone and Android devices. While developing mobile apps can cost organizations a lot more than just a mobile-friendly website, these apps can offer customers a more personalized and engaging CX than a website.

5. Create a loyalty program

Loyalty programs reward customers for their loyalty, which can help organizations increase sales on their e-commerce sites. These programs often follow a free model where customers can sign up at no cost and earn points as they spend more money with the organization. Other organizations offer a paid membership model where members pay membership fees but receive instant benefits. Whether free or subscription-based, loyalty programs can boost customer retention and brand loyalty.

6. Offer a detailed catalog and competitive prices

Online shoppers expect detailed product descriptions. Organizations should therefore provide high-quality images and text descriptions for all items in their catalogs. Organizations can even consider video descriptions for high-end or complex items. Additionally, web customers can easily discover competitors’ prices online, so organizations need to offer competitive pricing on their e-commerce sites.

7. Personalize the shopping experience

Organizations can increase their online sales by personalizing their customers’ shopping experiences. For example, organizations can use automatic recommendations on their e-commerce sites to provide personalized product suggestions to customers based on their web activity and purchase history. These recommendations can introduce customers to relevant new products and increase an organization’s sales.

8. Adequately staff a contact center

While e-commerce may eliminate the need for employees to take orders, process credit cards, and send product information, customer service agents must respond to customer inquiries and product questions. and services. For example, organizations need to have appropriate staffing in their contact centers so agents can respond quickly to customer emails, phone calls, social media posts, and live chat requests.

With third-party e-commerce platforms, organizations can quickly set up an e-commerce website. However, business leaders should not rush the process. Before building their websites, organizations need to consider key elements, such as target audience, design, catalog quality, marketing strategy, mobile functionality, and contact center staffing.

If an organization launches an e-commerce site before it has quality item descriptions or staffs its contact center appropriately, poor CX and customer service can frustrate customers and hurt the brand. Additionally, online stores face stiff competition, so organizations need to price their products appropriately and ensure that their sites work well on desktop and mobile devices.

read more
History organization

Senate votes overwhelmingly to add Sweden and Finland to NATO

WASHINGTON — The Senate on Wednesday overwhelmingly approved a treaty that would expand NATO to include Finland and Sweden, with Republicans and Democrats joining arms to pave the way for one of the most significant expansions of NATO. alliance for decades amid Russia’s continued assault on Ukraine.

The vote was 95 to 1, with only Senator Josh Hawley, Republican of Missouri, opposing the decision. The lopsided tally, far exceeding the two-thirds support needed to approve a treaty, underscored the bipartisan appetite for a tougher Western military alliance, even amid threats from Russian officials that Sweden and Finland would face retaliation if they joined NATO.

“Finland and Sweden’s membership will further strengthen NATO, and is all the more urgent in view of Russian aggression, in view of Putin’s immoral and unjustified war in Ukraine,” he said. Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and Majority Leader. “Putin is strengthening the NATO alliance, and nothing shows it better” than the resounding approval of the pact by the Senate.

The 30 current members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization must ratify the membership of the two countries. Twenty-two countries have already done so, but just two weeks ago Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to block membership bids from Finland and Sweden, which would prolong the process.

Still, US approval is a crucial step, and the vote was a triumph for President Biden. It was a vindication of his willingness to rally Western allies to confront Mr. Putin’s brutal campaign in Ukraine and a step towards fulfilling his commitment as presidential candidate to restore badly frayed alliances during the era Trump and to reaffirm the role of the United States in protecting democracy around the world.

“This historic vote sends an important signal of the United States’ sustained, bipartisan commitment to NATO and ensuring that our alliance is ready to meet the challenges of today and tomorrow,” Mr. Biden in a statement, adding that he looked forward to welcoming “two strong democracies with highly capable militaries, into the greatest defensive alliance in history.”

Democrats have argued that adding Sweden and Finland to NATO would reduce the burden on the United States and the wider alliance.

“More than ever, it’s crystal clear that NATO plays a vital role in America’s security and as a bulwark in protecting peace and democracies around the world,” said Sen. Bob Menendez, Democrat of New Jersey and chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations.

“Seventy years ago, the democratic nations of Europe and the United States came together to defend the liberty, liberty and individual rights of their citizens against the threat of a militarized Soviet Union,” continued Mr Menendez. “Now – as then – the defensive alliance serves as a bulwark of stability and the rule of law for the peoples of its member states.”

The voting margin also reflected a stark rejection by Republicans of the “America First” philosophy espoused by President Donald J. Trump, who openly disdained NATO and American commitments to international organizations.

Some Republicans in the Senate have watched with concern as a growing number of their colleagues, seeking to emulate Mr. Trump and appeal to his supporters, have taken anti-interventionist stances at odds with their party’s traditional hawkish stance. Even when Mr. Trump occupied the White House, foreign policy was one of the few areas where Republicans dared to challenge him.

Wednesday’s crushing tally – with just one defection – was one of the strongest rejections to date of this isolationist worldview. Senator Rand Paul, Republican of Kentucky, voted present.

Few Republicans have expressed qualms about striking a mutual defense pact with a country that shares an 800-mile border with Russia, arguing instead that it would strengthen the alliance.

The vote came a day after Republicans in the House rallied around Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California – one of their bitterest political opponents – for defying Chinese government warnings and surrendering. in Taiwan. That support and Wednesday’s resounding vote stands in stark contrast to the pitched battles Republicans have fought with Democrats over domestic policy.

It also marked the success of a concerted effort by Senator Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky and Minority Leader, who has long pushed against anti-interventionist tension in his party but has in recent months launched a particularly aggressive effort to publicly rallying support for the kind of assertive military presence abroad that was once considered Republican orthodoxy.

Determined to show the world that Mr. Trump’s views on military aid and alliances had no sway over Senate Republicans, the Republican leader visited Ukraine, Sweden and Finland in May. .

Mr McConnell argued that Sweden and Finland would be able to shoulder their share of the defense burden, in a bid to counter a concern frequently voiced by Tories about being added to the alliance. And he had argued to his members that ‘even closer cooperation’ with the two nations would help the United States counter China, another argument made by Republicans saying the United States needed to shift its defense resources. from Europe to Asia.

“Their membership will make NATO stronger and America more secure,” McConnell said in a speech to the Senate on Wednesday. “If a senator is looking for a valid excuse to vote no, I wish him luck.”

Only Mr Hawley, who is widely seen as an aspiring presidential candidate in 2024, voted against the treaty, writing in an opinion piece that ‘NATO expansion would almost certainly mean more US forces in Europe long-term”.

“Faced with this harsh reality, we have to choose,” Mr Hawley said. “We need to do less in Europe (and elsewhere) in order to prioritize China and Asia.”

The other four Republican senators who are widely believed to have presidential aspirations — Ted Cruz of Texas, Tom Cotton of Arkansas, Tim Scott of South Carolina and Marco Rubio of Florida — all voted in favor of the expansion.

Mr. Cruz, in a brief interview, called NATO “the most successful military alliance in modern history” and said “bringing in serious additional military capabilities” would only strengthen it.

And Mr Cotton visited the Senate on Wednesday afternoon ahead of the vote to make a point-by-point argument against opponents of the treaty, calling them “scaremongers and backwards”.

“Some critics say America shouldn’t commit to protecting countries halfway around the world,” Cotton said. “But these criticisms come seven decades too late. We are already bound by treaty to defend more than two dozen nations in Europe.

The “real question today”, he said, “is whether adding two capable and strong nations to our mutual defense pact will make us stronger or weaker”.

Only the Senate has the power to review and approve treaties. Last month, in a show of solidarity, the House passed a non-binding resolution supporting Finland and Sweden joining NATO, by 394 votes to 18.

read more
History organization

Biden’s big win came from embracing a long political tradition


President Joe Biden is finally on a winning streak.

He and his allies in Congress have passed or are about to pass several major bills. Alongside a major domestic semiconductor production bill, Biden could soon win a budget reconciliation bill that includes significant climate action, a three-year extension of the Act’s expanded insurance premium subsidies. Affordable Care (ACA) and several provisions designed to reduce prescription drug prices, all while reducing the deficit through a new minimum corporate tax, increased IRS enforcement and cost savings incorporated into health care arrangements.

The reconciliation bill is still a shrunken remnant of Biden’s once-ambitious ‘Build Back Better’ proposal, leaving the question of whether that limited — but still real — achievement excites voters enough to improve Biden’s approval rating. Biden.

The health care provisions are a good example. The prescription drug measures and insurance subsidies will make a difference in the lives of many Americans, but they do not fundamentally change an inefficient, expensive and inequitable health care system. They’re also more limited than the proposals in the original Build Back Better bill, which included new Medicare benefits, increased Medicaid coverage for postpartum care, and premium subsidies for those whose states haven’t expanded. Medicaid as permitted by the ACA. The bill also made a wider range of prescription drugs subject to price negotiations.

The history of health care politics, however, suggests that this is how change generally happens in this area – not just in the United States but around the world.

It’s not that liberal leaders didn’t try to make sweeping reforms.

For decades, American presidents have worked to transform the health care system. Franklin D. Roosevelt did not include National Health Insurance in the Social Security Act of 1935 because he feared opposition from physicians would defeat the entire bill. But Harry S. Truman took over, twice proposing such legislation, only to see the leading organization of physicians, the American Medical Association, step up in exactly the way Roosevelt had feared.

And yet, despite Truman’s legislative defeats, Congress passed the Hill-Burton Act, which funded the building of hospitals in underserved areas, and the National Heart Act, which expanded the National Institutes of Health. (NIH) into several interrelated institutes focused on specific disease areas. . While not the sweeping transformations envisioned by Truman and his allies, it increased access to health care nationwide, and the expanded NIH laid the foundation for much of the research modern medicine.

Lyndon B. Johnson is often hailed as a president who did great things – nothing seems more emblematic of his legislative credentials than the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. In fact, however, Medicare represented a strategic post-defeat retreat. Truman’s proposals. by those who dreamed of national health insurance. Realizing that the elderly were a sympathetic and vulnerable population that private insurers had little interest in covering, they were successful in obtaining health coverage for the elderly.

During the 1970s, Presidents Richard M. Nixon and Jimmy Carter and Senator Ted Kennedy (D-Mass.) all pursued various forms of national health insurance and, in Carter’s case, serious hospital cost control. . None passed, and Kennedy later regretted not compromising on any of the universal coverage proposals. A limited measure that became law was the Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO) Act of 1973, which required employers to offer HMOs as an insurance option, while imposing restrictive regulations that effectively limited their initial growth. . For better or for worse, this legislation had consequences: it laid the foundation for the “managed care” revolution of the 1980s and 1990s, which transformed health care by requiring pre-approval of medical services by insurers to limit overspending.

Even during the 1980s — generally seen as an era of social policy retreat — congressional Democrats succeeded in expanding Medicaid eligibility and began the process of de-stigmatizing the program and making it a central pillar of care. American health. These achievements did not spark widespread celebrations, but they continued the slow expansion model of affordable coverage.

Bill Clinton’s presidency embodied more than half a century of political health care struggles – in 1994, his iconic universal coverage plan collapsed and burned. Yet Clinton banded together politically and worked with the bipartisan duo of Kennedy and Sen. Nancy Kassebaum (R-Kan.) to pass legislation that provided a basis for federal regulation of private insurance, enabled workers to retain employer coverage after leaving a job and increased patient numbers. privacy. During his second term, Clinton won passage of the Children’s Health Insurance Program, a major expansion of federal-state health coverage for low-income children.

None of these measures introduced a single-payer health care system, as activists might have wished. However, all made only limited improvements to the existing system, solved problems and established a starting point for subsequent legislative cycles.

This set the stage for Barack Obama, who carried out the most complete reinvention of our system to date. Yet the ACA relied almost entirely on the regulation, reorganization and subsidization of existing private insurance structures. His use of individual and employer mandates mirrored earlier Republican proposals dating back to Nixon, suggesting that with greater willingness to strike a deal, Kennedy or Clinton could have accomplished something similar decades earlier. The ACA also dramatically expanded Medicaid and completed a 30-year process to integrate what had once been a poorly funded and stigmatized “social medicine” program into the heart of the American system.

The ACA, however, left a lot of things up in the air. Perhaps its most notable shortcomings have been the sudden drop in insurance subsidies to a level where many middle-income Americans still cannot afford private coverage, and the failure to address the price of prescription drugs.

This set the stage for Biden’s presidency and hope that Biden will usher in great legislation, like Roosevelt and Johnson before him. But the realities of a 50-50 Senate, a deeply divided party with unresolved ideological conflicts and, of course, the unpredictability of national and global events (in particular, a stubborn pandemic, runaway inflation and the invasion of Ukraine by Russia) intervened.

A drastic change will not happen, again. Yet Congress is poised to pass health care legislation that follows the now-familiar pattern: It may not excite activists, but it will make crucial changes to the health care system that will will make many Americans’ medications cheaper and their insurance premiums cheaper. more affordable.

The challenge for the Biden administration is to make sure voters understand that this kind of incremental change, whether in health care or on climate and technology policy, is exactly the kind of politically messy, technical progress but ultimately substantial and lasting that Biden promised during the 2020 election.

This pattern also fits the global history of health care policy. In most other countries, the health care system has also developed gradually over time. This includes the UK’s National Health Service, which evolved from workers’ insurance programs set up in 1911 and expanded to include emergency medical care benefits during World War II. Similarly, the systems in Canada, France and Germany also developed gradually and built on pre-existing structures and institutions.

Like presidents and lawmakers before him, Biden is now plotting the next round of changes that will make health care more attainable for more Americans.

So the reconciliation bill may not transform health care overnight, but it’s still a huge win.

read more
History organization

‘Everyone seems to think it’ll go away on its own’: Hockey parents frustrated with the sport’s toxic culture

WARNING: This article contains abuse details.

As Hockey Canada grapples with the public fallout over its organization’s handling of sexual assault claims in the past, some Canadians are wondering how anyone could trust hockey’s national governing body and are calling for action and change at all levels of sport.

“I’m not sure it’s still possible for women to trust an organization with that kind of history,” said Beatrice van Dijk, mother of four girls who played hockey in Toronto. Cross country review.

“I’m not sure it’s possible for parents who care about young men being raised in an environment of non-toxic, non-highly sexualized power to trust an institution that has allowed such behavior. “

The Hockey Canada controversy began in May, when the organization reached a settlement with a young woman who alleges she was sexually assaulted in 2018 by eight Canadian Hockey League players, including members of the World Junior Team of that year.

Since then, Sport Canada, an arm of the federal Department of Heritage, has frozen funding for Hockey Canada. Several sponsors, including Scotiabank and Tim Hortons, have suspended or withdrawn their sponsorships of the organization.

Halifax police have also opened an investigation into a separate 2003 gang sexual assault allegation involving members of Canada’s 2003 World Juniors team.

Lack of responsibility

Hockey Canada executives testifying before a House of Commons committee on Wednesday said they had paid $8.9 million for sexual abuse settlements to 21 plaintiffs since 1989 from the “National Equity Fund,” which, according to them, is generated by membership fees and investments.

It’s an embarrassing time for a Canadian associated with hockey.-Beatrice van Dijk, mother of four hockey-playing daughters

Van Dijk, whose husband was a professional hockey player in Germany, said it shows action is not being taken to hold people accountable.

“It’s an embarrassing time to be a Canadian associated with hockey,” she said.

“I don’t know why you would want to accept an invitation to attend one of Hockey Canada’s events, given that it has been tarnished by this story.”

Van Dijk, who is 48 and now lives in New York state, says incidents like the one Hockey Canada is currently dealing with are nothing new.

“Everyone seems to think it’s going to go away on its own, and nobody wants to talk about the details.”

LISTEN | Hockey mom on the “complete institutional failure” of the Hockey Canada scandal:

Subway morning7:57Hockey mom and coach says Hockey Canada sex assault scandal is result of ‘complete institutional failure’

Beatrice Van dijk is a mother of 4 girls who played hockey in Toronto

A long-standing problem

Former Canadian Hockey League goaltender Brock McGillis has first-hand experience of the toxic culture of hockey.

He played for the Windsor Spitfires and the Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds of the Ontario Hockey League from 2001 to 2002. He was in his late teens at the time and said his experiences in the junior hockey locker room made him hate his life.

Former Ontario Hockey League player Brock McGill came out in November 2016 and is now an activist in the LGBTQ+ space. (Submitted by Brock McGillis)

“The impact of being a gay man in there, of hiding who I was and adhering to norms and becoming a philandering hockey brother – and what it did to me, I mean, quite honestly, I was going home … and trying to die by suicide,” he said. Cross Country Record.

McGillis, who came out in November 2016, says conformity is one of the biggest barriers to hockey culture.

“People dress the same…talk the same whether they are or not,” he said. “There’s no place to be anything other than the norm – and if you are, you’re different.”

According to McGillis, because the players are predominantly white, mostly middle to upper class, and generally assumed to be straight, it creates an environment in the locker room where people can say and do things without being held accountable, including using language and engaging in behavior that hurts women, minorities and members of the LGBTQ community.

“Then, in turn, you see thoughts and behaviors that lead to bigotry, misogyny, and sexual assault.”

LISTEN | Academic Teresa Fowler on Hockey Canada’s ongoing problem with sexism:

Day 69:02Hockey Canada’s ongoing problem with sexism and misogyny

Teresa Fowler, an assistant professor of education at Concordia University in Edmonton, is part of a team that interviewed elite-level male hockey players about their experiences with sexism, misogyny and hypermasculinity in the sport. She says her research shows the problem is pervasive, persistent and systematic.

stay silent

Some of the blame lies with the adults in those spaces for not doing more to hold those players accountable, McGillis says, citing coaches who come from the same culture and reinforce it in their own coaching.

“And usually hockey players have hockey babies,” he said. “Parents who come from the hockey culture place their kids in hockey. So it’s a learned and normalized culture.”

No one wants to be the person who seems to be stirring the pot.-Theresa Bailey, co-founder of Canadian Hockey Moms

Theresa Bailey, a hockey parent for about 16 years and co-founder of advice website Canadian Hockey Moms, says parents want to have those conversations, but avoid speaking publicly for fear their kids will face repercussions.

“I think everybody wants to talk about these things, but nobody wants to get in trouble with member associations or provincial associations,” she said. Cross Country Record.

“Nobody wants to be the person who looks like they’re stirring the pot.”

WATCH | Advocates say hockey culture needs to change:

Hockey culture must change, advocates say, amid new sexual assault allegations

Calls for accountability from Hockey Canada are growing – along with demands for a change in hockey culture – after police opened an investigation into an alleged sexual assault at the 2003 World Juniors.

Bailey says she thinks people in positions of power in minor hockey associations that are typically volunteer-based aren’t equipped or trained enough to deal with the toxic aspects of hockey culture.

“It’s tricky,” she said. “I’ve seen people not really know how to deal with some of the issues that come up, or deal with them in a way that prevents people from coming forward.”

To take a position

Bailey believes the best way to eliminate the toxic atmosphere is for Hockey Canada and similar associations to encourage diversity within teams, coaching staffs and the board of directors.

“I don’t know what else to do but put people in there with differing opinions that won’t be shut down.”

Looking ahead, van Dijk believes there is an opportunity to fix hockey culture – and the first step is for parents to take a stand with their wallets when it comes to paying fees in associations local hockey.

“I would say, ‘I’ll pay you that fee, but only if you don’t pay anything to the provincial hockey association until that provincial hockey association takes a stand on Hockey Canada,'” she said.

“Because our fees are going to enable confusing, toxic and predatory sexual behavior among young men, and we don’t want that kind of society.”

Support is available for anyone who has experienced sexual assault. You can access crisis lines and local support services through this Government of Canada website or the Canadian Association for the Elimination of Violence Database. If you are in immediate danger or fear for your safety or the safety of those around you, please call 911.

If you or someone you know is having trouble, here’s where to get help:

This guide to Center for Addiction and Mental Health explains how to talk about suicide with someone you’re worried about.

Written by Mouhamad Rachini. Produced by Abby Plener and Steve Howard.

read more
History organization

10 biggest data breaches in history and how to prevent them

Data breaches happen for many reasons, as evidenced by this list of the biggest data breaches in history. Whether it’s an outdated and vulnerable network or an employee clicking on a phishing email, data breaches can harm a business and its reputation.

A number of lessons can be learned from reviewing past data breaches. In fact, some of the most damaging breaches listed here could have been avoided if organizations had followed simple good cybersecurity hygiene practices.

Learn about the biggest data breaches, based on the number of compromised records, and get tips on how to prevent a similar breach in your organization.


Compromised files: 3 billion

Breakup date: August 2013

Publication date: December 2016

Yahoo initially announced in 2016 that its 2013 breach affected only one billion accounts. After Verizon acquired Yahoo in 2017, news broke that the figure was actually 3 billion. The breach affected Yahoo email accounts and other company services, including Tumblr, Flickr, Yahoo Fantasy Sports and Yahoo Finance.

Malicious hackers obtained users’ names, dates of birth, phone numbers and passwords, as well as security questions and email addresses used to reset passwords. No financial data – such as credit card numbers or bank details – was exposed. Yahoo said in its initial disclosure that it forced password resets for all accounts that had been changed since 2013 and invalidated old security questions and accounts. To date, the cause of the breach has not been disclosed.

How to prevent this type of attack:

  • Perform continuous security monitoring and testing.
  • Perform vulnerability and penetration testing regularly to enable security teams to fix flaws before cybercriminals can take advantage of them.

2. Aadhar

Files compromised: 1.1 billion

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: January 2018

The records of 1.1 billion Indian citizens have been exposed after a breach of Aadhaar, the country’s government identification database. Although it is not mandatory for citizens to register with the database, it is mandatory for those who wish to access certain government resources or aids.

The Tribune reported the breach after journalists paid someone on WhatsApp 500 Indian rupees (about $8 in 2018) for a code allowing unauthorized access to names, dates of birth, email addresses, phone numbers and codes from the database. The seller offered journalists – for an additional Rs 300 (about $5 in 2018) – software that would allow them to print unique ID cards.

The seller was part of a group that gained access to the database through former Aadhaar employees, according to The Tribune. ZDNet later reported that the leak involved a system run by a public utility company that accessed the database through an insecure API used to verify customer identities.

How to prevent this type of attack:

3. America’s first financial

Compromised files: 885 million

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: May 2019

In May 2019, security researcher Brian Krebs reported that 885 million First American Financials files had been leaked from the insurance company’s website. The records, which dated back to 2003, included bank account information, social security numbers, mortgage records, tax documents and photocopies of driver’s licenses. The website did not require a password to access the files.

First American said it “became aware of a design flaw in an application that made possible unauthorized access to customer data.” The design error, known as insecure direct object reference (IDOR)is an access control vulnerability where a link intended for a specific user is created but does not verify the user’s identity to allow access.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

4. Online spambot

Compromised files: 711 million

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: August 2017

In 2017, security researcher Troy Hunt reported that Benkow, a Paris-based security researcher, discovered an exposed spam server known as Onliner. Benkow gave Hunt the spambot’s list of 711 million exposed records, which included email addresses and passwords.

Onliner was spread via a data-stealing Trojan horse for at least a year before it was detected.

How to prevent this kind of attack:


Compromised files: 533 million

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: April 2021

A 2021 Facebook data breach was reported after a leaked database containing the sensitive data of 533 million users was posted on a hacking forum page. Facebook said malicious actors obtained the phone numbers, names, locations and email addresses of its users by scraping, not hacking, its systems. Scraping is a process that allows users and robots to extract data from publicly available websites.

Facebook said it believed the threat actors had harvested the data using a feature designed to help users find friends by connecting their account to their contact lists. The company changed the feature in September 2019, after discovering it was being used for malicious purposes, to prevent future scraping.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

Data breaches affect every industry, from hospitality to technology and finance.


Compromised files: 500 million

Breakup date: November/December 2014

Publication date: September 2016

Yahoo has the unique distinction of not only being at the top of our list of biggest data breaches, but also being on the list for two separate events.

Yahoo announced in 2016 that 500 million of its accounts were compromised in a state-sponsored attack in 2014. Yahoo said the information stolen could include names, email addresses, birth dates, hashed phone numbers and passwords. In 2018, Karim Baratov was sentenced to five years in prison for the offense after being found guilty of helping Russian intelligence agents gain access to “persons of interest” accounts.

Yahoo attributed the attack to a spear phishing email following an internal investigation.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

7. FriendFinder Networks

Compromised files: 412 million

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: November 2016

A breach in 2016 exposed the accounts of 412 million users of adult data and entertainment company FriendFinder Networks. The leak included 20 years of usernames, email addresses, passwords and other sensitive information, as well as 15 million deleted accounts that were still in its systems.

The researchers found source code for the company’s production environment and leaked public and private key pairs online. The company confirmed to ZDNet that it fixed an injection vulnerability that allowed access to source code.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

8. Marriott International

Compromised files: 383 million

Breakup date: 2014

Publication date: November 2018

Hotel provider Marriott International announced in 2018 that attackers had accessed its Starwood guest database four years prior. The records exposed included names, phone numbers, passport details, postal and email addresses, guest arrival and departure information and, in some cases, encrypted credit card numbers.

The breach was discovered following an alert from its internal security systems. Attackers had infiltrated the database and encrypted and exfiltrated sensitive data. Marriott originally believed the breach exposed information for 500 million customers, but after further internal investigation, the company announced that the breach affected approximately 383 million customers. The cause of the rupture, however, remains unknown. Marriott acquired Starwood in 2016, but by 2018 had not migrated it to Marriott’s systems; the Starwood database continued to use legacy computing infrastructure.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

9. Twitter

Number of records: 330 million

Breakup date: Unknown

Publication date: May 2018

Twitter advised its more than 330 million users are changing their passwords following a 2018 issue that resulted in some plaintext passwords being stored in an internal logging system. The company said it discovered the bug itself and has since removed unhashed passwords, putting measures in place to prevent future issues.

It remains unclear how long the passwords were exposed and how many users were affected. The social network said it had no evidence the passwords had been maliciously accessed.

How to prevent this kind of attack:


Compromised files: 250 million

Breakup date: December 2019

Publication date: January 2020

Microsoft revealed in 2020 that 250 million customer service and support cases spanning a 14-year period had been leaked online. The company said personal data was removed from records before it was stored, but some plaintext email addresses and IP addresses were exposed. Microsoft said it found no signs of misuse of the recordings, which were on display for just under a month.

Microsoft attributed the breach to the misconfiguration of internal database security rules.

How to prevent this kind of attack:

read more
History organization

Proposal for Griner, Whelan follows history of US-Russian prisoner exchanges


Washington’s “substantial offer” to Moscow to free WNBA star Brittney Griner and security consultant Paul Whelan from Russian custody follows a long history of prisoner swaps between the adversaries.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken and White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby declined to elaborate, but Kirby said the Biden administration is “pursuing all avenues” to bring back Griner and Whelan at home.

News of the US proposal follows the April swap of former US Marine Trevor Reed for Russian pilot Konstantin Yaroshenko in Turkey after months of negotiations. At the time, Bill Richardson, a retired lawmaker and diplomat who helped secure Reed’s release, told the Post he hoped the swap would pave the way for others and show that “both countries can, despite our huge differences, achieve a humanitarian breakthrough. ”

On July 27, National Security Council spokesman John Kirby confirmed the offer of a prisoner exchange with Russia in exchange for Brittney Griner and Paul Whelan. (Video: The Washington Post)

An exchange with Griner and Whelan would be the latest in decades of captive swaps between Washington and Moscow. The approach has cooled tensions and brought Americans and their allies home, although critics have argued that the exchanges incite holding Americans hostage.

“There’s a balance to be struck with every arrangement,” Kirby told reporters during a press briefing. “The balance between getting people home, but also making sure our own national security is upheld and that…we don’t encourage hostage taking.”

The first major exchange between the United States and the Soviet Union took place in February 1962, over the Glienicke Bridge connecting East and West Germany. The Americans freed convicted KGB spy Rudolf Abel in exchange for American pilot Francis Gary Powers, whose U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. An American student detained in East Germany, Frederic Pryor, was also released as part of the deal.

However, this exchange almost never took place. US authorities were seeking the death penalty for Abel after his arrest in 1957. His US attorney, James Donovan, raised the idea of ​​a prisoner exchange, arguing that Abel would not face the death penalty.

“It is possible that in the foreseeable future,” Donovan said, “an American of equivalent rank will be captured by the Soviet Union or an ally. At that time, a prisoner exchange might be considered to be in the best interest of the United States.

In 1960, Powers’ plane was shot down over the Ural Mountains in the Soviet Union, setting the stage for the exchange.

The exchange was later portrayed in the 2015 Hollywood film “Bridge of Spies” – the nickname given to the Glienicke Bridge, which hosted several other prisoner exchanges during the Cold War. Actor Tom Hanks played Donovan.

After further exchanges in the years that followed, Washington and Moscow staged the largest East-West exchange of its kind when they exchanged more than two dozen people on the Glienicke Bridge in June 1985. United has released three convicted spies and one indicted, including Polish spy Marian Zacharski, who was found guilty of stealing top-secret military technology.

In return, 23 people held in East German and Polish prisons were released. Two other East Germans and their families were also allowed to leave for the West.

It took three years to reach an agreement on the exchange, the Washington Post reported at the time. Richard Burt, who would become US Ambassador to West Germany, expressed his satisfaction, saying those freed by the Russians were “very, very happy people”. A year later, another exchange would see Russian Nobel laureate Anatoly Sharansky freed by Soviet authorities.

Amid Griner trial, Russia warns US against pressure for prisoner swap

Even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, prisoner exchanges continued.

In 2010, US authorities freed 10 Russian agents who had become deeply entrenched in US society by posing as citizens – later inspiring the TV show ‘The Americans’. In exchange, the Kremlin agreed to release four Russian officials it had imprisoned for illegal contacts with the West.

Among the expelled Russian spies was Anna Chapman, whose high-profile spy case caught his international attention. After returning home, she appeared on Russian television and on the cover of the Russian edition of Maxim magazine, dressed in lingerie and holding a gun.

Celebrity columnist Liz Kelly at the time expressed wry relief: “I sleep soundly knowing that this (red-headed) menace is thousands of miles from American shores, now confined to practicing his seduction on Russians. “

While officials haven’t confirmed details of the Griner-Whelan proposal, Blinken’s comments heighten speculation about a potential prisoner swap involving Viktor Bout, a Russian arms dealer serving a 25-year prison sentence in Illinois for conspiracy to kill Americans and selling weapons to terrorist entities. .

WNBA star Brittney Griner testified on July 27 during her trial in Moscow for drug trafficking. She said her rights were not read when she was detained in February. (Video: Reuters)

Michael McFaul, the U.S. Ambassador to Russia during the Obama administration, told The Post in April 2020 that trading someone like Bout for Whelan would put the United States in “a tough spot.”

“There’s a real asymmetry in trading an innocent American for a real, convicted felon who happens to have Russian citizenship,” McFaul said.

read more
History organization

Briefs filed with the Supreme Court in defense of affirmative action

Although the Supreme Court last week separated affirmative action cases involving Harvard University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, both universities filed briefs in their cases today. Each brief featured the cases of affirmative action in admissions and was accompanied by the President of Harvard and the Chancellor of Chapel Hill speaking directly about the cases.

Harvard’s brief cited the background and history of the 14th Amendment, guaranteeing “equal protection of laws.” And he pointed out that the Supreme Court has 40 years of precedent confirming the ability of colleges and universities to consider race as one factor among others in admissions decisions.

“The framers of the Fourteenth Amendment understood that race could be seen as advancing overarching governmental goals, rejecting more absolute language [Students for Fair Admissions] would have preferred, and state and federal authorities at the time adopted race-conscious measures to promote the equal participation of African Americans in society,” the brief reads. (Students for Fair Admissions filed the lawsuit that led to the Supreme Court cases.)

Additionally, the brief states that the Supreme Court has repeatedly stated that diversity has benefits for education.

“This finding reflects common sense reality, not stereotype,” the brief said. “This court’s repeated statements that the educational benefits of student body diversity are a compelling governmental interest justifying narrowly tailored consideration of race in college admissions are correct, empirically sound, and consistent with precedent. .”

Harvard President Lawrence S. Bacow said, “I encourage everyone to read the memoir. He also argues persuasively that the text and history of the 14th Amendment supports the conclusion that the Constitution permits race to be considered as one factor among others in a whole-person admissions process. We remain firm believers that every college and university must retain the freedom and flexibility to create the diverse educational communities that will prepare their students for the opportunities and challenges they will face in an increasingly diverse society.

The University of North Carolina brief highlighted the nature of college admissions. He noted that UNC considers academic performance, class ranking, essays, experiences and potential contributions to the educational environment on campus, geography, military background and socioeconomic background. . UNC only considers race or ethnicity if a student chooses to share that information and, even then, as one of many factors.

“Carolina is passionately public, and we’re proud to be one of the few flagship universities to practice blind admissions and provide assistance to low-debt, full-needs students,” said Chapel Hill Chancellor , Kevin M. Guskiewicz, in a statement. “Our approach to admissions serves the university’s mission and reflects our core values. Every student deserves their place at Carolina.

“As a faculty member here for over 27 years, I have witnessed firsthand the value of our holistic admissions process,” Guskiewicz said. “Each year we welcome new, bright and talented Tar Heels from a variety of backgrounds and with different lived experiences. Their interactions with others who have a wide range of experiences are critical to their education and success in the life after graduation.

Chapel Hill students and alumni also filed a brief with the Supreme Court, in which they harshly criticized the university. Chapel Hill recognized the impact of segregation and Jim Crow in its history, but students and alumni made these points crucial.

“Being black is intrinsically tied to all of my life experiences and, therefore, my candidacy for college,” said Andrew Brennan, UNC Class of 2019. “This lawsuit is a blatant attempt to undervalue and overlook students of color like me. I have witnessed firsthand the benefits of a multiracial campus, which accurately reflects the society we live in and allows students to have a more culturally enriched educational experience. It will be a disservice to all students if we undo the progress we have made in diversifying schools across the country, which is largely through affirmative action.

The other side

Students for Fair Admission could not be reached for comment.

However, in May, when he weighed in with the Supreme Court on the cases, he had a very different view from all the briefs filed on Monday.

Edward Blum, president of the group, said at the time: “The ancient faith that gave birth to the civil rights laws of our country is the principle that an individual’s race should not be used for help or harm him in his life’s endeavors. It is the hope of the vast majority of all Americans that the judges will end these polarizing admissions policies.

Also in May, groups that side with students for fair admissions filed briefs with the Supreme Court.

Many more submissions are expected next week. August 1 is the deadline for submissions supporting Harvard and UNC.

Cases must be debated in the fall.

read more
History organization

WHO updates its COVID-19 strategy with the aim of vaccinating all health workers, most at risk |

The plan prioritizes the vaccination of 100% of healthcare workers and vulnerable groups, including the elderly and those with underlying conditions, in line with efforts to vaccinate 70% of the world’s population.

More than 12 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine have been administered worldwide to date, enabling countries to reach an average of 60% of their population.

Yet only 28% of older people and 37% of healthcare workers in low-income countries have received their first round of vaccines, and most have not received booster doses.

Many advantages

“Even where 70% vaccination coverage is achieved, if significant numbers of health workers, the elderly and other at-risk groups are not vaccinated, deaths will continue, health systems will remain under strain and the global recovery will be at risk,” Tedros said. Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of WHO.

“Vaccinating all those most at risk is the best way to save lives, protect health systems and keep societies and economies open.”

The updated strategy emphasizes the need to measure progress in vaccinating these priority groups and develop targeted approaches to reach them, which also includes improved access to more displaced people through the response. humanitarian.

Invest and improve

Accelerating the development of improved vaccines and ensuring equitable access to dramatically reduce transmission of the virus is a top priority.

While current vaccines were designed to prevent serious illness and death, and have saved millions of lives, they have not significantly reduced transmission, the WHO said.

As the coronavirus continues to circulate widely and dangerous new variants emerge, the UN agency stressed that it is fundamental to continue investing in research and development to find more effective and simpler ways to administer vaccines, for example via nasal spray products.

WHO also called for other vital actions, such as the equitable distribution of vaccine manufacturing facilities across regions, and underscored its commitment to continue collaborating with the international vaccine solidarity initiative COVAX and others. partners, to support countries in deployment.

read more
History organization

How Apple is empowering people to access their health information

read more
History organization

USA Blue Angels name first female pilot in team history

The U.S. Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, conducts a flyover as part of a tour of U.S. cities to honor first responders and essential workers during the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID -19) over Houston, Texas, May 6, 2020. US Navy/Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Cody Hendrix/Handout via REUTERS/File Photo

Join now for FREE unlimited access to


July 18 (Reuters) – The US Navy’s famed Blue Angels air display team on Monday named the first female pilot in the squadron’s history, the organization said.

Lt. Amanda Lee is one of six new core members selected for the team, which was founded 76 years ago, the Navy said. He said Navy and Marine Corps women have served with the Blue Angels for 55 years, but never before as pilots.

The Blue Angels were formed in 1946 to generate public support and boost Navy morale by performing air moves at air shows, sporting events, and other flying displays.

Join now for FREE unlimited access to


Lee, from Mounds View, Minnesota, is currently assigned to Strike Fighter Squadron 106 Demonstration Team, known as the Gladiators, stationed at Naval Air Station Oceana in Virginia Beach, Virginia. She and the other new members will report to the Blue Angels in September.

After the current winter season ends, members will undergo five months of training at a California facility before beginning the 2023 show season.

There are 17 officers currently on the Blue Angels. They typically serve two years with the team.

“The mission of the Blue Angels is to showcase teamwork and professionalism in the United States Navy and Marine Corps through flight demonstrations and community outreach while inspiring a culture of ‘excellence and service to country,’ the Navy wrote in a statement.

Join now for FREE unlimited access to


Reporting by Randi Love in New York; edited by Jonathan Oatis

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

read more
History organization

Filipinos are buying books to preserve the truth about the Marcos regime

The rush to buy books documenting Marcos’ destructive 21-year reign comes as his son, Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., takes office after a landslide election victory in May.

Marcos Jr. has never publicly acknowledged or apologized for the human rights abuses, corruption and theft that historians say took place under his father’s leadership.

And there are fears that now that he is in power, he is trying to rewrite history.

Journalist Raissa Robles, author of ‘Marcos Martial Law: Never Again’, said after Marcos Jr.’s victory she received emails from readers around the world asking to reprint the detailed dive into the victims of the martial law.

“The price of the book had almost doubled and yet people were buying the book in batches. They weren’t just buying one or two. They were buying five or 10 at a time,” Robles said.

The main source of concern came from the president himself.

In 2020, when Marcos Jr. was preparing to run for president, he made clear his desire to revise the textbooks that documented his parents’ corrupt and brutal regime.

‘We’ve been calling for this for years,’ Marco Jr. told a National Press Club forum, as he accused those in power since his father’s death of ‘teaching children lies’ .

According to human rights groups, under the Marcos regime, from 1965 to 1986, tens of thousands of people were imprisoned, tortured or killed for perceived or actual criticism of the government. Marcos Sr., who died in exile in 1989, and his wife, Imelda, 93, were also convicted of widespread corruption, including theft of around $10 billion in public money.

The family have repeatedly denied using public funds for their personal use – a claim disputed in several court cases.

CNN contacted the new Marcos government for comment, but did not receive a response.

High demand for Marcos diet books

Marcos Jr. previously asked the “world” to judge him on his actions, not his family’s past. But during his inaugural speech on June 30, he praised his father, the late dictator, saying he had achieved far more than previous administrations since gaining independence in 1946.

“He did it. Sometimes with the necessary support, sometimes without. It will be the same with his son – you will have no excuses from me,” he said.

During his speech, he also touched on the issue of revising learning materials in schools, but said he was not talking about history.
Fernando "bongbong"  Marcos Jr. is sworn in as the new president of the Philippines on June 30, 2022.

“What we teach in our schools, the subjects used, must be re-taught. I am not talking about history, I am talking about the basics, the sciences, the refinement of theoretical skills and the transmission of professional skills”, a he declared.

But those assurances ring hollow for people who suffered under his father’s dictatorship, and others who are skeptical of Marcos’ new leadership.

The sale of books is an indication of this.

Almira Manduriao, editorial marketing manager at Ateneo de Manila University, said the rush for Philippine history books began soon after Marcos Jr. won the May 9 election.

“People were suddenly afraid that literature critical of the dictatorship would be banned,” Manduriao said. “Hence the need to buy and protect the books (when) they still can.”

At least 10 titles covering martial law and the dark past of the Marcos dictatorship remain out of print in the academic press, according to Manduriao.

Some of the campus bookstore’s bestsellers were in reprint, including “Some Are Smarter Than Others: Marcos’ History of Capitalism” by Ricardo Manapat, “The Marital Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos” by Primitivo Mijares and “Canal de la Reina” by Liwayway Arceo Bautista.

The book
On May 11, Adarna House, a publishing house founded by Filipino artist Virgilo Almario, offered a 20% discount on a #NeverAgain bundle of five book titles on the Marcos Diet.

In the days that followed, sales skyrocketed and the pre-order waiting list grew, and the company announced that orders could take up to eight weeks to ship.

The offer was a hit with customers, but it also caught the attention of the government.

Alex Paul Monteagudo, director general of the National Intelligence Coordination Agency, accused Adarna House of “radicalizing Filipino children”.

“The Adarna publishing house published these books and they are now on sale to subtly radicalize Filipino children against our government, now!” he wrote on his official Facebook page on May 17.

Monteagudo said in the post that when topics such as martial law and people power revolution – a national uprising that overthrew the Marcos regime in 1986 – are taught in schools, it will “sow the seeds of hatred and dissent in the minds of these children”.

The People Power Revolution overthrew dictator Ferdinand Marcos Sr. in 1986.

Adarna House declined CNN’s request for comment on the allegations.

An Adarna client, Vanessa Louie Cabacungan-Samaniego, who lives and works in Hong Kong, placed a group order with a dozen Filipinos in the city for books on the Marcos dictatorship.

She told CNN she fears the election will allow the Marcos political clan to “work to clear their name and revise the history books or target the media.”

“Buying books to educate ourselves and for the next generation is just our small way to fight injustice,” she said when delivering the first batch of orders in June.

preserve the truth

In recent years, politicians and government officials have demonized publishers and journalists, denouncing their credibility on social media and in public statements.

The day before Marcos Jr. took office, Nobel laureate Maria Ressa said the government had ordered her news agency, Rappler, to shut down.
She said she has been repeatedly harassed over the past six years and facing lawsuits for alleged defamation, tax evasion and violation of foreign media ownership rules.

“It’s bullying. It’s political tactics. We refuse to succumb to it,” she said.

Maria Ressa, journalist, at the Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum in Bonn, Germany, in June 2022.

Michael Pante, a history professor at Ateneo de Manila University, said he fears Marcos Jr. will continue former President Rodrigo Duterte’s campaign to delegitimize the work of historians, scholars and journalists – and possibly of rewrite the history books.

Reporters Without Borders said that since Duterte’s election in 2016, the media have faced verbal and legal intimidation for work deemed too critical of the government.

“The demonization of historians, scholars (and journalists) will continue,” Pante said. “And the dismissive attitude (towards them) will be enough to generate the fear of speaking out and being arrested or censored.

Filipino archivist Carmelo Crisanto, who heads the Memorial Commission for Victims of Human Rights Violations, is rushing to digitize the files and testimonies of 11,103 survivors of the dictatorship, in time for the 50th anniversary of the declaration of martial law in September.
Filipino archivist Carmelo Crisanto, who heads the Human Rights Violations Victims' Memorial Commission, hopes to digitize the narrative of martial law survivors.  (Source: Memorial Museum of Victims of Human Rights Violations)

He fears that if the stories of martial law survivors are forgotten, people will once again be vulnerable to political violence.

His team of around 30 people and 1,500 university student volunteers – most of them half his age and not themselves experienced in martial law – have been chosen to protect the truth for the next generation.

“I want some of this digital archive to be publicly available, in a way that (can be) easily accessible, to be sent to colleges here in the country and also to some partner institutions overseas, so that the memory and the evidence may never be lost,” he said.

“If there is one lesson that state authorities have learned from the period of martial law, it is that no one (should) go to jail, even if they commit serious human rights violations. ‘man,’ he said.

Robles, the author, said people told him they wanted to give copies of his books to relatives, while others wanted to put aside a reserve in case the new government banned reprints.

“They said they wanted to hide it so that after Marcos presidency they could bring it out and keep the memory alive,” she said.

Robles said she was determined to continue writing and critiquing the country’s political landscape, despite fears of censorship – but she admits: “I’m not just afraid of censorship, I’m afraid of be arrested”.

read more
History organization

UH Press title wins prestigious international award

Thongchai Winichakul’s Mighty Book, Moments of silence: forgetting the massacre of October 6, 1976 in Bangkokpublished in 2020 by the University of Hawaii Press, has been awarded the 2022 EuroSEAS (European Association for Southeast Asian Studies) Humanities Book Prize. held from June 28 to July 1 in Paris-Aubervilliers.

The judges noted the book’s strengths: “This emotionally powerful book tells the story of the memory of a watershed event in Thai politics, the state-organized murder of students at a Bangkok university… What really sets him apart is the centrality of the story Thongchai Winichakul was a leading activist in October 1976, he survived the massacre and has played a central role in remembering the event ever since. In this regard, the book is a masterpiece of reflective scholarly writing, as the author deftly and sensitively navigates the challenges of his own position in the story he tells. …Moments of silence [is] a truly remarkable work and, rare indeed, an eloquent scholarly expression of deep emotion and sadness, itself a monument to those who have died.

Born in Bangkok and a WE a resident since 1991, Winichakul is professor emeritus of history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His first book, Siam Mapped: A History of a Nation’s Geo-Bodyalso published by uh Press (1994), received the 1995 Harry J. Benda Award from the Association for Asian Studies. Still in press, Map of Siam continues to be used as a textbook in university courses across the WE

The biennial EuroSEAS Humanities Book Prize recognizes the best scholarly book on Southeast Asia published in the humanities, including archaeology, art history, history, literature, arts of entertainment and religious studies. EuroSEAS aims to stimulate scientific cooperation within Europe in the field of Southeast Asian studies. Every two years, it brings together hundreds of Southeast Asian specialists from all over the world for its international conference.

read more
History organization

Association Between Abortion History and Current Contraceptive Use in Mongolian Women | BMC Women’s Health

Study design, setting, sampling and data collection

This was a cross-sectional survey that analyzed secondary data from the 2018 Mongolian Social Indicators Sample Survey (MSISS) [28]. Mongolia has a population of approximately 2.8 million, with nearly 69% of its population occupying the capital, Ulaanbaatar. [3].. The MSISS complements previous Multiple Indicator Surveys (MCIS) conducted every five years since 1996. The MSISS was first introduced in 2013 with support from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). A total of 14,500 households were sampled. All women aged 15-49 from the sampled provinces were eligible to participate in the survey. A total of 11,737 women were interviewed. In the present study, participants with complete information on all selected variables were analyzed (n = 8373).

Information on MSISS design, methodology and sampling techniques has been detailed elsewhere. [28]. Briefly, the MSISS is a household survey whose final sampling units are the individuals of each enrolled household. The MSISS 2018 was designed to cover more indicators than other previous surveys. The 2018 survey covered five geographical regions (East, West, Central, Khangai and Ulaanbaatar) both in rural and urban areas aiming to provide a large number of estimates of indicators on the situation of women, children and men. The sample selection for the survey was based on a two-stage stratified cluster sampling technique, using the 2017 Population and Household Database sampling frame. A total of 8 Target provinces/districts were selected from the five regions (Bayan-Ulgii, Bay ankhongor, Gobi-Altai, Zavkhan, Umnugovi, Khuvsgul, Bayanzurkh and Nalaikh) from which the samples were taken.

Data was collected by completing questionnaires using computer-assisted personal interviews. Paper-and-pencil interviews were used in the pre-tests, which led to changes in the wording and consistency of some items in the questionnaire. Everyone involved in data collection has undergone rigorous training in interview techniques, questionnaire content and other essentials. The MSISS questionnaire was designed to collect data on the characteristics of households, women, men and children. The data used in this study included self-reported responses. The questionnaire had several sections, including socio-demographic information on women, contraceptive use, unmet need for contraception, access to mass and social media and/or technology, fertility, miscarriages, stillbirths and abortion, maternal and newborn health, attitudes towards domestic violence, adult function and much more. The data extracted for this study was obtained from the sections socio-demographic information of women, use of contraception and miscarriage, stillbirth and abortion.

Study variables

Results measurement

The outcome variable was current contraceptive use by women of childbearing age (15 to 49 years). Contraceptive methods were defined as devices, drugs, or methods used to prevent pregnancy [29]. First, we assessed overall contraceptive use (i.e. whether the participant reported using a contraceptive method (yes/no)). The women were asked the following question:Are you currently doing anything or using any method to delay or avoid getting pregnant?”. Second, we assessed the use of a specific contraceptive method. Participants were asked to indicate the type of contraceptive method using the following question “wWhat type of method do you use?”. It was a “yes/no” question. Participants reported using different types of contraceptive methods (i.e. permanent non-reversible methods [male and female sterilization]long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) [IUD or Implants]any other modern contraceptive method [i.e., injections, pills, male or female condoms, foam/jelly]and traditional or natural methods [lactational amenorrhea method (LAM), periodic abstinence/rhythm/calendar, withdrawal] or any other method) they were using at the time of the interview. We created a variable “use of a specific contraceptive method” with nine mutually exclusive categories (ie pills, ‘6’ male condom, ‘7’ female condom, ‘8’ abstinence). Although the question regarding contraceptive use may have been affected by the potential for social desirability bias (in which women may have wanted to report contraceptive use when they did not, resulting in a overestimation of contraceptive use), data collectors were well trained to assure participants of the confidentiality of their responses to ensure that participants provided accurate information.

Primary independent variable

Our main independent variable was abortion history (yes or no). During the survey, women of childbearing age were asked if they had ever experienced a case where their pregnancy ended in miscarriage, stillbirth, missed abortion or abortion. [28]. Responses were self-reported based on the total number of abortion histories in the respondent’s lifetime. The variable was coded “Yes” (for those with a history of abortion) and “No” (for those without a history of abortion).


Variables considered as covariates were selected and classified as individual or community factors based on the literature [30, 31]. Based on our outcome of interest, abortion history, missing cases of each of the covariates used in this study were removed. Age of women (15–19, 20–24, 25–34, 35+), their marital status (married, formerly married/divorced, never married), highest level of education (high school[lower/upper], professional or training center and university/institute/collective), age at first marriage (10–19, 20–29, 30+), currently pregnant (yes/no), already given birth (yes/no), consumption of alcohol (yes/no), age at first alcohol consumption (10–19, 20–29, 30+, Never), total number of children (Less than or equal to 2, Less than or equal to 4, Equal or greater than 5, None) and husband’s age (15-24, 25-34, 35+) were the socio-demographic and individual factors included in this study. Community factors included were area of ​​residence (rural/urban), area of ​​origin (Khangai, Central, East, Ulaanbaatar, West), ethnicity (Khalkh, Kazakh, Other), religion (Buddhist, Islam, Other, No religion), and wealth index score (richest, fourth, middle, second, poorest).

statistical analyzes

The chi-square test was used to examine the distribution of study characteristics by history of abortion and contraceptive use, respectively. We used binary logistic regression to account for the association between outcome and independent variables. The variables assessed in the current analysis were selected based on their importance in the literature [30, 31]. Univariate models were constructed and variables with a p 0.1 indicating the absence of multicollinearity problems in our models. Additionally, we used Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis to compare and assess the accuracy of the four statistical models used. [33, 34]. The higher the AUC value or the larger the area under the curve, the better the performance of the model. The strength of the association was reported as the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and their 95% confidence intervals. Statistical significance was set at p

Ethical consideration

The MSISS was approved by ONS President’s Order Number A/67 2018 in 2018. Order A/67 2018 contained details regarding potential risks and their mitigation throughout the lifecycle of the investigation under its protection protocol. Informed consent was obtained prior to the start of the survey from each participant or their legal guardian. Participants were assured of the confidentiality and anonymity of any information they provided. The investigation was conducted in accordance with approved guidelines and regulations.

read more
History organization

Garrett Hill scores victory for Tigers on Major League debut

DETROIT — Four months ago, Garrett Hill headed to the Tigers Minor League minicamp wondering if he should move to another organization to get his shot at the Majors as the rule draft pick. 5. Instead, he just had to bide his time for Detroit to come calling.

On Monday afternoon, Hill not only became the 14th different pitcher to start a game for the Tigers this season, but he delivered a historic gem on his Major League debut. His six-run, two-hit innings beat Tigers nemesis Zach Plesac, sending Detroit to a 4-1 win to start a doubles sweep at Comerica Park.

“To live this dream, it means the world,” Hill said.

Hill became the first pitcher in Tigers history to pitch six or more innings while allowing two or fewer hits in his Major League debut. It was a display of spin and intelligence over speed. While Hill didn’t overpower the Guardians, hitting just under 94 mph according to Statcast, he only allowed three bullets with exit speeds over 100 mph. He only drew five swings-and-misses, but three were for strikeouts.

The Tigers swept a Cleveland doubleheader for the second time in as many years, this time with two starters who had never pitched in the Majors until this season and weren’t even in Triple-A at the start. of the season. Alex Faedo, who made his 11th start with the Tigers this year after returning from Tommy John surgery, kept Cleveland contained in Game 2 for three scoreless innings before going into a 26-pitch fourth inning with pain at the right hip. Tyler Alexander got it back with 3 1/3 scoreless relief innings in a 5-3 victory.

“So many guys that we relied on, guys that we didn’t necessarily rely on coming out of spring training,” wide receiver Tucker Barnhart said. “Their ability to come in and get going and play a big part for us and throw well has been brilliant. I can’t say enough good things. The composure of our youngsters, I can’t say I love it. ‘ve seen a lot.

Hill, the Tigers’ 26th-round pick in the 2018 draft from San Diego State and their No. 23 prospect, caught the eye of evaluators with 99 strikeouts in 75 2/3 innings last year to go with a 6-1 record and a 2.74 ERA between High-A West Michigan and Double-A Erie. The cancellation of the Rule 5 draft was a boon for Detroit, which saw it complete its rise through the system with a 3.23 ERA and 98 strikeouts in 69 2/3 innings between Erie and Triple- In Toledo this season.

Three of Hill’s 15 Minor League starts this season have come against Guardians affiliates, including his worst performance with six runs allowed in four innings against Triple-A Columbus on June 3. If any club should have a scouting report on the Tigers rookie, it’s Cleveland.

But Hill reversed the tables, foiling a range of high contacts with a studious approach that matched her bespectacled look.

“He did so well,” Barnhart said. “It was extremely impressive to see him work. He seemed very stoic and he threw a lot of shots. It’s not a secret [the Guardians] have the highest contact rate in baseball, and when you have a formation like that, going in and trying to hit a bunch of guys would probably be the wrong way to go. He did exactly what we talked about, launched on contact. He threw all of his pitches into the strike zone.

Despite this, Hill held the Guardians to a solo home run from Josh Naylor and a single from Steven Kwan. The latter would have represented a run, but Tucker Barnhart’s sweep tag from a Robbie Grossman pitch took out Myles Straw trying to score from second base in the third inning.

Hill’s five-high mix kept Guardians guessing. The only time he became predictable was on his home run against Naylor, who pounced on a third consecutive off-speed pitch and drove it deep to the right. Hill retired his last seven batters from there, earning a handshake and the gratitude of manager AJ Hinch.

“It was really fun watching him go to work and get ready,” Hinch said. “It’s been a dream come true for him to then go out and work methodically all day, super calm, very prepared, very smart with the way he took care of his business, really, really fun to do it stay out there against a heavy contact team and keep us in the game.

It was a stellar start to what will be at least a three-start audition for Hill, the latest pitcher to come through Detroit’s system ahead of schedule and help an injury-plagued Tigers starting body. He’ll complete the first half of the rotation, including a likely rematch with the Guardians next week in Cleveland. The Tigers plan to reassess their rotation from there, potentially taking Rony García off the injured list.

“It’s the dream is to stay here,” Hill said. “Work hard, work with [pitching coach Chris Fetter] and continue.

The Tigers have already used their most starters in a season since the 1996 team used 16 on the way to a 6.38 ERA. Seven of the 14 this year were homegrown; three others were acquired in prospect. Only nine games have been pitched by pitchers over 30. Drew Hutchison will push that number into double digits when he starts on Tuesday.

The franchise record of starters used is 17 in 1912.

“The start is definitely on deck right now,” said Eric Haase.

read more
History organization

Women’s rights have suffered a severe setback. But history is always on our side | Rebecca Solnit

AAs it happened I was in Edinburgh the day Roe v Wade was cancelled, and the next day I caught a train to London and did what I usually do when I get near the King’s Cross station. I took a short walk to the old St Pancras Cemetery to visit the headstone of the great feminist ancestor Mary Wollstonecraft, author of that first major feminist manifesto A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. To be there that day was to remember that feminism didn’t start recently — Wollstonecraft died in 1797 — and it didn’t stop on June 24.

In the United States, women won this right less than half a century ago – a short time when the view is from the Wollstonecraft Memorial. I’ve heard opinions regularly over the past few decades that feminism has failed or achieved nothing or is over, which seems to ignore how completely different the world (or most of it) is now for women. of what it was half a century ago and more. I say world because it’s important to remember that feminism is a global movement and Roe v Wade and its overthrow were just national decisions.

Ireland in 2018, Argentina in 2020, Mexico in 2021, and Colombia in 2022 all legalized abortion. So much has changed over the last half century for women in so many countries that it would be difficult to list them all; suffice it to say that the status of women has been radically altered for the better, on the whole, in this period of time. Feminism is a human rights movement that strives to change things that are not only centuries old, but in many cases millennia, and which is far from done and facing setbacks and a resistance that is neither shocking nor reason to stop.

Wollstonecraft didn’t even dream of votes for women – most men in Britain of his day weren’t allowed to vote either – or many other rights we now take for granted, but he You don’t have to go back to the 18th century to come up against radical gender inequality. It was everywhere, on a large and small scale, over the past decades – and persists culturally in the widespread attempts to control and contain women and the prejudices that women still face about their intellectual competence, sexuality and of their equality.

Half a century ago, it was legal in the United States to fire women for being pregnant – it happened to Elizabeth Warren, then a young schoolteacher. The right to access birth control – for married couples – was only guaranteed by the 1965 Griswold decision which this rogue Supreme Court could also target. The right to equal access to birth control for single people was not settled by the Supreme Court until 1972. The Equal Credit Opportunity Act 1974 made discrimination by which single women found it difficult to obtain credit and loans while married women regularly demanded that their husbands co-sign for them.

Marriage in most parts of the world, including North America and Europe, was, until very recently, a relationship in which the husband controlled by law and custom his wife’s body and almost everything she did, said and owned. Marital rape was hardly a concept until feminism made it one in the 1970s, and the UK and US didn’t make it illegal until the early 1990s. 17th century Englishman Matthew Hale argued that “a wife’s husband cannot himself be guilty of actual rape on his wife, on account of the marital consent she has given and she cannot retract”. That is to say, a woman who consented once could never say no again, because she had consented to be possessed. Incidentally, the current Supreme Court decision revoking reproductive rights repeatedly cites Hale, who is also well known for condemning two elderly widows to death for witchcraft in 1662.

Wollstonecraft, who had taken part in the French Revolution, wrote: “The divine right of spouses, like the divine right of kings, can, one hopes, in this enlightened age, be disputed without danger. Contested, but hardly defeated for nearly two centuries. As coercive control and domestic violence, men still impose their expectation of dominance and punish independence, while right-wing Republicans seek to lower women to a lower status before the law and in culture, citing this ancient text of the Bible as their authority.

Their Supreme Court could then tackle marriage equality. I have long thought that matrimonial equality, that is to say equal access for same-sex couples, would be impossible if marriage as an institution had not been remade, thanks to feminism, by a relationship freely negotiated between equals. Equality between partners threatens the inherent inequality of traditional patriarchal marriage, which is why – along with homophobia of course – they are so hostile to it. And, of course, this is also new; a very different supreme court recognized this right in June 2015, only seven years ago (and Switzerland and Chile only did so in 2021).

The past decade has been a roller coaster of wins and losses, and there’s no easy way to add them up. The gains have been profound, but many of them have been subtle. Since around 2012, a new era of feminism has opened up conversations – on social media, in mainstream media, in politics and in private – about violence against women and the many forms of inequality and oppression, legal and cultural, obvious and subtle. Recognition of the impact of violence against women has broadened profoundly and has yielded concrete results. The Me Too movement was widely derided as a celebrity circus, but it was just one manifestation of a feminist push started five years earlier, and it helped lead to changes in state and federal laws. laws governing sexual harassment and abuse, including a bill that has been passed. the senate in February and the president signed the law into law in early March.

The sentences this week of R Kelly to 30 years in prison and Ghislaine Maxwell to 20 years are the consequence of a change in who would be listened to and believed, that is, who would be valued and whose rights would be defended. People included in conversations in court who had not been heard there before. Perpetrators who had gotten away with crimes for decades – Larry Nassar, Bill Cosby, Harvey Weinstein among them – lost their impunity and belated consequences befell them. But the fate of a handful of top men isn’t what matters most, and punishment isn’t how we remake the world.

The conversations are about violence and inequality, about the intersectionalities of race and gender, about reshaping gender beyond the simplest binaries, about what freedom might look like, what desire might be. , which would mean equality. Just having these conversations is liberating. Seeing younger women go beyond what my generation perceived and claimed is exhilarating. These conversations are changing us in ways the law cannot, making us understand ourselves and each other in new ways, reimagining race, gender, sexuality and possibility.

You can take away a right by legal means, but you cannot take away the belief in that right so easily. The Supreme Court’s Dred Scott and Plessy v. Ferguson decisions in the 19th century failed to convince black people that they did not deserve to live as free and equal citizens; it simply prevented them from doing so in practice. In many US states, women have lost their access to abortion, but not their belief in their right. The outcry over the court’s decision is a reminder of how unpopular it is and how horribly it will affect women’s ability to be free and equal before the law.

It’s a huge loss. It doesn’t exactly take us back to the world before Roe v Wade, because in both imaginative and practical terms, American society is profoundly different. Women have much more equality before the law, in access to education, employment, institutions of power and political representation. We believe much more in these rights and have a stronger vision of what equality looks like. That the status of women has changed so drastically from what it was in, say, 1962, let alone 1797, is proof that feminism works. And the hideous Supreme Court decision confirms that there is still a lot of work to be done.

read more
History organization

We must not teach our children a ‘thank you for the land’ version of Australian history | Sisonke Msimang

As the school term draws to a close here in Western Australia, I have been thinking a lot about the assemblies.

I’ve spent a lot of time in schools running creative learning programs, so I’ve seen my fair share of gatherings filled with twisted kids sitting cross-legged on the floor with their teachers silencing me. There’s something beautiful about the way they look at each other, curious to know what the week’s performance will be.

Whatever school I attend, the ritual is the same: the children sit down, the national anthem is sung in a high pitch, then the director pronounces a recognition of the country.

In some schools, acknowledgment includes the phrase, “We would like to thank the traditional custodians for nurturing this precious land where we live, learn and play.” In early learning centers, I have listened to children acknowledging their country with statements such as “thank you for letting us share the land you love, we promise to take care of it”.

This version of the “thank you for the land” story teaches children that the Australian continent was a gift from First Nations peoples to non-Aboriginal people; that “Aboriginal elders” are like cuddly godfathers and that their ancestors are angels who watch over us all.

It’s seductive and dangerous. The reality is that many First Nations elders were subjected to terrible abuse by state institutions, and their ancestors were often victims and/or survivors of racism, violence and attempts at cultural decimation.

Some people will say that children are innocent and cannot be expected to understand these harsh realities, and that simplifying history helps build unity rather than division. Nothing could be further from the truth. Lying to children by sanitizing the past makes them ignorant and prevents them from understanding the current inequalities caused by this history.

Without knowing the truth, children draw their own conclusions about why some people are poor and others are not; why some people are angry while others are happy. The truth explains, while the lie is obscure.

And yet, the history of Australia is not complicated.

We may not like it, but the story is simple. This continent and its people were colonized by Europeans who justified their racism using God and science and treated First Nations peoples with brutal violence. The effects of this racism persist today, as do many of the racist ideas and stereotypes invented by the settlers.

Telling this story is important because it is true and because it is the only basis on which to rely in the fight against racism. It starts with using every possible opportunity to tell the good story rather than the fables that are good for non-Aboriginals.

Right now, we are teaching children to see themselves as good-hearted innocents who have the right to share in all that this earth has to offer, as long as they say “thank you” to the “elders”.

It will become increasingly difficult to tell them that the land they live on was in fact not a gift; that it was in fact stolen, that they are the beneficiaries of that theft, and that racism is a defining feature of the lives of First Nations people and an essential part of this nation’s history.

A society that does not tell its children the truth inevitably becomes a society in which adults cannot deal with the truth. Unfortunately, that’s where Australia is.

Beyond the good recognition of the country, many of our school systems struggle to teach the truth to young people. This problem is also reflected in the media and politics; the truth is perceived as invigorating and therefore avoided.

Of course, the truth has been foreign to the settlers here for a long time. Terra nullius was Australia’s first myth, and it was quickly followed by the Aboriginal extinction myth – this idea that First Nations were “a dying race”.

Conveniently forgetting the fact that many indigenous peoples were dying from the smallpox and influenza epidemics that the Europeans had introduced when their ships arrived here, European anthropologists and doctors concluded that the “Aborigines” were on the verge of “disappearance”. for evolutionary reasons. The idea that First Nations peoples were biologically inferior to whites was one of the main inventions of scientific racism, and it was used to justify laws designed to “smooth the pillow of the dying race”.

Under the guise of “protection”, First Nations people were placed on native reservations, forced to work for a pittance, and placed under the guardianship of the state, who were told who they could marry and what would happen to their children – many of whom were taken from them.

The myth that white Australians were able to help – rather than harm – First Nations people on the basis of their inherent superiority is so powerful that those tasked with managing them were even called chief protectors. The historical record has preserved their cruelty, and many First Nations writers – most recently Elfie Shiosaki in his beautiful book Homecoming – have examined the afterlife of AO Neville and his ilk.

Unfortunately, we are still struggling with an underlying national ideology that insists that non-Indigenous people are guided by innocence and kindness in all of their dealings with First Nations peoples. This ideology resists even in the face of crimes and misdeeds perpetrated against First Nations peoples. That’s why, as Alison Whittaker wrote, “despite 432 Aboriginal deaths in custody since 1991, no one has ever been convicted.”

Djab Wurrung Gunnai Gunditjmara’s wife and Senator Lidia Thorpe upset many when she refused to apologize for dodging the Australian flag in photos last week. On The Project, Thorpe said the flag “represents the colonization of these lands and he has no permission to be here. There was no consent, there was no treaty.

Thorpe went on to say, “I don’t want people to be upset by what I have to say. I want people to be on a journey of learning and a journey of truth so that we can unite this country and mature as a nation.

His interlocutor, Waleed Aly, was unconvinced and argued that calling the “entire nation illegitimate” was not necessarily the “right starting point” for unifying the country.

At first glance, Aly’s comment seemed easy to accept. But of course Aly is wrong. There can be no better starting point for unifying the country than developing a common understanding of the facts, and the fact is that many First Nations people have ample reason to question the legitimacy of this state.

The rest of us have to catch up with Thorpe.

We could start by making sure all those cute, restless children across Australia know that the neighborhoods they live in, and the lakes and rivers they fish and swim in, are not a gift from the keepers of these lands.

Instead, they are rightly the subject of ongoing and unresolved conflict. The sooner all children in this society understand this, the sooner we will make real progress against racism.

read more
History organization

FBI Washington Field Office Announces Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund as Recipient of 2021 FBI Director’s Community Leadership Award — FBI

WASHINGTON—Deputy Director-in-Charge Steven M. D’Antuono is pleased to announce that the Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund (SALDEF) is the recipient of the 2021 FBI Director’s Community Leadership Award (DCLA) for Washington Field Office (WFO).

On Monday, June 27, 2022, SALDEF Executive Director Kiran Kaur Gill and Program Manager Sharan Singh accepted this year’s award on behalf of SALDEF.

SALDEF is an American non-profit Sikh educational, media, and political organization. The organization supports American Sikhs by strengthening dialogue, deepening understanding, promoting civic and political participation, and advocating for social justice and religious freedom. Throughout 2021, FBI WFO personnel and SALDEF representatives worked together to cultivate relationships between federal agents and American Sikhs.

“The FBI and SALDEF have different functions, but we share a common goal: to protect the lives and freedoms of the American people,” ADIC D’Antuono said. “SALDEF served as a bridge between FBI personnel and American Sikhs, helping us learn more about the people we serve and helping them learn more about the work we do to protect their community.”

From December 2020 to December 2021, SALDEF representatives participated in several FBI WFO Cultural Engagement Boards, which led to valuable feedback regarding interactions between law enforcement and American Sikhs. As a result, SALDEF held a presentation on Sikh American culture and history for dozens of FBI personnel and cited best practices for interacting with Sikh Americans.

“The better we know our communities, the better we can serve them,” said ADIC D’Antuono. “Cultural awareness training is crucial because it helps the FBI build trusting relationships with the public. People in our communities need to know that they can count on us to protect them.

SALDEF began bringing law enforcement and local communities together through its Law Enforcement Partnership Program in 1999. SALDEF representatives have partnered with organizations throughout the country and trained more than 100,000 federal and local officers in cultural awareness and community relations best practices.

SALDEF serves as a resource and voice for the Sikh American community on policy issues that affect not only Sikh Americans, but all Americans, including employment discrimination, racial profiling, school bullying, suffrage and women’s rights.

Since 1990, FBI offices have nominated a person or organization for an FBI DCLA in recognition of the nominee’s contributions to crime prevention in their communities.

More information about the FBI WFO Community Outreach Program is available at

read more
History organization

Trump court limited women’s rights using 19th century standards

Placeholder while loading article actions

In Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organizationthe Supreme Court justices President Donald Trump has appointed to strike down Roe vs. Wade just delivered on Trump’s promise. The ruling limits women’s constitutional freedoms so dramatically that you can almost hear the chants of “lock her up!” from Trump supporters.

On the right, however, the decision is not seen as a step backwards. On the contrary, it is hailed as a constitutional restoration – a triumph of “originalism” over “living constitutionalism”. Judge Samuel A. Alito Jr., who wrote the majority opinion, sees himself as restoring the constitution as law and cleansing it of politics.

But Dobbs is clearly a political project. Reverse roe deer has been the animating goal of the conservative legal movement since it mobilized under the banner of originalism under the Reagan administration. Far from setting aside politics in favor of a neutral interpretation of the law, Alito’s ruling reveals how conservative justices encode the movement’s goals and values ​​under the guise of highly selective historical claims.

Alito’s opinion – joined by Justices Clarence Thomas, Neil M. Gorsuch, Brett M. Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett – follows a kind of originalism in linking the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment to the distant past, even if it does not does not pretend to identify the meaning of the amendment to the voters who ratified it. (roe deer places the right to abortion in the Freedom Guarantee of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.) Instead, Alito follows a case called Washington v. Glucksberg (1997) and interprets the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee of liberty in light of the nation’s “history and traditions”; according to this view, only the rights deeply rooted in this history are protected. And the right to abortion is not, the majority said this week.

Justice Alito says tying the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment liberty guarantee to American “history and traditions” prevents judges from imposing their own views on the case at hand. “In interpreting what is meant by the Fourteenth Amendment’s reference to ‘freedom’,” he writes, “we must guard against the natural human tendency to confuse what this Amendment protects with our own ardent views on the freedom that Americans should enjoy.” Here he echoes the late Judge Antonin Scalia, who wrote, in “Originalism: The Lesser Evil”, that turning to history “establishes a historical criterion that is conceptually quite distinct from the preferences of the judge himself. “.

But Dobbs shows why both of these statements are false. A judge’s reliance on the historical record can mask judicial discretion as well as constrain it.

In Dobbs, the Trump court defines the Constitution’s protections for liberty by largely referring to laws enacted in mid-19th century America. During this period – conveniently enough – there was a campaign to ban abortion nationwide. (Alito includes an appendix listing many of these state laws.) But consider what was still part of the “history and traditions” of this period: the law did not protect a woman’s right to control the property, income or sex in marriage; it was a period when the Supreme Court said states could deny women the right to practice law and states could deny women the right to vote.

Why would the Supreme Court today tie the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee of liberty to laws enacted by men with such narrow view of women’s rights? The move is unprecedented. To date, the Supreme Court had not read the Constitution’s broad commitment to liberty in this time-limited way — for example, by enforcing contraceptive rights, the right to interracial marriage, and the right to homosexual marriage. The majority suggests that these other rights are not threatened by DobbsThomas’s logic — even if it adopts a method of interpreting freedom that discredits them (and even if Thomas calls for the relevant cases to be set aside in its agreement). Reading the guarantees of the Fourteenth Amendment in light of evolving conceptions of liberty has been so fundamental to modern constitutional jurisprudence that even the Glucksberg the case on which the court relied for its mandate to review history and traditions recognizes abortion as a protected freedom.

Traumatic pregnancies are terrible. Dobbs is going to make things worse.

Alito’s narrative of the nation’s history and traditions is shaped and whitewashed to substantiate the desired results. His version of the history of abortion laws, for example, profoundly dismisses the common law of the first republic, which criminalized abortion after it was expedited. He also provided an outrageously incomplete account of the mid-century campaign to ban abortion – writing, for example, that the opposition to abortion reflected in these laws was “heartfelt”. So he apologizes for wondering if politicians’ views on gender roles, at a time when women were disenfranchised, shaped the campaign to ban abortion, which they of course did. During the 19th century campaign against abortion, advocates of laws banning the practice argued that they were necessary to enforce women’s maternal and marital duties and to protect the ethno-religious character of the nation. Claims for the protection of unborn life were not self-contained as Alito claims, but deeply entangled with constitutionally suspect judgments, as documents from the time clearly show.

In all this talk of tradition, Alito begs a fundamental question: why should 19th-century anti-abortion laws limit how we understand the Constitution’s guarantee of freedom, nor the history and traditions of does segregation limit how we understand the Constitution’s equality guarantee? There is no good reason. The problem with rooting the meaning of our commitments in that past, as Justices Stephen G. Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan succinctly put it in their dissent, is that “the men who ratified the Fourteenth Amendment and drafted the State laws of the time did not consider women as full and equal citizens. Do the judges who have joined the Dobbs majority? Apparently not.

They thought it was reasonable to allow states to coerce women based on laws enacted at a time when women were totally disenfranchised. And they signed an opinion in which a collection of decisions and laws written by white men was presented as representing the history and traditions of America, without a single female voice being represented; and who claimed that these traditions were sufficient to justify the deprivation of women today of half a century of constitutional rights. It is not an account of history “conceptually quite separate from the preferences of the judge himself”. It is the story that expresses the judicial preferences as the traditions of the nation

If anyone had bothered to look outside the statute books, they could have found plenty of evidence that 19th century Americans demanded autonomy in decisions about parenthood, just as they do today. These demands are expressed with passion in the abolitionist movements and for women’s suffrage. Women may not have had the right to vote, but they certainly had opinions about the importance of voluntary motherhood. If the Supreme Court wants to tie the meaning of freedom to the nation’s “history and traditions”, it must include the voices of the disenfranchised in such a narrative, unless it means perpetuating their powerlessness in under our current Constitution.

The judges who decided Dobbs scoff at “living constitutionalism”, but these originalists of course employ history and tradition for the purposes of living constitutionalism. The justices’ efforts to conceal their views on abortion in a story about the history and traditions of the Constitution reveal to us their view of women.

read more
History organization

Loveland Historical Society Raises Money for Great Western Depots – Loveland Reporter-Herald

The Great Western Sugar Company occupies an important place in the history of northern Colorado, and more so in that of Loveland.

But two of the last visible remnants of that history – the Great Western Railway’s passenger and freight depots – are under threat from redevelopment.

Loveland Historical Society member Teri Johnson, left, greets Bill Smith as he purchases a memorial brick Thursday, June 23, 2022, outside the historic Milner-Schwarz House in Loveland. The Loveland Historical Society held a memorial brick sale event to raise funds to preserve the Great Western Railway Depot. Smith bought a brick in honor of his father, who worked for the Great Western Sugar Company. (Jenny Sparks/Loveland Reporter-Herald)

For much of the last decade, the Loveland Historical Society worked to save the white clapboard buildings near 10th Street and Monroe Avenue by moving them from the railroad to city property, but it is an expensive proposition.

The estimated costs for the assessment, hazmat abatement and relocation of the two structures is close to $100,000.

On Thursday, LHS kicked off a commemorative brick sale as part of its latest effort to raise the necessary funds.

“We want this history to be preserved because if it’s gone, it’s gone, you can’t get it back,” LHS President Teri Johnson said at the first public brick sale at the Milner-house. Schwarz. “We want to make sure he’s saved.”

The bricks are $50 each and will be listed with the buyer’s choice of wording. They will then be placed on the new site during the renovation of the depots.

Bill Smith of Loveland stopped by to buy a brick in honor of his late father, a longtime employee of Great Western Sugar who worked in many of the sugar towns that dotted the eastern plains of Colorado.

“It started in Fort Lupton, then we moved to Denver, then to Eaton, then back to Denver, then to Brush,” he said.

Ironically, the many moves never brought Smith’s family to Loveland, the site of Great Western’s first sugar mill, which opened in November 1901. In 1902, the conglomerate launched its own railway and opened the Loveland passenger depot.

At its peak, Great Western operated 25 sugar mills in six states.

“There are so many connections that everyone has with sugar in Loveland,” Johnson said.

“The sugar industry increased Loveland’s population by more than 300% in its first decade,” added LHS member Sharon Danhauer.

According to Johnson, the company is halfway to its fundraising goal of $86,000. Much of this comes from various fundraising campaigns, including the Rail Ale collaboration between Loveland brewers in 2021.

They also received a significant amount of private donations, including a large one from an organization of German-Russians in Windsor.

“So many Germans from Russia came here to work with sugar beets,” Danhauer explained. “And they were so thrifty that they quickly bought their own land and started growing sugar beets to sell to the factory.”

LHS also recently received a $15,000 matching grant from the Boettcher Foundation, in recognition of Great Western Sugar founder Charles Boettcher’s role in bringing sugar to Loveland. The company has until November to raise the funds.

LHS will hold additional brick sales at the City Farmers Market in Old Fairgrounds Park on June 26, August 28 and September 25. It will also be sold at the Cherry Pie Festival on July 16.

Bricks can also be purchased online at For more information contact: [email protected] or [email protected]

read more
History organization

Fifty years ago, these feminist networks made Title IX possible.

Placeholder while loading article actions

With June 23, 2022, marking the 50th anniversary of Title IX, the landmark legislation banning gender discrimination in education, there has been continued publicity about the law’s impact over the past five decades. There has been far less coverage of the origins of Title IX, and that story tends to focus mostly on Congress.

But the congressional action is only half of the origin story of Title IX. The other, equally important half concerns activism that began a decade before 1972 and was continued by a large open feminist network across the United States. These activists – working alongside federal government administrators, civil servants, members of Congress and their employees – have made Title IX a reality.

Title IX’s history in Congress revolves around Rep. Edith Green (D-Ore.) — the chair of the Subcommittee on Higher Education — leading a successful legislative effort in the House, while Sen. Birch Bayh ( D-Ind.) pushed the bill through the upper house.

In 1970, Green introduced an omnibus education bill that included a provision prohibiting sex discrimination. She then held the first-ever congressional hearings on sex discrimination in education, but the bill never passed in committee. In 1971, Green again introduced an omnibus education bill that included a provision prohibiting sex discrimination. This time, with great effort, she managed to get her provision accepted by the Grand Committee, followed by the approval of the whole House.

On the Senate side, Bayh struggled to introduce a gender discrimination amendment to an education bill. He was not on the subcommittee on education, and that committee’s chairman, Claiborne Pell (DR.I.), did not want potentially conflicting issues to disrupt the federal undergraduate student loan program that he was trying to push through – what would become the Pell Grants. After repeated trials, Bayh finally garnered the votes needed to present his amendment to the Senate, where it passed. The House and Senate bills were then sent to a conference committee, resulting in an omnibus compromise bill after long and contentious sessions on the burning provisions for school transportation and school funding. Higher Education. The bill passed with the Title IX provision largely ignored.

But this narrative ignores how, beginning in the 1960s and continuing into the 1970s, three key leaders outside of Congress provided the lobbying energy and crucial documentation needed to make Title IX a reality.

The first leader to emerge was Esther Peterson, who served as Undersecretary of Labor in the administrations of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Peterson guided Kennedy’s Presidential Commission on the Status of Women to advocate for what became the Equal Pay Act of 1963 – and she did so by bringing together like-minded administrators and staff the same ideas, members of Congress, unions and women’s groups. The Equal Pay Act was the first federal law prohibiting discrimination in employment based on sex. But it was relatively low, excluding women working in educational institutions, where most women worked outside the home.

Yet the fact that Congress passed something to address equal pay for women encouraged Peterson and his network of activists to do more. They then pressured Johnson to sign Executive Order 11375 in 1967, an amendment that added “sex” to the protected categories of race, creed, color and national origin in an earlier executive order that prohibited discrimination by federal contractors and subcontractors. Significantly, the amended EO 11246-11375 placed gender on an equal footing with race. And it covered educational institutions, allowing women to file hundreds of sex discrimination complaints.

Peterson, with her ties to federal administrators and staffers, members of Congress, and many feminists, had become a central leader of employment equality initiatives. In other words, she and her network of defenders helped lay the groundwork for Title IX.

Catherine East, a federal government employee, did the same. Over the course of nearly 40 years, East worked her way to a strategic position in the Women’s Bureau of the Department of Labor, where she had access to crucial statistics and other information needed to make advancing legislation for women. East worked without fanfare, photocopying statistics, legal briefs and related information to send to lawyers, women’s groups and other interested parties. Recipients copied the information and sent it to others, who often did the same. East, who was active in women’s organizations, also worked to expand her feminist network by connecting women activists.

Bernice Sandler, the third central figure in this growing network, was a highly trained aspiring professor who became a lawyer after losing college jobs because of her gender. She joined the Women’s Equity Action League (WEAL) which was formed in 1968 to focus on equal opportunity for women in employment and education. When Sandler learned of EO 11246-11375, the executive order Peterson had requested the previous year, she immediately thought of its application to colleges and universities, most of which received federal contracts. She met with Vincent Macaluso of the Labor Department, who gave her valuable advice on the complaint process. He also arranged for her to meet East, who he informed Sandler had a wealth of information.

Sandler turned to East for crucial documents that allowed her to file sex discrimination charges against 250 colleges. She also backed up her complaint with data from the extensive network of contacts she had established with female students across the country. East then helped Sandler distribute the complaint and evidence to members of Congress at a crucial time — as Green, as chair of the higher education subcommittee, sought hard data to help her introduce a legislation and to hold hearings on gender discrimination in education. . Green hired Sandler, who prepared for the hearings by contacting potential witnesses; subsequently, she compiled testimonies and related documents into two 1,261-page volumes.

Meanwhile, Sandler and his network of activists provided Bayh with the data he needed to get votes on his amendment to the Senate Education Bill.

With the 50th anniversary of Title IX, it’s time to recognize the significance of Peterson, East and Sandler, who – with overlapping networks of feminist activists and extensive documentation of gender discrimination – provided exactly what Green and Bayh needed to pass Title IX. Congress.

read more
History organization

Nuns created some of Australia’s first schools, but their history remains shrouded

In a wealthy country like Australia, an era without public schools seems unimaginable. But in the 1840s, when the Sisters of Mercy opened the first secondary school in Western Australia, there were only a few small private schools. Many children, especially girls, receive no formal education.

Nuns, or nuns, made education more accessible. Their way of life also provided one of the few leadership opportunities for women.

These women have demonstrated entrepreneurial and diplomatic skills while developing education in Australia. Their work required them to navigate hostile male hierarchies, religious discrimination, class struggles and complex relationships with Indigenous peoples.

Historians have documented some of this history, but there is a long way to go. In a country committed to egalitarianism, the lives of nuns testify to the larger historical reality of inequality.

Where did these women come from?

Religious orders are made up of people living apart from society but as a community under the spiritual rule of their founder. Catherine McAuley (1778-1841) founded the Sisters of Mercy in Dublin when she opened the first House of Mercy dedicated to serving the poor, sick and uneducated.

Catherine’s approach to helping the burgeoning poor in Ireland was radical. The community consisted of two classes of sisters. The choir sisters were educated, middle-class women and usually served as teachers. The lay sisters were poor and working class and managed the kitchen or the laundry.

Ursula Frayne (1816-1885), who opened the first secondary school in Western Australia as well as schools in Victoria in the mid-19th century, had trained with McAuley. In 1845, Bishop John Brady visited the Sisters’ Convent in Dublin and asked the Mother Superior to send six Sisters to Western Australia with Frayne as head.

While sailing to Western Australia aboard the Elizabeth, one member of the missionary party traveling with Bishop Brady was a young French monk, Léandre Fonteinne, who noted ominously:

“His Lordship is only concerned […] for the six nuns he brings with us. They are and will remain for many years a burden on the mission.

What did they do in Australia?

After arriving in Perth, in 1846, the sisters became the first female religious teaching order to establish a school in Australia. After navigating sectarianism in Ireland, they decided to offer a general education to all Christians. The sisters prioritized Aboriginals, Irish immigrant orphans, the poor, and the uneducated. The sisters established a fee-paying school, a voluntary institution and Western Australia’s first high school.

Coming from a prosperous Dublin family, Frayne was conscious of his class, but the distinction between choir and lay nuns was not viable in colonial Perth. Leaning on the bishop was not an option that would allow them to advance their business.

For these women to be self-sufficient, each had to perform domestic chores. Frayne herself became a baker.

Although Bishop Brady promised financial support, in 1850 Frayne traveled to Colombo, Malta, Rome, Florence, Paris, England and Ireland to raise funds. In March 1851 she returned to Perth with £450. She gave £157 to the Bishop, who was broke.

In 1853 the nuns could afford a new £800 school building. As the sisters’ workload increased, they applied to Dublin for “strong” lay sisters.

Two of the oldest lay sisters sent from Dublin were Catherine O’Reilly and Catherine Strahan. O’Reilly filled several roles, including that of a carpenter. She was eventually promoted to choir sister and helped establish schools in places such as Geraldton.

Strahan’s trajectory was different. Strahan was a lay sister at 30 and provided essential cooking and laundry services for the convent until her death at 67.

In 1857 Frayne moved to Melbourne to establish a new school replacing Brady as bishop, Joseph Serra, frequently interfering in the direction of the order. Frayne felt that much of his interference was unnecessary. Such interference culminated in Queensland, where the Sisters of Mercy had established the state’s first girls’ secondary school. The local bishop withheld part of their government salary and exposed them to starvation and premature death.

Ursula Frayne was a pioneer in education in Perth and Melbourne.

Undeniably important but curiously anonymous

The nuns ran important educational enterprises. Historian Stephanie Burley considers the Irish teaching orders to be an empire within the British Empire. Their classes bridged the political, religious and cultural norms of the Irish Catholic Church and the British Empire, acting as a pacifying force between the two spheres.

Unfortunately, as historian Colin Barr notes:

“Unfortunately, historians have too often seen these women as an undifferentiated mass, undeniably important but curiously anonymous. Still [they] were not merely passive transmitters of male ideas or initiatives.

As a leader, Frayne has been the subject of biographies. However, Catherine O’Reilly and Catherine Strahan remained cloistered.

Women who worked in domestic roles in religious communities deserve greater attention. Although historians are increasingly interested in the wider role of nuns in Australian society, some aspects of their influence remain opaque.

read more
History organization

Juneteenth led to “freedom colonies” like Quakertown in Texas

Placeholder while loading article actions

This story is the first of two parts.

In June 2021, President Biden and Vice President Harris declared June 19 a federal holiday. As many readers know by now, when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 declaring the end of slavery, slaveholders and others in the Confederate state of Texas refused to obey. It wasn’t until June 19, 1865 – Juneteenth – that the announcement reached many people in Texas. For some slaves, emancipation did not come until the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in December 1865, when slaveholders in Texas were forced to comply with the proclamation.

Generations of black Texans have fought since 1866 for the nation to learn and recognize the delayed emancipation of enslaved black people in the state. The women’s oral histories help increase American awareness of the resilience and ongoing struggles of black Texans after emancipation that have never been recorded in history textbooks.

Ms. Alma Clark (94) and Ms. Betty Kimble (90), two of the co-authors of this article along with women’s and gender studies scholar Danielle Phillips-Cunningham, tell and analyze this story in Denton, Texas. The two led the documentation of Quakertown, a thriving community that once enslaved people who settled in Denton after June 19. The community lasted until the College of Industrial Arts (renamed Texas Woman’s University in 1957) and a local white women’s club were instrumental in getting the city to pass a 1921 bond to build a city park that would demolish and replace Quakertown.

Quakertown – a thriving community established after Juneteenth

Mrs. Alma Clark and her husband Rev. Willie Clark in Denton, Texas in the 1980s. His parents moved to Quakertown in 1905 when he was 5 to enroll him in Frederick Douglass Colored School. At the age of 21, Denton ordered his family and other families out of Quakertown. (Mrs. Alma Clark Collection)

Centering Women’s Memories

We got to know each other through interviews, rallies, and a town hall as part of Quakertown Stories, an initiative led by the faculty of Texas Woman’s University (TWU) and funded by the National Endowment of the Humanities to integrate Quakertown history in TWU Curriculum. Memories of Mrs. Clark and Mrs. Kimble are central to our telling of Quakertown history because in general, research finds, women anchor and archive community histories.

Mrs. Clark preserved the stories her husband, Reverend Willie Clark, told her about life in Quakertown before he died aged 90 in 1991. Mrs. Kimble preserved memories of her grandmother and of his great-uncle, who also lived in Quakertown. Quakerville. Mrs. Clark and Mrs. Kimble have extensive experience in community organizing and leadership and have carefully preserved rare photographs, notes, newspaper clippings and family conversations on key facts in history in their memories and homes. of Quakertown. They generously shared stories, photographs and vegetables carefully grown in their gardens.

The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery. Here’s what he did.

Something they could call their own

When Ms. Clark describes Quakertown, she proudly says, “It was like a city within a city. Isn’t that something? A proud group of people – knowing that with all their skills, talents and knowledge, they could build it freely and get other people to support each other… It was something they could call their own.

Quakertown began in 1875, when 27 formerly enslaved black families who, after emancipation, had originally settled in Dallas, moved two miles south of downtown Denton in search of better living conditions. Originally called Freedman Town, it was one of what urban planning professor Andrea Roberts calls the “freedom colonies”, which once enslaved people settled after emancipation. In 1878, residents of Freedman Town established the Frederick Douglass Colored School. Black families migrated to Denton from all over Texas and the country to enroll their children in school. They also purchased land near the school and renamed the community Quakertown after the Quakers, a religious group that had advocated for the abolition of slavery.

In the early 1900s, Quakertown consisted of 295 buildings and about 305 people. Residents have established several businesses and organizations, including a doctor’s office, funeral home, grocery store, midwifery service, preschool, pharmacy, tailor and shoe store, candy store, playground, wood, a meat market, a day care center, three barber shops, three churches, three cafes, and a place where people watched movies and performed plays and songs from the Harlem Renaissance era. Members of the community were socially and politically active, founding fraternal lodges, women’s organizations, and a trade league.

Many Quakertown women owned property, which was rare for formerly enslaved black women in the South. Mrs. Clark’s mother-in-law, Maude Woods (Clark) Hembry, owned a home where Mrs. Clark and her husband later raised their three children. Ms Kimble’s grandmother, Kitty Clark, moved with her family from Bolivar, Texas to Quakertown because “all the black people were there”. She bought a spacious home on the immediate outskirts of the community because by the time she arrived, Quakertown proper had no land left on which to build more homes. She and her husband Glasco raised their sons Homer Clark (Ms Kimble’s father) and Andrew Clark while she worked occasionally as a laundress. As historian and Black History Month founder Carter G. Woodson has noted, black laundresses were respected entrepreneurs in the black community who preferred to do laundry in their homes rather than work inside houses of whites after slavery.

Having a doctor in a virtually independent black community was also a source of pride. Edwin Moten, a Texas native and graduate of Shaw University and Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, started his own medical practice in Quakertown. He cared for his patients by combining his formal medical training with African medical knowledge. White doctors often sought out his knowledge of natural treatments. In Ms. Kimble’s words, Angelina Burr was a “stern and pragmatic” owner and midwife, a respected expert in women’s health care and a community businesswoman. She also delivered to poor white women in Denton who could not afford medical services. Quakertown residents have kept their businesses and community together for nearly 40 years.

The white press has a history of endangering black lives, dating back a century

In 1921, Frances M. Bralley, president of the College of Industrial Arts, the Denton Federation of Women’s Clubs, and other city leaders lobbied and voted for a bond that approved city funding for a city park instead of Quakerville. Their reasoning was that white female college students were at risk of being raped by black Quakertown men as they walked from the college campus through Quakertown on their way to downtown Denton. The bond – issued by daily organized harassment and violence – removed physical traces of the vibrant community named Quakertown, but some people who remained in Denton refused to sell their homes to the city. Reverend Clark’s family and other families moved the physical structure of their homes to the southeastern part of Denton with mules and logs and lived in those same homes for several generations. The memoirs and archives of Ms. Clark and Ms. Kimble teach us that Juneteenth is about both possibility and the ongoing struggle for black freedom.

Part 2: White racism brought down a black community. Will there be repairs?

Editor’s note: Although it is generally Post-style to refer to people by their surname only after first use, Ms. Clark and Ms. Kimble explained that they prefer Ms. in front of their last name because employers called them by their first name during the Jim Crow era to communicate that they were subordinate. We honor their request, given the history of racism they have suffered.

Danielle Phillips Cunningham (@Phillips3D) is an associate professor and director of the women’s and gender studies program at Texas Women’s University.

Alma Clark was raised in Lampasas, Texas, by a family that insisted on the importance of education, and was the first black student to enter the city’s high school.

Betty Kimble is from Denton, TX and takes great pride in helping her community while serving in several leadership positions in the city and the church.

Don’t miss any of TMC’s smart analytics! Subscribe to our newsletter.

read more
History organization

Philadelphia Flyers hire John Tortorella as new head coach

The Philadelphia Flyers have hired John Tortorella as the 23rd head coach in franchise history. The organization has reportedly reviewed a long list of candidates during a six-week process since announcing that interim head coach Mike Yeo would not keep the full-time job. ESPN’s Kevin Weekes reported the news for the first time.

Related: Measuring Tortorella as Flyers head coach

Alain Vigneault started the 2021-22 season behind the Philadelphia bench, but it only lasted 22 games before general manager (GM) Chuck Fletcher pulled the plug. The Flyers finished last in the Metropolitan Division after entering the season with high expectations. They have fallen into the worst era in franchise history, missing the playoffs in six of the last 10 seasons.

The imposing presence of John Tortorella

Tortorella is a coach with the type of experience that can command a locker room. He spent parts of 20 seasons as NHL head coach for four different teams. He coached the Tampa Bay Lightning team in 2003-04 that defeated the Flyers in Game 7 of the Eastern Conference Finals en route to the franchise’s first Stanley Cup. He led teams to the Stanley Cup Playoffs 12 times and won two Jack Adams Awards as NHL Coach of the Year.

John Tortorella, Philadelphia Flyers (James Guillory-US PRESSWIRE)

His colorful personality, strong emotions and demanding attitude led to a considerable amount of conflict with players, members of the media and opponents during his time in the NHL. His past is certainly not without blemish, and his tendency to speak with an edge regularly lands him in the headlines for good and bad reasons. His controversial comments about Trevor Zegras and Sonny Milano dominated discussions in the hockey world earlier this season.

However, any notion that paints Tortorella as a bully who will quickly burn out in the modern NHL is simplistic. He is a strict and demanding leader who has sometimes faced underperforming players. However, the majority of players who talk a lot about him consider his blunt honesty a good quality. Even after his tenure with the Blue Jackets ended in 2021, he received praise from veterans Oliver Bjorkstrand, Seth Jones, Boone Jenner and Zach Werenski.

His experience includes a seven-year tenure with the Lightning, a five-year tenure with the New York Rangers and a six-year tenure with the Columbus Blue Jackets. His only real misstep was his only season with the Vancouver Canucks in 2013-14.

Circulars seek to restore franchise glory

Back-to-back disastrous seasons led to long conversations about the need to restore the franchise’s waning identity. The Flyers proudly possessed a reputation as a feared opponent who played an intimidating physical style during their most successful eras in team history. The need to become “harder to face” has been consistently raised by influential members of the organization in response to the recent lack of success.

Cam Atkinson, Philadelphia Flyers
Cam Atkinson, Philadelphia Flyers (Amy Irvin/The Hockey Writers)

Cam Atkinson played in Columbus throughout Tortorella’s tenure. He spoke forcefully in his exit interview in April about the things he learned from his former manager and quickly moved on to statements about the team’s weaknesses last season.

“You practice your way of playing. Especially when I turned pro, I learned that from Tortorella. John Tortorella, he was great in that aspect. There just wasn’t a lot of practice time (in 2021-22), and it was hard to mold and gel as a group when playing so many games because there isn’t there’s only a few things you can watch videos and stuff but you can’t really get on the ice and do it. As we approach next year, we need to find a way to get more guts, a little more jam, and a little more “f you” into our game. Both sides of the puck, in or crease , defending our goalkeeper, and in their crease. I think we were a pretty soft team this year, in my opinion.

-Cam Atkinson

Atkinson never directly identified Tortorella as the solution to the problems. However, the 33-year-old right winger clearly holds his former coach in high regard for correctly instilling discipline and responsibility. His position within the team’s leadership group will be key in 2022-23.

Senior executives Bobby Clarke and Paul Holmgren reportedly preferred Tortorella over other candidates such as Barry Trotz, Bruce Cassidy and Jim Montgomery. Bill Meltzer described that the two former Flyers had a “substantive role in the final decision” for the hire. Other reports suggested that Fletcher was not entirely determined by the location. Although the level of influence of all parties will not become entirely clear in the near future, the organization now has its fiery head coach who seeks to restore the success of a fallen franchise.

read more
History organization

Welcome to the City of Pittsburgh


Press release

City of Pittsburgh Announces STOP Violence Community Investment Grants

Grants deployment of part of the city’s peace plan to end the violence

PITTSBURG –The City of Pittsburgh today announced that the application process for the 2022 STOP the Violence Grant is open. The grant is part of the City’s overall approach to ending the violence. Through the STOP Violence Community Investment Fund, the City plans to provide financial support in the form of grants to organizations offering programs that complement the Group Violence Intervention Violence Prevention Strategy ( GVI) existing from the City. Specifically, the grant aims to invest in organizations that take proactive action with people who exhibit one or more risk factors for violent behavior, supporting those people to overcome the risk factors, avoid violence and live a healthy life. healthy and productive. Applicants can request any amount ranging from $15,000 to over $90,000. The application deadline is July 5, 2022 at noon.

“It’s time to address violence as a public health crisis that can be treated and prevented,” said Mayor Ed Gainey. “We know that no single organization can effectively eliminate violence on its own, which is why my administration is focused on community partnerships. The STOP the Violence Community Investment Fund will allow us to support community organizations that are embarking on a bold vision to end violence and make Pittsburgh safe for all.

The STOP Violence Community Investment Fund aims to increase the effectiveness of GVI’s support and outreach, which strives to engage authentically with the community and positively impact violence through a partnership of community members, law enforcement officials and social service providers. Strong applicants should represent organizations located in areas of the city that currently experience high levels of violence; working to prevent violence; and require additional resources to continue this work.

“We are thrilled to make this opportunity available to organizations in our city that are already connected to our high-risk populations and doing all they can to prevent violence,” said Jay Gilmer, coordinator of Stop the Violence. “We know that relationships are key to supporting people, directing them to resources, and ultimately giving them greater purpose and hope.”

Here are examples of potentially eligible projects:

  • Academic, artistic, or athletic opportunities for high-risk individuals of all ages.
  • Family strengthening activities and parent/guardian support.
  • Mentoring for young people and/or adults.
  • Development of communities of support for traumatized people, reintegrated citizens and their families.
  • Culturally appropriate mental health counseling for those at high risk.

Ineligible expenses and projects include:

  • Fundraising campaigns for an individual
  • Annual fundraising events
  • Lobbying/advocacy

The City of Pittsburgh has partnered with the POISE Foundation to administer the STOP Violence Community Investment Fund grantmaking process. Potential awardees must complete a short eligibility questionnaire on POISE’s online application portal to find out if their organization is eligible to apply for the grant. If an organization meets the required criteria, the portal will direct applicants to the application.

To apply, an organization must meet the following criteria:

  • A clear understanding of the dynamics of local community violence.
  • Experience implementing community programs that impact high-risk community members.
  • Relationships and trust established between those most affected by or currently involved in violence.
  • A history of providing services to the target population of the proposed project in the organization’s particular geographic area.
  • History as a communicative and responsible community partner in successful collaborations.
  • Operate their project in the City of Pittsburgh and/or serve people who live in the City of Pittsburgh.
  • Preparation to launch the grant-funded project within 60 days of receipt of funds.
  • Recognized as a 501(c)3 or have a letter of intent or other documented support from a recognized 501(c)3 tax sponsor

2022 recipients can expect to receive their award in early September depending on the availability of funds. In addition to the grant award, grantees may also gain access to technical assistance, cohort collaboration, activities, and events.

For more information on the STOP the Violence Community Investment Fund:

read more
History organization

Hendrick Motorsports reaches 100,000 miles in the lead in the Cup Series

SONOMA, Calif. – Hendrick Motorsports made history at Sonoma Raceway on Sunday afternoon.

The organization has now eclipsed the 100,000 mile lead mark in the NASCAR Cup Series and is the first team in Cup history to accomplish this. Hendrick Motorsports led the first 52 laps of the California road course. Kyle Larson led the first 26 laps, while Chase Elliott led the next 26 laps.

Going into Sunday’s race on the 1.99 mile road course in California, Hendrick Motorsports had covered 99,902.90 miles in its Cup Series history and only needed 98 miles and 50 laps to complete 100,000 miles.

Leaving Sonoma, the team led 1,332 laps and 1,548.91 miles in the 2022 season.

RELATED: Elliott and Byron finish in top 10 in Sonoma

Earlier this season, Hendrick Motorsports became the first Cup organization to boast 2,000 top-10 finishes in the series. The team currently has 2,015 top-10 finishes.

Last year at Charlotte, Kyle Larson’s win gave Hendrick Motorsports its 269th Cup win, overtaking Petty Enterprises as the leader on the team’s all-time winning list. In this race, the team owned by Rick Hendrick led 559.5 over a possible 600 miles. Currently, the team has 285 wins in the sport’s top series.

Two of Hendrick Motorsports’ current drivers are in the top six in the most miles driven for the team.

6: Kyle Larson (3,959.528 miles led)

5: Dale Earnhardt Jr. (4,347.677 miles led)

4: Geoff Bodine (5,167.738 miles led)

3: Chase Elliott (5,819.724 miles led)

2: Jimmie Johnson (24,871.212 miles ahead)

1: Jeff Gordon (31,523.282 miles led)

read more
History organization

Living History Event at the Camden-Rockport Historical Society

CAMDEN – On Saturday, June 18, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., the Camden, Maine troupes, living history interpreters of the period 1779-1814, will camp on the grounds of the 1770s Thorndike Homestead in Camden. This free, family-friendly event is an opportunity for the public to learn about what life was like in Midcoast Maine during the Revolutionary War era and the years that followed.

Archaeological evidence found on the grounds of the Camden-Rockport Historical Society and the nearby Merryspring Nature Center supports the theory that soldiers were garrisoned in the area during the last quarter of the 18th century. Interpreters will explain the military significance of the site and the role Camden played in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

Visitors can also learn about everyday life in the 18th century through demonstrations and participatory activities. There will be open-hearth cooking demonstrations, with samples for the public, and tours of the historic house. On the outskirts, soldiers cook over the campfire using period recipes, as well as flint and steel ignition demonstrations. Re-enactments of the Camden Militia from the Revolutionary War period, as well as the War of 1812, will display the weapons and equipment of a local soldier. Families will be able to try out a variety of colonial games and toys. An 18th century medical expert will discuss common ailments and treatments of the time.

The event is one of a series of encampments that will take place one Saturday a month, through October, on the grounds of the Camden-Rockport Historical Society’s 1770s Thorndike Homestead (formerly Conway Homestead). The entrance to the farm is located on Route 1, next to Hannaford on the Camden-Rockport town line.

For more information, please contact the Camden-Rockport Historical Society at [email protected], and be sure to follow the Camden-Rockport Historical Society and the Troops at Camden on Facebook.

read more
History organization

Secret City: Behind the Untold Gay History of DC Politics | Books

LGBTQ+ people have always existed, although they have been largely erased from historical accounts and even forced to participate in their own erasure. This is true of American politics, where the 20th century saw many gays and lesbians participate in the highest levels of power, but almost totally erased from the narrative of our nation’s history. In the new book Secret City, historian James Kirchick attempts to place in the historical record gay men and women who served and contributed to their country in Washington DC throughout the 20th century.

“I want to intertwine these two threads – the common thread of history that we all read about and this gay history that has been ostracized and sequestered,” he said. “I wanted to bring them together to show that they are connected stories, that they interact and complement each other. It doesn’t subvert that established narrative, it adds to it and complicates it.

Kirchick was first intrigued by the idea of ​​a gay history of American power politics in 2007, when he moved to DC and realized he was steeped in cultural life and a living gay story. In fact, census data shows that DC has the highest proportion of gay people in the United States. As he began work on the massive project, Kirchick began to believe that as a gay man he was uniquely equipped to write Secret City. “It needed a gay person to do that,” he said. “Even straight liberal historians would feel uncomfortable writing this kind of book. It’s important that we have these stories. My being gay informs my ability to say this.

Beginning with the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and continuing through the presidency of Bill Clinton, Kirchick has spent a decade uncovering long-hidden stories that have been lost to history. At 800 pages, with well over 100 just for notes and sources, Secret City’s scope seems momentous. Although Kirchick found the writing of the book to be overwhelming as he worked to piece together all the information he uncovered, and as he occasionally became angry at the historical wrongs he found, his dominant emotion while working on the project was gratitude. “I feel enormous gratitude for the people who came before. For the people who have been through this pain so that I don’t have to.

Congressman Bob Livingston (right) and John Rhodes discuss the legislation Photography: Capital City Press/Georges Media Group and Baton Rouge, LA.

Kirchick shrewdly points out that fear of homosexuality has been a driving force in presidential politics, operating similarly to other historically recognized forms of prejudice like anti-Semitism and purges of so-called communists. This prejudice was launched with the revelations of the Kinsey Reports in 1948 and 1953, when people suddenly realized that the gay population was far larger than anyone had guessed. Even scarier, they could be anyone. This fear of the “gay next door” fueled stereotypes that gay people are disloyal to the United States, as well as the belief that they were inherently conspiratorial – “if you have three gay people in the room, it’s automatically a conspiracy,” Kirchick said.

A good example of this point is the bizarre story of Bob Livingston. Best known for being forced to resign amid a sex scandal when he was set to succeed Newt Gingrich as Speaker of the House when Bill Clinton was impeached, Livingston in 1980 became convinced that gay men working legitimately for Ronald Reagan were actually a sinister cabal secretly controlling him. Kirchick weaves this grim story, which fueled an effort to scuttle Reagan’s presidential nomination in 1980, with a number of gay conspiracy theories attached to the Reagan administration (including one that Reagan himself had sex with another man). Although these allegations are preposterous excesses based on little more than rumor, Kirchick argues that they had the potential to have turned Jimmy Carter’s landslide defeat in the 1980 election into a victory.

Regardless of any plot, Kirchick also reports that the Reagan administration turned out to be “the gayest of any presidential administration to date”, demonstrating two central points of Secret City: the growing acceptance of gay people while throughout the 20th century and their great value in government, even a far-right macho like Reagan. It’s a common irony in stories of LGBTQ+ resilience that the very things that oppressed gays and lesbians – like the need to lead double lives or the isolation that came with not being allowed to marry – were rendered advantageous both for the pursuit of their release and their political career. “During the period documented in this book,” Kirchick said, “the closets were good at producing homosexuals with skills that made them supernaturally equipped to function in Washington—they were good at keeping secrets, had no of family life to distract them, and they were more loyal to those in power.That’s the perverted set of skills the closet could spawn.

Throughout Secret City, Kirchick does a masterful job of conveying the flavor of homophobia in each historical era, while using impeccable research to vividly characterize the dozens of different individuals at play in these stories. This is not just a book about how political power has come to affect the lives of gay men and women; more so, it conveys the texture of an ever-changing world that has constantly controlled homosexuals. It shows how social forces shaped gay lives through constant implicit and explicit threats, the very language gay people had to describe their identity and experience, and harsh control over how they could access sexual practices. that were so central to their identity as human beings. beings.

Rock Hudson with Nancy and Ronald Reagan in 1984
Rock Hudson with Nancy and Ronald Reagan in 1984 Photography: Courtesy of Everett Collection/REX

Because of this rich attention to detail, Secret City also offers a vivid chronicle of the waves of liberation and backlash that characterized the growing acceptance of LGBTQ+ rights in the 20th century. As Kirchick shows, World War II became a national outing of sorts, with homosexuals joining the armed forces in unprecedented numbers. This was followed by a wave of repression in the 1950s, then liberation in the sex-positive 60s, followed by greater repression in the days of Nixon and Reagan, followed by greater freedom during Bill Clinton’s presidency. Across the Secret City sweep, we see homosexuality transform from an absolute career killer into something politicians can be carefully open to.

These waves continue today in Republican efforts to slander LGBTQ+ people as “groomers” and erase the gains trans people have made in access to medical care and social inclusion. Although Kirchick is well aware of the ugly politics of the present, as well as the fragility of the gains LGBTQ+ people have made in society, he ends Secret City on a note of triumph, celebrating the transformative acceptance of gay people as a ” massive achievement”. of liberal society”, and a quintessentially American success story. “I can quote a Gallup poll that self-identified LGBT people doubled,” Kirchick said. “And obviously, there was this explosion of visibility. I can’t predict the future, you can never say never. But in my limited experience, I’m pretty sure there’s never been a better time to be gay in this country.

read more
History organization

Elon University / Today at Elon / Resources and recommendations for celebrating Pride Month

June is Pride Month, and Elon University’s Gender & LGBTQIA Center has resources and tips on how to celebrate.

Each year, June is recognized as Pride Month to honor the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, a series of protests that followed a June 28, 1969 police raid on the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, which was a popular gathering place. for members of the LGBTQIA community.

June was officially recognized by the US government as Pride Month in 1999 when President Bill Clinton proclaimed June as Gay and Lesbian Pride Month. The government has since expanded the recognition to make it “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ+) Pride Month”. Learn more about the story here.

To help celebrate Pride Month, the Elon University Gender and LGBTQIA Center offers the following resources and recommendations for learning more, advocating, and getting involved.

Resources at Elon

  • Gender and LGBTQIA Center at Moseley 209 provides support for LGBTQIA students, provides confidential support for survivors of gender-based violence, and features gender and LGBTQIA topics
  • Gender and Sexuality Living Learning Community is a residential community open to any student wishing to explore topics around gender and sexual orientation
  • Spectrum is a queer-straight student alliance providing a safe space for all queer people, in existence for over 20 years
  • Outlaw is a social and educational organization that fosters an environment of support and acceptance for Elon Law’s LGBT students, faculty, staff, and professionals
  • The Spirit and Pride Initiative is a grant-funded initiative supported by the Carpenter Foundation and in collaboration with the GLC and the Truitt Center to support LGBTQIA students of faith
  • ASCENDa QTPOC student initiative, supports LGBTQIA students of color through affirmation, celebration and upliftment
  • CLEAR (Coalition of Learning, Empowerment, & Anti-violence Resources) is a student-led initiative overseen by the GLC that coordinates events and presentations on gender-based violence awareness and prevention.

Community Resources

  • Pride of Alamance is a non-profit organization serving the LGBTQ communities of Alamance County by hosting an annual Pride Festival
  • PFLAG Alamance provides support to families and friends of LGBTQ people through educational materials and advocacy against harassment and bullying
  • Guilford Green Foundation & LGBTQ Center (Greensboro) creates unity through programs and philanthropy that advance equality and inclusion for LGBTQ communities

GLC Ally Tips

  • Connect with one of Elon’s organizations or the Alamance Country community
  • Donate to the Gender and LGBTQIA Center to provide financial support for food-insecure LGBTQIA students, to access gender-affirming clothing, and to make educational experiences financially accessible
  • Learn about the history of LGBTQIA communities, from the Society for Human Rights and the Compton Cafeteria Riot, to the Stonewall Riots and subsequent Pride parades

Contact the Gender and LGBTQIA Center staff to find out other ways to get involved or if you are interested in volunteering with the GLC.

read more
History organization

Quin Snyder steps down as Utah Jazz coach after 8 seasons

Snyder leaves his coaching job at Utah as the 2nd winningest coach in franchise history.

SALT LAKE CITY – The Utah Jazz announced today that Quin Snyder is completing his tenure as head coach of the franchise.

Snyder leaves Utah after eight years with the Jazz and a 372-264 (.585) regular season record. He leaves the Jazz as the second winningest coach in franchise history.

“Quin Snyder has embodied what Jazz basketball is all about for the past eight years,” said Utah Jazz owner Ryan Smith. “The tireless work ethic and attention to detail Quin displays every day is a testament to the professionalism he is. I have nothing but admiration for Quin and respect his decision. On behalf of Ashley and I, along with our ownership group and entire organization, thank Quin and Amy from the bottom of our hearts for all of their contributions to the State of Utah and the Jazz and wish them only the best.

Snyder completed his eighth season as Jazz head coach in 2021-22, leading the team to six straight playoff appearances and advancing to the Western Conference Semifinals in three of six showings. Over the past six seasons, Snyder led the Jazz to a 294-178 (.623) record, which was the third-best winning percentage in the NBA and the best in the Western Conference during that span.

In 2020-21, he led the Jazz to the NBA’s best record (52-20, .722) and highest winning percentage in Jazz history en route to being named the team’s head coach. LeBron at the 2021 NBA All-Star Game. In 2017-18, Snyder was the runner-up for NBA Coach of the Year voting. He was named Western Conference Coach of the Month four times during his time with the Jazz.

“I am extremely grateful to have spent the past eight years with such a respected and historic organization and in the beautiful, kind and supportive community of Salt Lake City. I could not have asked for better owners in the Miller family and with Ryan and Ashley,” Quin Snyder said.

“They represent the Utah Jazz in all the right ways and I know the team couldn’t be in better hands with Ryan’s ownership. He is extremely proud and determined to do what is right for Utah Jazz and bring a championship to Utah. It was also an honor to work with the entire group of owners, Mike, Ryan, Dwyane and others. Danny and Justin show strong leadership and I greatly appreciate their efforts and working with them. At the heart, and what motivates me every day, are our players and their passion for the game, their desire to constantly work to improve, and their dedication to the team and the Jazz. I firmly believe that they need a new voice to continue to evolve. That’s it. No philosophical difference, no other reason. After eight years, I feel it’s time to move on.

“I needed to take the time to detach myself after the season and make sure it was the right decision. I greatly respect and appreciate Ryan, Danny and Justin’s discussions about moving forward together, I just know it’s time. I’m forever grateful to all the players, coaches, partners and people I’ve worked with at the Jazz. Your sacrifice, your kinship made it an amazing and special experience. Amy and I are very grateful to have spent time here as it has been a great place to raise our family. Thank you to our ever supportive and passionate fans. We want only the best for you and to see you raise a championship banner.

read more
History organization

Xander Bogaerts sets Red Sox record for shortstop games

OAKLAND — It couldn’t have been more perfect if this was a classic baseball movie.

Xander Bogaerts entered home plate in the top of the fourth inning. He saw two players within four seams of A starter James Kaprielian, one down and inside, the other barely outside. The third pitch, however, was just over the heart of the plate — and Bogaerts squared it, throwing it deep into left field for a solo shot.

Fittingly, Bogaerts drove in the first and final innings of Boston’s 7-2 win over Oakland, going 2-for-5 with three RBIs. The circuit itself wasn’t otherworldly – ​​389ft, 102.8mph at the start – but it perfectly highlighted a historic night for Bogaerts.

With his departure on Friday night, Bogaerts has now played 1,094 career games at shortstop, breaking a franchise record that stood for more than a century. He passed Everett Scott, who played for the Red Sox from 1914 to 1921. Bogaerts and Scott are currently tied for the most career starts.

“It means a lot to us,” manager Alex Cora said. “We will wait for the celebration tomorrow because tomorrow is another big day for him.

“To show up every day means a lot to us, it means a lot to his teammates. It means a lot to the city of Boston.”

Ask around the Red Sox clubhouse, and one word comes up repeatedly to describe what Bogaerts means to this club: consistency.

“What defines him is consistency,” said centre-back Kiké Hernández. “He’s as consistent as it gets, and I would say it’s both on and off the court – at home plate, on defense, at the clubhouse, the same guy every day.”

Bogaerts has long been a Boston staple. He signed with the Red Sox as an amateur free agent from Aruba in 2009 and made his Major League debut four years later, playing 18 games in the 2013 regular season. the magical World Series run from Boston this fall that Bogaerts has become indispensable in the roster — and he hasn’t looked back.

It’s not just the number of games that stands out for Bogaerts’ feat – it’s also that he did it at shortstop. Shortstop is a grueling position, and there was initially doubt that Bogaerts plays it every day at the Majors.

“When I arrived there was a lot of talk, maybe I have to change my position,” Bogaerts said. “I have to give huge credit to the coaching staff and obviously the organization for believing in me and giving me this opportunity.”

Four Silver Sluggers, three All-Star selections and two World Series rings later, Bogaerts is more reliable than ever. In 2022, he leads the American League shortstops with 33 points and is second in extra hits with 20, behind only Toronto’s Bo Bichette. His 62 hits lead all MLB shortstops.

And what does Bogaerts think of his numbers so far?

Probably not much, Cora said. A remarkable quality is that Bogaerts always strives to be better. In 51 games this season, Bogaerts has reduced .325/.394/.492, good for the team’s third-best OPS. He won’t sing his own praises, but Cora is more than happy to do it for him.

“He’s just a humble kid who likes to win games. He did his part – hit the home run, hit the double, played solid defense,” Cora said. “There’s only one man in the big leagues who can say his shortstop is Xander Bogaerts, and that’s me. And I’m proud of that.”

The feeling is shared between Bogaerts teammates. Although he’s only 29, Bogaerts is the longest-serving member of the Red Sox, and teammates — old and new, young and old — say they look up to him on and off the court.

“What you see is what you get,” Bogaerts said. “It’s very cool for these guys to see this and talk like this.”

Christian Vázquez, who has played alongside Bogaerts since they were teammates at the Minors in 2011, summed up the impact of club leaders like Bogaerts in a few simple words.

“When they leave,” he said, “we leave.”

read more
History organization

Stonehenge images of Queen Elizabeth II spark controversy ahead of Platinum Jubilee

Placeholder while loading article actions

LONDON — As part of preparations for Queen Elizabeth II’s Platinum Jubilee, eight portraits of the monarch have been projected onto the ancient stone faces of Stonehenge, one from each decade of her 70-year reign.

The projection of the 96-year-old man onto the 5,000-year-old monument was called a ‘spellbinding tribute’ from organizers – but the merger of two of Britain’s most iconic stalwarts has sparked controversy on social media.

Some have said the World Heritage site in Wiltshire, England should remain intact, citing its apparent history as an ancient religious site. Others said it was “in bad taste” to turn the prehistoric monument into a real billboard.

“It’s crazy, or should I say, completely insane”, read a of nearly 6,000 replies to the tweet.

Others seemed more enthusiastic about the idea, with one person marking the tribute “thronehenge.” The Queen’s former press secretary and royal commentator Dickie Arbiter called out the series of images “beautiful.”

Stonehenge, believed to have been built in stages between 3000 and 1520 BC, has remained a focus of historical speculation for centuries. Although the purpose of the site is unknown, English Heritage concluded that “there must be some spiritual reason why Neolithic and Bronze Age people went to such lengths to build it”.

Other analysts say the sarsen stones may have served as a giant solar calendar so people knew the time of year. Experts have also concluded that the site hosted parties and ceremonies, with a 2019 study finding that Stonehenge served as a “hub for Britain’s first mass parties”.

Research and excavations at the site, which also served as a burial site, continue. The stones are positioned to align with the movements of the sun. Experts in the 17th and 18th centuries believed it served as a Druidic temple, and even to this day modern Druids flock to the site to celebrate the spiritually significant summer and winter solstices.

People buried at Stonehenge 5,000 years ago came a long way, study finds

English Heritage Trust, the organization responsible for managing hundreds of historic sites including Stonehenge, told the Washington Post the exhibit was part of a “range of events and activities” taking place across the country on its sites to celebrate the jubilee.

“From the 2012 Summer Olympics to the commemoration of the centenary of the First World War, Stonehenge has played a role in marking important moments in the recent history of this country, including – now – the Platinum Jubilee”, English Heritage said in a statement.

Queen Elizabeth II attends the first Jubilee event and receives a standing ovation

Although English Heritage did not comment on the backlash, it said it had previously released footage of Stonehenge.

In 2020, as a recent example, the faces of eight people who have helped support Britain’s art and heritage sectors amid the coronavirus pandemic were projected onto the stones. And in November 2014, images of World War I soldiers were projected onto the monument as part of a military tribute.

Images of the Queen also appear in homes and shop windows and are featured on other iconic sites including The London Marble Arch.

“Stonehenge’s history continues to evolve and change,” says English Heritage on its official website, adding that “an air of mystery and intrigue” will always shroud the complex and widely debated history of the site.

Jubilee celebrations are set to start Thursday and run through Sunday, with street parties across the country, the annual British Army Trooping the Color ceremony (Prince William led a rehearsal over the weekend ) and a traditional appearance on the balcony of the royal family.

Prince William takes center stage at Queen Elizabeth II’s Jubilee rehearsal

read more
History organization

Vermont is set to elect its 1st woman to Congress this year

Placeholder while loading article actions

MONTPELIER, Vermont — With a rare openness this fall in its congressional delegation, Vermont looks set to lose its distinction as the only state that has never had a woman represent it in Washington.

Three women, including Lt. Governor Molly Gray and Senate Pro Tempore Speaker Becca Balint, are among the Democrats competing in the Aug. 9 primary for the seat vacated by the lone U.S. House member, Democrat Peter Welch, who is trying to advance to the Senate. The two Republican candidates registered to run in the midterm elections are also women.

Given Vermont’s liberal reputation, it might seem strange that it was the last state to send a woman to Congress. But Vermont’s small population makes it one of the few states with the smallest congressional delegation possible — two senators and one House member. And like many states, Vermont has traditionally re-elected its incumbents, who turned out to be white men who ended up serving for extraordinarily long periods. That includes Democrat Patrick Leahy, who was first elected in 1974 and is the fourth longest-serving senator in history.

“It’s a leadership bottleneck,” said Elaine Haney, executive director of Emerge Vermont, an organization that works to prepare women to run for office. “And so, when someone hangs on to all of that for a very long time, it prevents everyone from having opportunities.”′

Last November, Leahy announced he would retire after eight terms. Within days, Welch said he would seek a Senate appointment, leaving the House seat vacant for the first time since 2006, when Welch succeeded the current senator. Bernie Sanders. Sanders has been on the congressional delegation since 1991.

Haney, whose organization has helped train some of the female House candidates on how to campaign, noted that women bring a different experience than men to elected office. It matters, she said, on issues like abortion rights, a topic highlighted by a leaked U.S. Supreme Court draft opinion that would overturn the landmark 1973 Roe decision. v. Wade legalizing abortion.

“I strongly believe – and I think a lot of other people strongly believe – that if women, Democratic women, were actually at the table, these kinds of threatening situations wouldn’t happen, because lived experiences by women would be at the center of discussion and politics,” she said.

Democratic candidates support abortion rights. A referendum on the ballot in Vermont in November would enshrine reproductive rights in the state constitution, the first such amendment in the country. The state also has a law protecting a woman’s right to abortion.

“We need leaders going to Washington who unequivocally make sure Roe v. Wade is codified federally, and I know that’s a top priority for (Democratic) women in this race,” said Grey.

Welch was also a strong proponent of abortion rights and called on Congress to codify abortion rights. He believes that electing a woman as successor will encourage more young people to run for office.

“This is a moment when everyone is on deck and I couldn’t be more excited for our state that these women have stepped up to take on the challenge,” Welch said in a statement. “Each of the candidates is unique and incredibly talented and I know they will use their experience to work hard for Vermonters in Congress if elected.”

Vermont remains an outlier at a time when the number of women serving in Washington is increasing. Montana in 1916 made Representative Jeannette Rankin the first woman elected to Congress, four years before the 19th Amendment secured women’s constitutional suffrage.

Since then, nearly 400 women have served as United States Representatives, Delegates, Resident Commissioners or Senators,

In 2018, Vermont became the last state without female representation in Congress when Mississippi Republican Cindy Hyde-Smith was nominated to the Senate.

Women seeking the Democratic nomination in Vermont’s House race have not focused their campaigns on the possibility of one of them being the state’s first woman elected to Congress. Instead, they promise to seek solutions to bolster the workforce, alleviate the state’s affordable housing problem and tackle the climate crisis, among other central party priorities.

“They’re just not that far apart on a lot of those issues, and I think the election is going to come down to other things, such as temperament and experience issues and, frankly, name recognition. “said Matthew Dickinson, a politician. science professor at Middlebury College.

Gray, the lieutenant governor, was elected in 2020 in her first bid for political office. She is a lawyer and former Assistant State Attorney General.

Balint served in the state senate for eight years, six of them in leadership positions, the last two as interim president. She was previously a middle school teacher.

A third Democratic candidate, Sianay Chase Clifford, is an Essex social worker who previously worked in Washington for Rep. Ayanna Pressley, D-Mass.

Candidates could also make history in other ways. If elected, Balint would be the first openly gay person to represent Vermont in Congress, while Chase Clifford would be the first person of color to represent the state in Washington.

The GOP candidates listed to run for the House seat are accountant Ericka Redic, who lost a 2020 state Senate race, and Anya Tynio, who ran for the U.S. House in 2018 and lost.

Redic says she will focus on tackling inflation, illegal immigration, drug abuse and government overreach, especially when it comes to vaccination mandates. Tynio has stated on her website that she is a supporter of the Second Amendment, a supporter of strong border security, and in favor of implementing legislation that would reduce inflation, reduce the national debt, and balance the budget.

Two men, a Brattleboro independent and a South Burlington doctor as a Democrat, are also running for the House seat, but neither has reported raising any money.

Although this fall’s election will likely shatter Vermont’s glass ceiling, it’s likely the state will have more openings in the coming years.

Sanders, an independent, is 80 and faces re-election in 2024. Welch is 75.

Haney said she would like to see all elected offices in Vermont held by women.

“We have normalized male leadership throughout our history. And we’re so used to seeing nobody but responsible men, and we think, ‘Oh, that’s okay,’ she said. “There’s nothing wrong with all women being in charge, and that’s what I want to see.”

Follow AP for full midterm election coverage at and on Twitter,

read more
History organization

Flyers coaching rumours: John Tortorella interviews for job, insider says he’s a ‘legitimate candidate’

John Tortorella, one of the NHL’s most polarizing coaches, has been interviewed to return to the bench as head coach. And an NHL insider thinks he’s a “legitimate candidate” to land the job.

Tortorella confirmed earlier this week that he had interviewed with the Flyers to become the team’s next head coach. Tortorella parted ways with the Blue Jackets after the 2020-21 season and has since been an analyst at ESPN. The Flyers fired Mike Yeo after the end of the 2021-22 campaign.

According to NBC Sports Philadelphia, Sportsnet’s Elliotte Friedman told the NHL Network that he thinks the Flyers consider Tortorella to be one of the best candidates for the job.

“I think they’re still in the process,” Friedman said. “I absolutely believe Tortorella is a legitimate candidate there, though. I think they’re looking for a veteran, demanding presence. He certainly meets all of those criteria. I think he’s exactly the kind of person that they are looking for.”

MORE: 2022 NHL playoff schedule, TV channels, scores

Tortorella has a reputation as an outspoken coach that has made him a polarizing figure in the NHL. He has often criticized players and media audiences, and is considered to have a tough approach towards players on his teams.

But he has produced results throughout his coaching career. He was brought in midway through the 2000–01 season to lead the Lightning and took on full-time coaching duties the following season. The team finished 24-47-6-5 in that 2000-01 season, but in the 2002-03 season Tampa Bay led the division at 36-25-16-5 and made the playoffs. playoffs. The following year, the Lightning posted a 46-22-8-6 record and won the first Stanley Cup in franchise history.

Tortorella left the Lightning after the 2007–08 season with the most wins as an American head coach at 239 and joined the Rangers midway through the 2008–09 season. He spent six seasons with New York and guided them to a 171-118-1-29 record in the regular season and a 19-25 record in the playoffs. He was fired after the 2012-13 season and joined the Canucks for a single season. In Vancouver, he was suspended during the season for an altercation with a coach, angered the team’s starting goaltender and prompted him to seek a trade to Vancouver and missed the playoffs.

MORE: Flames goalscoring controversy explained

The Blue Jackets signed Tortorella at the start of the 2015-16 season. After going 34-33-8 in his freshman year at Columbus, he led the team to the playoffs the following season, the first of four straight playoff trips. In 2019, the Blue Jackets became the first team to sweep the Presidents’ Trophy winning team, the Lightning, in the first round of the playoffs, giving Columbus its first playoff win in franchise history.

Tortorella and the Blue Jackets mutually agreed to part ways after the 2020-21 season, in which Columbus went 18-26-12 and finished last in the division. He is the winningest coach in Blue Jackets history.

In his coaching career, he has no losing record with any of the four teams he has coached, and overall he has a record of 673-541-37-132. His 673 wins rank 14th all-time and second among Americans only to Peter Laviolette’s 717. He was twice named winner of the Jack Adams Best Coach Award (2004 and 2017).

MORE: List of NHL award finalists for Hart, Norris, Vezina and more

The Flyers have struggled over the past two years, missing the playoffs in consecutive seasons for the first time since 1992-93 and 1993-94. Over the past two seasons, Philadelphia has allowed the second-most goals in the league with 499, according to Stathead.

Tortorella teams have always been strong defensively. The Blue Jackets have allowed the 14th-fewest NHL goals in his six years in Columbus, according to Stathead, and only the third-fewest in the four consecutive years they have made the playoffs. The Rangers allowed the second-fewest goals in the NHL while he was head coach at New York.

“I think John Tortorella is someone who appeals to at least part of the Flyer organization,” Friedman said. “I think when you think of some of the longtime Flyers, like Bob Clarke, who still have influence in this organization, I think Tortorella is exactly the kind of person they believe in. Anyone who dismisses the candidacy of Tortorella for this position would be stupid. . I think he has a legitimate chance to do so.”

read more
History organization

Mehmet Oz-Dave McCormick Republican Primary for US Senate Leaders to Tell – NBC10 Philadelphia

Dave McCormick, trailing Mehmet Oz by 902 votes in the Republican primary for U.S. Senate in Pennsylvania, faces a long chance of overtaking Oz if history is any indication.

Pennsylvania’s secretary of state announced on Wednesday that all 67 counties must recount ballots in the May 17 primary involving McCormick and Oz, as election results show the two are separated by less than 0.1% of the more than 1.3 million votes cast.

That’s well below the 0.5% threshold by which Pennsylvania’s election code requires a recount of all votes.

“This automatic recount is intended to ensure that the count is accurate and that there is confidence in the counts and results,” Pennsylvania Secretary of State Leigh Chapman said. “I thank everyone for their patience as we count every vote.”

Chapman said counties will have May 27 to June 7 to recount votes in the Senate race. Counties must report their results by noon on June 8.

But despite the razor-thin margin separating Oz and McCormick, a national study of elections from 2000 to 2019 found only three instances in which the leader was passed by the second-place candidate. In each of those elections, the initial margin separating the candidates was much closer than the margin separating the candidates in the Republican primary this month.

“It’s common to expect some votes to change when you do a manual recount. In this case the candidates are separated by about 1,000 votes and in this case we should expect a change of about 100 votes,” said Deb Otis of FairVote. in an interview on Wednesday. “It’s possible, but definitely an uphill battle for David McCormick.”

Otis, who is a senior research analyst at the nonpartisan organization FairVote, authored a 2020 study that looked at the past 20 years of statewide elections in the United States. .

Only 31 times has a statewide race been recounted. Of those, three saw the original leader give up the advantage and lose the election, Otis said. Each had initial margins of less than 0.05%, according to his study.

The difference between Oz and McCormick is about 0.09%.

None of the three recorded a vote shift from one candidate to another of more than 225 votes, according to the FairVote study.

In Pennsylvania, seven recounts have taken place since the turn of the century, Chapman, the secretary of state, said Tuesday. Only one of those seven was a statewide race. In 2009, a state Superior Court election was subject to a recount. The results were not voided after the recount.

The eventual winner of the Senate race will face Democratic nominee John Fetterman in the November general election.

For all the candidates, issues and important dates voters should know in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware, go to NBC10 Decision 2022 page. You’ll find tools to help you navigate the midterm elections, including when to vote and who will be on your ballots in the November primaries and general elections.

read more
History organization

This composition performed for the first time in Milwaukee was honored with a Pulitzer

The Sunday before Thanksgiving, Raven Chacon created Mass without voice in Milwaukee. Usually, Chacon — an indigenous artist from Fort Defiance, Navajo Nation — wouldn’t perform on Thanksgiving, but for this Present Music concert that gives a “voice to the voiceless,” he made an exception. And on May 9, he received a Pulitzer Prize for Music for this piece.

Chacon specifically composed Mass without voice for the Nichols & Simpson organ of the Saint-Jean-l’Évangéliste cathedral. And although the word “mass” is used, there are no vocal parts in the 16-minute piece. Instead, Chacon used the organ and a set of wind and string instruments to fill the cathedral.

Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music

“By exploiting the architecture of the cathedral, Mass without voice considers the futility of giving voice to the voiceless, when ceding space is never an option for those in power. Chacon writes in the concert program. The Pulitzer Prize jury described the concert as “an original and compelling work for organ and ensemble that evokes the weight of history in a church setting, a concentrated and powerful musical expression with a haunting visceral impact”.

Mass without voice was commissioned by the Milwaukee Present Music organization—with support from the Wisconsin Conference of the United Church of Christ and Plymouth Church UCC—as part of the ensemble’s 40th anniversary season. The music organization has always been known for its imaginative performance experiments – once putting musicians on boats for a gig that floated down the Milwaukee River.


This year’s survey covers over 60 categories, including restaurants, retailers, salons, financial advisors and more. Vote often – polls reopen every day, and every time you vote, you’ll automatically be entered into a draw to win one of five amazing prizes!

“We spoke to him [Chacon] and we’d give him just about any gig of the year, and we’d walk around the Thanksgiving gig very timidly,” Present Music co-artistic director Eric Segnitz said. “But once he heard about the large space of the cathedral and the organ, he wanted to do it in November. He was very attracted to the instrument.

The piece itself is a contemporary work. Chacon uses non-traditional techniques to obtain new sounds from the instruments. For example, the cellist used many percussive techniques – which is not common on a string instrument – ​​and even the organist used subsonic base tones, which Segnitz says is quite unusual. OMoreover, the concert was not the usual enfilade with the public and the instrumentalists face to face. For Mass without voice the artists surrounded their listeners.

Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music

“I think that particular performance experience was unique because the audience really, they’re in the middle of it all, and they were a part of it,” Segnitz says. “It didn’t feel like 12 musicians, but more like 512 musicians.”

Segnitz says it’s pretty rare that such a contemporary piece — especially one like this that takes imagination to comprehend — receives an immediate, warm response from audiences. Mass without voice received a standing ovation on Thanksgiving Day. “We should have known,” Segnitz says of the Pulitzer.

“It certainly surprised me! I was thrilled that his work was recognized,” says Jessica Franken, president of Present Music. “The level of public recognition for this composer and this work will allow us to kind of reinforce that this is an important part of our mission to support artists who are creating new music, both on the composition than on the performance side. .”

Along with Chacon, Present also collaborated with the Electa Quinney Institute for American Indian Education at UW-Milwaukee and Ho-Chunk Nation artist Sky Hopinka for the concert. Chacon was also very involved beyond the concert hall. He visited Present Music’s educational partners, led sessions for local students, and gave a pre-concert talk to provide pre-show insight.

Raven Chacon and David Bloom addressed the audience before the show; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music

The victory brought national attention to Chacon and current Milwaukee music – even though some national publications covering the groundbreaking concert incorrectly stated that the band was based in Minneapolis. It is the first of more than 80 commissions in Present Music’s 40-year history to win the award. Chacon also made history as the first Native American to win a Pulitzer Prize for music.

“We did this because we love Chacon’s work and perspective, and it’s something we wanted to see, support and bring to our community,” said Present Music co-artistic director David Bloom.

And while Bloom is glad Present Music was able to bring this piece to an audience in Milwaukee, he’s thrilled that Mass without voice will now have an even greater reach. “It’s the kind of award that guarantees that,” he says.

Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music
Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music
Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music
Performance “Mass without voice”; Photo by Samer Ghani, courtesy of Present Music



read more
History organization

Ukrainian exhibition at Igo Library aims to share the country’s history and culture

SAN ANTONIO – In an effort to further share their culture amid the ongoing Russian invasion, Ukrainian San Antonio has set up an exhibit inside the Igo Library on the northwest side.

“Here is my mother, she is in Kyiv. She, all the time she was in Kyiv, she never left and she is still here,” said Olenka Bravo, co-founder of the organization, showing the photo of his mother.

The photos on display tell the story of Ukraine.

“It’s very difficult to hear him on the phone when the sirens are on. And when I see his picture, it’s even harder,” Bravo said.

Members of the San Antonio Ukrainian worked with City Council leaders from Districts Four and Eight to secure this display set.

“This project concerns Ukraine. Exposure is, how do you say, is of the utmost importance in warfare,” Bravo said.

She explains that part of the attack on Ukraine is disinformation from the Russian side, saying that Ukraine was never its own nation and should belong to Russia.

A d

By showcasing decades-old photos and clothing, jewelry and other artifacts from different regions, Bravo hopes it will show the deep culture of their country.

“That way we have more evidence to show that we always were and still are who we are,” she said.

Her 9-year-old son, Albert, says he gets a mix of emotions watching the screen and talking about Ukraine.

“I want people to know what it’s going through right now, everything he had to go through,” Albert said.

Seeing his grandmother’s photo in particular breaks Albert’s heart.

“Imagine that your parents, your grandparents were every day that you didn’t know if they were alive or dead. Imagine, he said.

The display has no set time for how long it will be up.

If you’re looking for other ways to support Ukraine, Laika Cheesecake and Espresso is hosting another Sunday fundraiser at the Pearl Farmer’s Market from 10:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.

A d

Their latest fundraiser raised over $72,000 in March 2022.

Copyright 2022 by KSAT – All rights reserved.

read more
History organization

Purdue trio named to CoSIDA’s first all-district academy team

WEST LAFAYETTE, Indiana – Purdue student-athletes Ben Bramley, Max Lyons and Joe Weiller have been named to the CoSIDA All-District Academic Team for General Sports, the organization announced yesterday.

As regional winners from District 5, all three Boilermakers qualify for the national ballot from which the All-America Academic Teams are selected. District 5 includes all universities and colleges in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio.

Weiler has now been named Academic All-District for the third consecutive year, while Bramley and Lyon have been named for the second consecutive season.

Weiler, a senior from Bloomington, Indiana, graduated last week with a 3.87 GPA in industrial engineering. He was recently named to the All-Big Ten First Team for the second and third time overall, being one of five players in school history to be named to the All-Big First Team twice. Ten. He ended his career last weekend by finishing 15and at NCAA regionals. He posted the fourth-best career stroke average (73.05) in school history and his 11 career top-10 finishes were ninth in school history. Last season, he recorded eight top-20 finishes in 10 events and ranked fifth on the list in single-season stroke averages (71.73). Weiler’s eight rounds in the ’60s were the fifth in a season in school history.

Lyon, a senior from Dyersville, Iowa, earns all-district academic honors for the second year in a row after completing his fifth and final year with the Boilermaker wrestling program and earning his bachelor’s degree in industrial-operations and line management. supply. He adds to an impressive list of academic accolades, including his fourth straight NWCA Scholar All-America honor and his fourth All-Big Ten academic recognition. Lyon is the second wrestler in Purdue history to become a four-time Scholar All-American, joining 2012 graduate AJ Kissel. Lyon qualified for his fourth NCAA championships at 184 pounds, posting his career-best showing in 2022 The No. 30 seed knocked out two top-15 opponents en route to the round of 16 but fell one win short of All-America honors and a podium spot. He finished his career ranked 18thand all-time in eliminations at Purdue, compiling 237, and had 87 career wins.

Bramley was an academic All-American, NCAA silver medalist and three-time Big Ten championship medalist during his decorated career at Purdue. He graduated this month with a degree in finance and a GPA of 3.86. Last year, he became the sixth member of the Morgan J. Burke Aquatic Center men’s program to be recognized as an Academic All-American, joining two-time Academic All-America winner Jamie Bissett (2014-15). , as Purdue divers earn illustrious distinction.

At the NCAA Championships this season, Bramley finished in the top 10 on the 10-yard platform for the third time in his career. It was his fourth career All-America honor in the entire event. When Brandon Loschiavo and Bramley won NCAA gold and silver in 2021, he scored a university’s first one-two in a diving event since Auburn (also a platform) in 2005. He is also only l one of six Purdue divers (men and women) to medal at the Big Ten Championships three years in a row.

Purdue Swimming and Diving has had at least one academic winner from every district every year since 2010.

read more
History organization

Judeo-Christian nation should move to interfaith America, says Eboo Patel

This article was first published in the State of the Faith Newsletter. Sign up to receive the newsletter in your inbox every Monday evening.

Eboo Patel plans to overhaul the country’s approach to religion. And his mission begins with giving his organization a new name.

For the past 20 years, Patel’s work has unfolded under the Interfaith Youth Core banner, a name that reflected his team’s focus on issues facing colleges and universities. From now on, they will be known as Interfaith America and will work to improve society as a whole.

“Our work on campuses will continue and grow. And we will add to that interfaith work in health, technology, racial equity…government agencies and private businesses,” Patel, the organization’s founder and president, said during a briefing. a launch event on May 10 in Washington, DC.

In announcing the new name, Patel pointed out that the phrase “interfaith America” ​​gives a vision of what the country could be. He and his team are calling for some sort of national rebranding, an embrace of religious diversity.

“The mission of Interfaith America, the institution, is to help build interfaith America, the nation,” he told me in a phone interview last week.

Part of this effort will include the introduction of the term “Jewish-Christian nation” to usher in “interfaith America.” The former served a valuable purpose in the mid-twentieth century, Patel said, but it no longer serves us well today. .

During our interview, I asked Patel to elaborate on what the future will look like if Interfaith America is successful. Here’s what he told me about his organization’s plans to build a “potluck nation.”

Kelsey Dallas: Can you summarize what this name change means for your organization?

Ebo Patel: For 10 years, we have focused 90% of our energy on university campuses and higher education. Now we will significantly expand our programs in the areas of technology, racial equity, health and business, while also expanding our work on college campuses with student leaders.

We believe that religious diversity and interfaith cooperation are relevant to virtually every aspect of American life. We want to be the vital civic institution that stands up and takes responsibility for helping the United States become an interfaith America.

KD: This change comes at a time when many religious organizations are in decline. Is there room for religious people?noin Interfaith America?

PE: Yes, and there always have been. From the beginning, atheists, agnostics, spiritual seekers and others have had a place at the table of our programs.

KD: You talked about “Judeo-Christian America” as a kind of branding that helped reduce anti-Semitism and anti-Catholicism. Do you hope the phrase “interfaith America” will work the same way?

PE: The term “Judeo-Christian” is not particularly historically or theologically accurate when applied to the American context. But it is a brilliant civic invention that has broadened the country’s understanding of itself and reduced anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic fanaticism.

Now that America’s demographics have shifted again — there are as many Buddhists and Muslims in the country as there are Lutherans — it’s time to write the next big chapter in American religious history. And we think “Interfaith America” ​​is the right title for this chapter.

KD: How will we know when the idea of ​​interreligious America has caught on?

PE: School calendars will pay attention not only to Christian holidays, but also to Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim holidays. Cities will have days of interfaith service. Congregations across the country will have interfaith exchanges of clergy. College campuses will have interfaith student councils. Hospitals will regularly hold religious diversity training for their medical staff. In general, religious diversity will be seen as a strength.

In fact, I think something else will also happen: we will start to see ourselves not as a hollow nation, but as a nation to be shared. We will not be a country where people’s unique identities are fused, but rather a country where people’s unique identities are welcome contributions to the party.

Fresh off the press

Latest Details on California Church Shooting

Does the Religious Freedom Act give you the right to an abortion?

What a new study reveals about child deaths at these government-supported schools

Senate moves to protect Supreme Court justices amid abortion rights protests

Term of the Week: Clergy Consulting Service

Started in the late 1960s, the Clergy Abortion Counseling Service connected religious leaders across the country who felt a denominational call to help women obtain abortions. The service offered referrals to abortion providers, pastoral counseling and other forms of support. He also played a consumer advocacy role, collecting reviews of abortion clinics, as well as price information.

“By 1973, approximately 1,400 clergy across the country had helped what is estimated to be hundreds of thousands of women access safe abortions,” The Atlantic reported in a 2016 Clergy Consultation Service article.

What I read…

Deseret News reporter Kyle Dunphey spent part of April in Poland learning about the plight of Ukrainian refugees and those trying to help them. His latest article on the trip focuses on the work of religious organizations and individuals.

I couldn’t believe what I read in Christianity Today’s in-depth look at the savage history of Tennessee’s ban on clergy serving in the state legislature.

Jon Ward, chief national correspondent for Yahoo! News, wrote an essay for Christianity Today about how being a journalist made him a better Christian. “I have been free to listen, to consider, to agree or disagree, and to follow the direction indicated by the evidence on each issue. In this regard, I feel paid to go in a Christian direction – a leadership that stays clear of arguments motivated by ideology or group affiliation,” he wrote.


In my time on Faith Beat, I really enjoyed working on a few stories at the intersection of religion and disability rights. It’s no wonder a new book on disability justice in churches caught my eye.

Are you fans of “Legally Blonde”? If so, I invite you to read this essay on the moral universe of the film.

read more
1 2 3 4
Page 1 of 4